Thursday, June 22, 2017

The biology of uterine fluid: How it informs the fetus of mom's world

A developing fetus bathes in a mixture of cellular secretions and proteins unique to its mother's uterus. Before fertilization, the pH of uterine fluid helps create a conducive environment for sperm migration, and afterward, its volume supports the embryo as it implants onto the wall of the uterus. Recent evidence suggests that uterine fluid may play another role in embryonic development: communicating the mother's outside conditions to the fetus,

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Peroxisomal biogenesis disorder: New link to sugar metabolism

Peroxisomal biogenesis disorder, which has been linked only to lipid metabolism, is also associated with sugar metabolism.

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High fat diet reduces gut bacteria, Crohn's disease symptoms

A high fat diet may lead to specific changes in gut bacteria that could fight harmful inflammation -- a major discovery for patients suffering from Crohn's disease, research indicates. Crohn's disease, a type of inflammatory bowel syndrome, causes debilitating intestinal swelling, cramping, and diarrhea. The disease affects half a million people in the United States, but its cause is yet unclear.

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Tattoo Removal: Options and Results

How hard is it to remove a tattoo? What processes are used? Is it painful?

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Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Eating fish may reduce arthritis symptoms

In a recent study, individuals with rheumatoid arthritis who consumed fish twice weekly had lower disease activity (swollen/tender joint counts along with other assessments) than those who ate fish never to <1/month.

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Specific diabetes medications to protect bone health recommended

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and osteoporosis often coexist in patients, but managing both conditions can be a challenge. A comprehensive review highlights the most effective treatment options for treating these conditions together.

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Extra-virgin olive oil preserves memory, protects brain against Alzheimer's

The Mediterranean diet is associated with a variety of health benefits, including a lower incidence of dementia. Now, researchers have identified a specific ingredient that protects against cognitive decline: extra-virgin olive oil. In a new study, the researchers show that consumption of extra-virgin olive oil protects memory and learning ability and reduces the formation of amyloid-beta plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain -- classic markers of Alzheimer's disease.

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Lightweight steel production breakthrough: Brittle phases controlled

High-strength, lightweight steels can finally be processed on an industrial scale, thanks to a breakthrough in controlling undesired brittle stages from production.

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Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Internet-based weight-loss program for low-income women after child birth

An internet-based weight loss program was effective in promoting significant weight loss in low-income postpartum women over 12 months, according to a study.

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Screening for obesity in children and adolescents recommended

The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that clinicians screen for obesity in children and adolescents 6 years and older and offer or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvements in weight.

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Caution: Bodybuilding Products Can Be Risky

Are all bodybuilding products safe to use? The FDA says no and explains why.

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Betty for Schools take on period taboos

News Jun 20, 2017

New research suggests girls are missing out on school sports due to period worries – but that's about to change



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Monday, June 19, 2017

Yoga Similar to Physical Therapy in Helping Low-Back Pain in a Diverse Urban Population

Three women practicing yoga

NCCIH-funded study shows yoga and physical therapy offer similar pain-relief and functional benefits to people with low socioeconomic status with chronic low-back pain.



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Poor adolescent diet may influence brain and behavior in adulthood

Adolescent male mice fed a diet lacking omega-3 fatty acids show increased anxiety-like behavior and worse performance on a memory task in adulthood, according to new research.

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Treating autism by targeting the gut

Therapies to change the bacteria in the gut, through diet, pro-and prebiotic supplements, fecal matter transplants or antibiotics, could treat autism. A review of six decades of research linking the gut to brain development could pave the way for cheap and effective treatment.

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Grape-based compounds kill colon cancer stem cells in mice

Compounds from grapes may kill colon cancer stem cells both in a petri dish and in mice, according to a team of researchers.

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Friday, June 16, 2017

Genes and the environment? Factors, patterns that lead to childhood obesity risk

A factor that has been linked to childhood obesity is restrictive feeding practices by primary caregivers, the implication being that it may interfere with a child's ability to learn to self-regulate food intake. When a child is overweight, parents tend to use more controlling, restrictive feeding practices. A new study is showing that a child's genetics, related to emotion and cognition, may also play a role in this pattern.

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Global diet and farming methods 'must change for environment's sake'

Reducing meat consumption and using more efficient farming methods globally are essential to stave off irreversible damage to the environmental, a new study says. The research also found that future increases in agricultural sustainability are likely to be driven by dietary shifts and increases in efficiency, rather than changes between food production systems.

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Thursday, June 15, 2017

Breast Cancer in Men: Treatments and Genetic Counseling

Breast cancer in men tends to be diagnosed at an older age and a later stage, but is treated very similarly to breast cancer in women.

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Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Gluten-free beer from Witkop teff grains

For celiac patients and others on gluten-free diets, it seems like gluten is everywhere -- cakes, cookies and breads. It's even in most beers. But now, a team reports that beers made with Witkop teff grains may be a good alternative to traditionally brewed barley beers.

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Molecular pilot light prepares body's heating system for the cold

Researchers detail a molecule that acts as a molecular pilot light required to turn on the brown fat furnace. Brown fat burns sugar and fat to produce radiant heat in the body. These cells are of interest because some of the sugar and fat they burn is stored in the body and might otherwise lead to increases in white fat, the form that increases in obesity.

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Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Major new appetite regulator successfully manipulated in mice

A new link between certain brain receptors and obesity has been identified by researchers, giving a possible new drug target for appetite regulation.

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Poor diet, plus Alzheimer's gene, may fuel disease

Mice carrying a genetic risk factor for the disease quickly developed brain plaques after 12 weeks on a poor diet, research indicates.

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Traditional treatment is better for iron-deficiency anemia, clinical trial shows

A clinical trial compared new and traditional treatments for iron-deficiency anemia and determined that the traditional treatment, ferrous sulfate, can more effectively treat the anemia in young children.

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Body contouring is only for the rich and insured

Only a small percentage of obese patients who have undergone bariatric surgery to help them control their weight follow up this procedure with further plastic surgery to reshape their bodies and remove excess rolls of skin. Such body contouring surgery is generally only affordable to patients with adequate insurance and income.

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Monday, June 12, 2017

Healthy diet? That depends on your genes

Shifts in the diets of Europeans after the introduction of farming 10,000 years ago led to genetic adaptations that favored the dietary trends of the time, new research indicates. The study has implications for the growing field of nutritional genomics, called nutrigenomics. Based on one's ancestry, clinicians may one day tailor each person's diet to her or his genome to improve health and prevent disease.

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The secrets of tooth calcium revealed

Two studies on calcium isotopes in teeth have provided new insights into both the extinction of the marine reptiles and weaning age in humans. The findings open new avenues for research in anthropology and paleontology, say researchers.

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Western diet increases Alzheimer's pathology in genetically predisposed mice

Obese mice with a particular version of a gene strongly associated with Alzheimer's disease in humans show increased Alzheimer's pathology, according to new research.

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Vegetarian diets almost twice as effective in reducing body weight, study finds

Dieters who go vegetarian not only lose weight more effectively than those on conventional low-calorie diets but also improve their metabolism by reducing muscle fat, a new study has found.

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More than 2 billion people overweight or obese, new study finds

Globally, more than 2 billion children and adults suffer from health problems related to being overweight or obese, and an increasing percentage of people die from these health conditions, according to a new study.

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Fasting glucose as a marker for greater weight loss on a high-fiber, low-glycemic diet

A Preliminary study finds that study participants with high fasting plasma glucose lost more weight than those with low fasting plasma glucose when following a high-fiber, low-glycemic load diet.

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Underweight female runners more likely to get stress fractures

Female runners who are underweight have a higher risk for injury and take longer to heal, according to a new study. A researcher studied dozens of Division I athletes over three years and found that those with a body mass index of 19 or below were likely to develop stress fractures because their bodies are unable to handle the constant pounding of running.

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Sunday, June 11, 2017

Is the finger-stick blood test necessary for type 2 diabetes treatment?

Blood glucose testing does not offer a significant advantage in blood sugar control or quality of life for type 2 diabetes patients who are not treated with insulin, suggests new research.

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Cash for weight loss

A new study has shown that selling rewards programs to participants entering a weight loss program is a low cost strategy to increase both the magnitude and duration of weight loss.

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Friday, June 9, 2017

Dining hall intervention helped college students choose healthier options

As most college students' diets are low in fruits and vegetables and high in calories, sugar, fat, and sodium, researchers created a cross-sectional study to examine whether messaging encouraging fruit, vegetable, and water intake could influence the habits of university students.

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Thursday, June 8, 2017

Does consuming low-fat dairy increase the risk of Parkinson's disease?

Consuming at least three servings of low-fat dairy a day is associated with a greater risk of developing Parkinson's disease compared to consuming less than one serving a day, according to a large study.

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Pregnancy diet high in refined grains could increase kids' obesity by age 7

Children born to women with gestational diabetes whose diet included high proportions of refined grains may have a higher risk of obesity by age 7, compared to children born to women with gestational diabetes who ate low proportions of refined grains, according to results of a new study.

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Braces Have Changed, From Metal to Tooth-Colored to Clear

FDA answers your questions about braces and how they've changed.

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Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Showcasing Cutting-Edge Research on Natural Products

NCCIH’s natural products portfolio represents roughly half of our overall extramural funding, so we’re fortunate to be able to host events featuring exciting research in the arena.



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Overweight children are being excluded from friendships, study finds

Overweight children have more unreciprocated friendships and frenemies than their thinner counterparts, a new study has found. In a survey of 504 preteens in the Netherlands, researchers found that overweight children are excluded from friendships, call classmates friends when the feeling is not mutual and are disliked by peers. And overweight children dislike more classmates than their thinner peers. These heightened negative relationships take a mental, social and physical toll.

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Prebiotics reduce body fat in overweight children

There may soon be a new tool in the fight against childhood obesity. Prebiotics reduce body fat in children who are overweight or obese by altering their gut microbiota, according to new research. Prebiotics are non-digestible food ingredients (such as fiber) that act as fertilizers to help stimulate the growth of good bacteria already in the gut, different from probiotics, which introduce new bacteria into the system.

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Small group of neurons modulates the amount of insulin that the pancreas must produce

A new study emphasizes the importance of the neuronal mechanisms in the detection of nutrients and the control of glucose levels. The results help to understand diabetes in greater detail.

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Standard dosage for one lung cancer treatment may be too high

The customary pembrolizumab dose for treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer may be higher than is needed for effective treatment, conclude researchers.

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Tuesday, June 6, 2017

Is white or whole wheat bread 'healthier?' Depends on the person

Despite many studies looking at which bread is the healthiest, it is still not clear what effect bread and differences among bread types have on clinically relevant parameters and on the microbiome. Researchers report the results of a comprehensive, randomized trial in 20 healthy subjects comparing differences in how processed white bread and artisanal whole wheat sourdough affect the body.

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Drinking diet beverages during pregnancy linked to child obesity, study suggests

Children born to women who had gestational diabetes and drank at least one artificially sweetened beverage per day during pregnancy were more likely to be overweight or obese at age 7, compared to children born to women who had gestational diabetes and drank water instead of artificially sweetened beverages, according to a study.

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Flu shot less effective for obese adults

Although influenza vaccines are currently the best forms of protection to safeguard people against the flu, they are not effective in all cases. A study found that obese people -- despite getting their shots -- were still twice as likely to develop influenza or flu-like illnesses than others of healthy weight.

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Starving prostate cancer with what you eat: Apple peels, red grapes, turmeric

When you dine on curry and baked apples, enjoy the fact that you are eating something that could play a role starving -- or even preventing -- cancer. New research identifies several natural compounds found in food, including turmeric, apple peels and red grapes, as key ingredients that could thwart the growth of prostate cancer.

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Stem cells may be the key to staying strong in old age

A new study, performed in mice, could lead to new approaches to help people stay stronger in old age. The study challenges conventional wisdom with results suggesting that loss of muscle stem cells is the main driving force behind muscle decline in old age.

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Take a coffee or tea break to protect your liver

Researchers found that drinking coffee and herbal tea may protect against liver fibrosis, estimated as the degree of liver stiffness, which is high in extensive scarring of the liver. Because these beverages are popular, widely available, and inexpensive, they could have the potential to become important in the prevention of advanced liver disease.

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Outsmarting Poison Ivy and Other Poisonous Plants

Poison ivy and other poisonous plants are a hazard year-round. Here are tips for preventing and treating the itchy rash and blisters.

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Monday, June 5, 2017

Diabetes drug prevents stiffening of heart muscle in obese mouse model

Overconsumption of a Western diet high in fats and refined sugars has contributed to a global increase in obesity and Type 2 diabetes. Obese and diabetic premenopausal women are more at risk of developing heart disease -- even more than men of similar age and with similar health issues. A new study has found that the diabetes medication linagliptin can protect against stiffening of the left ventricle of the heart in overweight female mice.

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Two interventions help improve weight management in children with overweight or obesity

Two interventions that link clinical care with community resources helped improve key health measures in children with overweight or obesity at the outset of the study.

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One in five surgical weight-loss patients take prescription opioids seven years after surgery

While the proportion of adults with severe obesity using prescription opioids initially declines in the months after bariatric surgery, it increases within a matter of years, eventually surpassing pre-surgery rates of patients using the potentially addictive pain medications, according to new research.

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Simple step to protect people with type 1 diabetes against heart disease

One additional injection of insulin three hours after eating has been shown to protect people with type 1 diabetes from cardiovascular disease -- the leading cause of death among people with the condition.

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Mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea is associated with hypertension, diabetes

Preliminary data from two studies suggest that mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea is associated with an increased risk of developing hypertension and diabetes.

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Sunday, June 4, 2017

A mother's age doesn't matter, study suggests

A mother's advanced age at childbirth is not the reason for the elevated risks of low birth weight or preterm birth -- such risks may instead be related to individual circumstances and behavioral patterns of the mother, suggests new research.

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Friday, June 2, 2017

Dairy products a good dietary source of some types of vitamin K

US dairy products are a significant source of the MK form of vitamin K and indicates that MK forms of the nutrient are more present in commonly-consumed foods than previously thought, new research shows.

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Timing meals later at night can cause weight gain and impair fat metabolism

New findings suggest eating late at night could be more dangerous than you think. Compared to eating earlier in the day, prolonged delayed eating can increase weight, insulin and cholesterol levels, and negatively affect fat metabolism, and hormonal markers implicated in heart disease, diabetes and other health problems, according to recent results.

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Thursday, June 1, 2017

Short, high-intensity exercise sessions improve insulin production in type 2 diabetes

Short, functional-movement and resistance training workouts, called functional high-intensity training (F-HIT), may improve beta-cell function in adults with type 2 diabetes, new research shows. Beta cells in the pancreas produce, store and secrete insulin, which allows your body to use sugar for energy. The small study is the first one of its kind to analyze beta-cell function in F-HIT or resistance training.

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Al-Er-G Capsules by MusclMasster: Recall - Contains Banned Substance Ephedra

MusclMasster, LLC recalls Al-Er-G Capsules because the product contained Ephedra Herb, an FDA banned ingredient.



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FTC Sends Additional Refund Checks Totaling Almost $2 Million to People Who Bought Green Coffee Weight-Loss Supplements

Federal Trade Commission mails 38,553 refund checks totaling $1.9 million to people who bought Pure Health or Genesis Today green coffee bean extract supplements.



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Seasonal Allergies: Which Medication is Right for You?

The FDA regulates many products that treat allergies or offer allergy relief. But which will work for you depends on your particular symptoms.

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Allergy Relief for Your Child

Do you have a sneezing, stuffy-nosed child? He or she may have allergies. Learn more about proven treatments for children.

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