Monday, June 18, 2018

Gut microbes may contribute to depression and anxiety in obesity

Like everyone, people with type 2 diabetes and obesity suffer from depression and anxiety, but even more so. Researchers now have demonstrated a surprising potential contributor to these negative feelings -- and that is the bacteria in the gut or gut microbiome, as it is known.

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Friday, June 15, 2018

Foods combining fats and carbohydrates more rewarding than foods with just fats or carbs

Researchers show that the reward center of the brain values foods high in both fat and carbohydrates -- i.e., many processed foods -- more than foods containing only fat or only carbs. A study of 206 adults supports the idea that these kinds of foods hijack our body's inborn signals governing food consumption.

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Thursday, June 14, 2018

Allergen in red meat linked to heart disease

A team of researchers says it has linked sensitivity to an allergen in red meat to the buildup of plaque in the arteries of the heart. While high saturated fat levels in red meat have long been known to contribute to heart disease for people in general, the new finding suggests that a subgroup of the population may be at heightened risk for a different reason -- a food allergen.

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Adolescents who consume diet high in saturated fats may develop poor stress skills

Adolescents who consume a diet high in saturated fats may develop poor stress coping skills, signs of post-traumatic stress disorder as adults.

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Tuesday, June 12, 2018

NIH launches HerbList, a mobile app on herbal products

HerbList

[em]App offers easy access to scientifically backed information on herbs and herbal products[/em]

To help consumers navigate information about popular herbs and herbal supplements, the National Institutes of Health’s National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health has launched HerbList™ – an app for research-based information about the safety and effectiveness of herbal products.



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NIH launches HerbList, a mobile app on herbal products

HerbList

[em]App offers easy access to scientifically backed information on herbs and herbal products[/em]

To help consumers navigate information about popular herbs and herbal supplements, the National Institutes of Health’s National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health has launched HerbList™ – an app for research-based information about the safety and effectiveness of herbal products.



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Monday, June 11, 2018

'Surgery in a pill' a potential treatment for diabetes

Orally administered material temporarily coats the intestine, reduces blood sugar spikes in preclinical study.

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Saturday, June 9, 2018

Kitchen towels could contribute to the growth of potential pathogens that cause food poisoning

Researchers have shown that factors such as family size, type of diet, multi-usage of towels, among other factors, impact the growth of pathogens on kitchen towels, potentially causing food poisoning.

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Friday, June 8, 2018

Consumer food choices can help reduce greenhouse emissions contributing to climate change

Changes in diet have been proposed as a way to reduce carbon emissions from the food system. A new study provides the latest and most comprehensive estimate of greenhouse gas emissions generated by US consumer food purchases, and assesses how those choices could affect diet and climate change.

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Caloric intake and muscle mass at high altitude

New research looks at why a group of young, healthy adults residing at high altitude lost muscle mass while severely underfed and consuming the same high-protein diet that preserved muscle during weight loss at sea level.

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Thursday, June 7, 2018

High vitamin D levels linked to lower cholesterol in children

There is a link between higher serum vitamin D levels and lower plasma cholesterol levels in primary school children, new research shows.

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Prevent Heartworms in Dogs, Cats, and Ferrets Year-Round

Heartworm disease is fatal to pets, but it is also preventable. Learn more about the dangers of heartworm disease and the importance of year-round prevention.

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Wednesday, June 6, 2018

NIH Collaboratory Workshop Discusses Strategies for Future Pragmatic Clinical Trials

In this blog post, Dr. Catherine Meyers discusses a recent workshop on embedded pragmatic clinical trials (PCTs) of therapeutic A vs. B interventions and how they may help bridge the gap between evidence, practice, and policy.



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Tuesday, June 5, 2018

Maternal fatty acid balance affects offspring obesity thorough gut microbial population

A new study finds that the balance between omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids in the tissues of female mammals, which previous research has suggested can impact the incidence of obesity in their offspring, may to do so through its effect on the microbial population of the infant's gastrointestinal tract.

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Monday, June 4, 2018

Medical Devices that Treat Obesity: What to Know

Obesity has been linked to many health problems, including heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure. Treatments for obesity range from healthy eating and exercise to prescription medicine and surgery. In recent years, FDA-regulated medical devices have also played a treatment role. Learn about approved products.

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Brain structure may predict diet success

Differences in the structure of the prefrontal cortex predict an individual's ability to make healthier food choices, according to a new analysis of previous research in healthy men and women. The article suggests an important role of these anatomical markers in decisions that have long-term effects on health and wellbeing.

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Sunday, June 3, 2018

Inefficient fat metabolism a possible cause of overweight

Protracted weight gain can, in some cases, be attributed to a reduced ability to metabolize fat, a new study shows. Sensitive individuals might need more intensive lifestyle changes if they are to avoid becoming overweight and developing type 2 diabetes, claim the researchers, who are now developing means of measuring the ability to break down fat.

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Thursday, May 31, 2018

Insufficient vitamin D linked to miscarriage among women with prior pregnancy loss

Among women planning to conceive after a pregnancy loss, those who had sufficient levels of vitamin D were more likely to become pregnant and have a live birth, compared to women with insufficient levels of the vitamin, according to a recent analysis.

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Wednesday, May 30, 2018

June 4th Lecture to Explore Pain Treatment in Military and Veteran Populations

On Monday, June 4, at 11 a.m., Mary Jo Larson, Ph.D., M.P.A.will discuss “Caring for Our Military: Considering Nondrug Therapies for Pain.” Part of  NCCIH’s Integrative Medicine Research Lecture Series, her talk will take place on the NIH campus in Bethesda, Maryland, and will be streamed live and archived for later viewing at videocast.nih.gov. 



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Monday, May 28, 2018

Most vitamin, mineral supplements not shown to lower heart disease risk

Current research does not show enough evidence that vitamin or mineral supplements are beneficial for preventing or treating heart disease, with the exception of folic acid for reducing stroke risk, according to a review. Current recommendations to adopt healthy diets that are heavy in plant-based foods from which these vitamins are derived naturally should be reinforced.

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Processes in the gut that drive fat build-up around the waist

Research into the role the gut plays in processing and distributing fat could pave the way for the development of personalized treatments for obesity and other chronic diseases within the next decade.

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Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Married couples share risk of developing diabetes

Researchers have discovered a connection between the BMI of one spouse and the other spouse's risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The researchers therefore believe that efforts to detect undiagnosed diabetes and so-called prediabetes should not focus exclusively on the individual, but also on couples and households.

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Shoreside Enterprises Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of 7K and Poseidon 4500 (Extreme 1000 Mg) Due to Presence of Undeclared Sildenafil and Tadalafil

Shoreside Enterprises, Inc. recalls 7K (Lot specific: Lot #RO) and Poseidon 4500 (Extreme 1000 mg) (Lot specific: Lot #20117BL) to the consumer level. due to undeclared Sildenafil and/or Tadalafil.



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Badger Botanicals Recalls Red Suma, Green Suma, Green Hulu 2, And Red Hulu 2 Kratom Supplements Because Of Possible Salmonella Health Risk

Badger Botanicals recalls 250-g pouches of Green Suma, Red Suma, Green Hulu 2, and Red Hulu 2 kratom dietary supplements sold directly to consumers via the company website from January 1st, 2018 to April l 12th, 2018 due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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Experimental drug eases effects of gluten for celiac patients on gluten-free diet

An investigational new drug offers hope of relief for celiac disease patients who are inadvertently exposed to gluten while on a gluten-free diet. Inadvertent exposure to gluten can be a frequent occurrence for celiac patients that triggers symptoms, such as pain in the gut and diarrhea, due to intestinal damage.

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Monday, May 21, 2018

Mediterranean diet may blunt air pollution's ill health effects

Eating a Mediterranean diet may protect people from some of the harm of long-term exposure to air pollution, and reduce their risk of dying from heart attacks, stroke and other causes of death, according to new research.

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5 Tips for a Healthy Vacation

As you plan your next beach vacation, make sure your trip is a healthy one. Consider these five tips on sun safety, medications, contact lenses, tattoos, and eating well.

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Thursday, May 17, 2018

Diabetes researchers find switch for fatty liver disease

Researchers have identified a key fork in the road for the way the liver deals with carbohydrates, fats and protein. They say it could be a promising new target for combating the pandemics of fatty liver disease and prediabetes.

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Wednesday, May 16, 2018

Big data from world's largest citizen science microbiome project serves food for thought

Researchers have published the first major results from the American Gut Project -- a crowdsourced, global citizen science effort. The project is the largest published study to date of the human microbiome -- the unique microbial communities that inhabit our bodies.

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Exercise beats genetics in determining amount of body fat

With obesity now a global epidemic, there is increased focus on risk factors that contribute to weight gain, especially in postmenopausal women. Although many women may blame genetics for their expanding waistlines, a new study shows that as women age they are more likely to overcome genetic predisposition to obesity through exercise.

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Tuesday, May 15, 2018

A high-fiber diet protects mice against the flu virus

Dietary fiber increases survival in influenza-infected mice by setting the immune system at a healthy level of responsiveness, according to a preclinical study published May 15 in the journal Immunity. A high-fiber diet blunts harmful, excessive immune responses in the lungs while boosting antiviral immunity by activating T cells. These dual benefits were mediated by changes in the composition of gut bacteria.

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Omega-3, omega-6 in diet alters gene expression in obesity

A new study reveals that essential fats in the diet may play a role in regulating protein secretion in the muscles by changing the way genes associated with secretion act.

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Monday, May 14, 2018

Very obese women should lose weight during pregnancy for a healthy baby

Very obese women should actually lose weight during pregnancy in order to have a healthy baby, contrary to current recommendations, according to a new study. The researchers behind the study say the current guidelines for weight gain in pregnancy should be adjusted for better outcomes in underweight and very obese women and their babies.

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Friday, May 11, 2018

Healthy diet may lower risk of hearing loss in women

In a new study, researchers examined the relation between three different diets and risk of developing hearing loss, and found that eating a healthy diet is associated with a lower risk of acquired hearing loss in women.

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'Gluten-Free' Means What It Says

The only way to manage celiac disease is to avoid eating foods containing gluten. Learn how FDA's definition of 'gluten free' on food labels makes that possible.

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New link between gut microbiome and artery hardening discovered

The level of diversity of the 'good bacteria' in our digestive systems has been found to be linked to a feature of cardiovascular disease -- hardening of the arteries -- in new research.

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Tuesday, May 8, 2018

Symptoms of osteoarthritis may be lessened with simple changes to the diet

One gram of fish oil a day could help reduce the pain of patients with osteoarthritis, a new study finds. Researchers also found that a reduction of weight for overweight and obese patients and the introduction of exercise tailored to mobility could also help ease the symptoms of osteoarthritis.

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Switching off insatiable hunger

Researchers have successfully treated patients whose obesity is caused by a genetic defect. Aside from its beneficial effects on the patients, the researchers also provided insights into the fundamental signaling pathways regulating satiety of the new drug.

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Next Steps for Research on Probiotics and Microbial-Host Keystone Organisms

Could discoveries about probiotics and the microbiome eventually help us to eat healthier, live longer, and even eliminate some chronic diseases?



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Neural Mechanisms of Manual Therapies for Chronic Pain

In this blog post, Dr. Merav Sabri, of NCCIH’s Division of Extramural Research, discusses the scientific basis for manual therapies and their use in treating chronic pain conditions, and also addresses an NCCIH-sponsored symposium about this at ICIMH on May 11, 2018.



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Next Steps for Research on Probiotics and Microbial-Host Keystone Organisms

Could discoveries about probiotics and the microbiome eventually help us to eat healthier, live longer, and even eliminate some chronic diseases?



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Flexible, wearable oral sodium sensor could help improve hypertension control

For people who have hypertension and certain other conditions, eating too much salt raises blood pressure and increases the likelihood of heart complications. To help monitor salt intake, researchers have developed a flexible and stretchable wireless sensing system designed to be comfortably worn in the mouth to measure the amount of sodium a person consumes.

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Monday, May 7, 2018

Molecule that supports blood-cell production under dietary stress is identified

Researchers report how the Spred1 molecule is involved in hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal. Experiments with mouse models show that under normal conditions, Spred1 acts as a negative regulator, while under diet-induced stress, it protects hematopoietic homeostasis.

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How Many Calories? Keep an Eye on the Menu

FDA's final rule on menu labeling gives consumers the information on calories they need to make informed food choices.

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Very-low-carb diet shows promise in type 1 diabetes

Very-low-carbohydrate diets can improve blood sugar control in type 1 diabetes, with low rates of hypoglycemia and other complications, according to an online patient survey. The researchers now call for controlled clinical trials of this approach.

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Eggs not linked to cardiovascular risk, despite conflicting advice

Eating up to 12 eggs a week does not increase cardiovascular risk factors in people with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, new research finds -- despite conflicting dietary advice continuing around the world.

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Saturday, May 5, 2018

Gut check: Metabolites shed by intestinal microbiota keep inflammation at bay

Researchers have elucidated a mechanism by which 'good' bacteria that reside in our gastrointestinal tract can help protect us from inflammation, and how their disruption (dysbiosis) can increase the susceptibility of the liver to more harmful forms of disease. Their study identified two key metabolites produced by the bacteria in mice that modulate inflammation in the host and could ultimately reduce the severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

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Working together key to weight loss in relationships

Couples who are trying to lose weight could be putting their relationship under strain by using unsuitable strategies to achieve their weight loss goals, a new study suggests.

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Friday, May 4, 2018

Looking Back, Looking Forward: NCCIH at 20

In this blog post, NCCIH Outreach Program Manager Anita McRae-Williams discusses some milestones in NCCIH history, and calls attention to an upcoming retrospective session at the upcoming International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health.



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Unpacking the New NIH Policies for Research with Human Participants

Scientific disciplines can differ on what elements of a study are necessary to meet the definition of a “clinical trial.” Some investigators conducting human subjects research may not know that NIH considers their study to be a clinical trial - - a term defined broadly by NIH as “a research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biom



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Researchers defy biology: Mice remain slim on burger diet

Our bodies are extremely efficient at storing fat from food into our fat tissue. In a new study, researchers have managed to completely block the development of obesity. The researchers deleted an enzyme and made it impossible for mice to increase their amount of fat tissue, despite the mice eating an extremely fatty diet. They are hoping the findings will open new avenues for better treatment of obesity.

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Thursday, May 3, 2018

Looking Back, Looking Forward: NCCIH at 20

In this blog post, NCCIH Outreach Program Manager Anita McRae-Williams discusses some milestones in NCCIH history, and calls attention to an upcoming retrospective session at the upcoming International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health.



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Unpacking the New NIH Policies for Research with Human Participants

Scientific disciplines can differ on what elements of a study are necessary to meet the definition of a “clinical trial.” Some investigators conducting human subjects research may not know that NIH considers their study to be a clinical trial - - a term defined broadly by NIH as “a research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biom



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What the gorilla microbiome tells us about evolution and human health

A study of the microbiomes of wild gorillas and chimpanzees offers insights into the evolution of the human microbiome and might even have implications for human health.

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Wednesday, May 2, 2018

Weight loss surgery may cause significant skeletal health problems

A new review examines the negative impacts of weight loss surgery on bone health.

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Food for thought: Ketogenic diets reduce athletes' anaerobic performance, study finds

Researchers found that after following a ketogenic diet, study participants did not perform as well at anaerobic exercise tasks.

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Vitamin D improves weight gain and brain development in malnourished children

High dose vitamin D supplements improve weight gain and the development of language and motor skills in malnourished children, according to a new study.

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Diet rich in fish and legumes may help delay natural menopause

A diet rich in fish and legumes may help to delay the natural menopause, while high dietary intake of refined carbs, such as pasta and rice, may instead help to hasten it, suggests the first UK study of its kind.

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Tuesday, May 1, 2018

ICIMH Roundtable To Explore Research on Creative Art Therapies

Many current health challenges such as autism, chronic pain, and Alzheimer’s disease have remained largely intractable. Research suggests that a combination of therapeutic approaches will likely be needed to address these complex conditions. Creative art therapies may have a role to play in these multidisciplinary strategies. 



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Symposium To Explore Science of Music, the Brain, and Health

Can music help people feel better? Many of us would like to say, “Of course it can.” But what does the research say? 

The fact is that rigorous, systematic investigation of the impact of music on health—particularly in the areas of management of chronic pain and treatment of opioid-use disorder—is just beginning. 



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Symposium To Explore Science of Music, the Brain, and Health

Can music help people feel better? Many of us would like to say, “Of course it can.” But what does the research say? 

The fact is that rigorous, systematic investigation of the impact of music on health—particularly in the areas of management of chronic pain and treatment of opioid-use disorder—is just beginning. 



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ICIMH Roundtable To Explore Research on Creative Art Therapies

Many current health challenges such as autism, chronic pain, and Alzheimer’s disease have remained largely intractable. Research suggests that a combination of therapeutic approaches will likely be needed to address these complex conditions. Creative art therapies may have a role to play in these multidisciplinary strategies. 



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Do You Vape? See These Tips on How to Keep E-Liquids Away from Children

Accidentally touching or drinking e-liquids can be dangerous and even deadly for young children. So it’s important to handle and store these products carefully, to teach children to stay away from these products, and to be prepared for emergencies. Consider these tips.

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Monday, April 30, 2018

New strategies needed to help healthcare providers gain knowledge to counsel patients on diet

Healthcare providers are willing to counsel heart disease patients on diet but need more educational support.

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Following five healthy lifestyle habits may increase life expectancy by decade or more

Maintaining five healthy habits -- eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, keeping a healthy body weight, not drinking too much alcohol, and not smoking -- during adulthood may add more than a decade to life expectancy, according to a new study.

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Looking Back, Looking Forward: NCCIH at 20

In this blog post, NCCIH Outreach Program Manager Anita McRae-Williams discusses some milestones in NCCIH history, and calls attention to an upcoming retrospective session at the upcoming International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health.



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Obesity may hasten disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Unintentional weight loss also linked with worsening disability, perhaps related to frailty.

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Saturday, April 28, 2018

Unpacking the New NIH Policies for Research with Human Participants

Scientific disciplines can differ on what elements of a study are necessary to meet the definition of a “clinical trial.” Some investigators conducting human subjects research may not know that NIH considers their study to be a clinical trial - - a term defined broadly by NIH as “a research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biom



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Friday, April 27, 2018

Unpacking the New NIH Policies for Research with Human Participants

Scientific disciplines can differ on what elements of a study are necessary to meet the definition of a “clinical trial.” Some investigators conducting human subjects research may not know that NIH considers their study to be a clinical trial - - a term defined broadly by NIH as “a research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biom



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds https://ift.tt/2HBYD58

Looking Back, Looking Forward: NCCIH at 20

In this blog post, NCCIH Outreach Program Manager Anita McRae-Williams discusses some milestones in NCCIH history, and calls attention to an upcoming retrospective session at the upcoming International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health.



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Obesity inhibits key cancer defense mechanism

Obesity could enhance cancer development while aspirin might prevent it -- a new insight into potential targets for cancer prevention.

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Thursday, April 26, 2018

Symposium To Explore "Sixth Sense," Meditation, and Pain

Have you ever thought about what our “sixth sense” is? Can we feel it and regulate it? Does it impact our health?



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Mediterranean diet boosts beneficial bacteria, study finds

Here's another reason to eat a Mediterranean-type diet: it's good for your gut. Scientists have found that eating a plant-based diet enhanced the good bacteria living in the gut by up to 7 percent as compared to only 0.5 percent from eating a more meat-centric, Western diet.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2HybZ6M

Looking Back, Looking Forward: NCCIH at 20

In this blog post, NCCIH Outreach Program Manager Anita McRae-Williams discusses some milestones in NCCIH history, and calls attention to an upcoming retrospective session at the upcoming International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health.



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Consuming protein supplements with meals may work better for weight control

A new systematic review of available evidence indicates that consuming protein supplements with meals may be more effective at promoting weight control than consuming supplements between meals in adults following a resistance training regimen.

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Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Fetal exposure to moderate/high caffeine levels linked to excess childhood weight gain

Exposure to moderate to high caffeine levels while in the womb is linked to excess weight gain in early childhood, suggests a large observational study.

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How People Appraise a Heat Stimulus Affects How Their Autonomic Nervous Systems Respond To It, Study Finds

Steam being released from a red pot as a hand lifts the cover

Results of new NCCIH research shows how a person perceives and evaluates stimuli involving actual or prospective pain is an important component in the autonomic nervous system’s (ANS) response to such stimuli.



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Tuesday, April 24, 2018

What can a tasty milkshake teach us about the genetics of heart disease?

Analysis of high-resolution genomic data in a large study population reveals novel low-frequency polymorphisms that drive response to dietary lipids and medication.

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Heart disease may only be a matter of time for those with healthy obesity

People who are 30 pounds or more overweight may want to slim down a bit even if they don't have high blood pressure or any other heart disease risk, according to scientists.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2HXV2j4

Scientists unearth vital link between fat, immunity and heat regulation

Scientists have discovered a key, previously unknown role for a population of cells that live in our fat -- these cells regulate our body heat and protect us against cold shock. The discovery opens the door to future treatments in which weight loss (or gain) is the desired goal, as activating the pathway involved may stimulate the body to burn (or not burn) white fat.

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New Insights on Pain and Opioid Use in People With Sickle Cell Disease After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant

sickle cell

NIH-funded study offers new information on pain in sickle cell disease, the use of opioids for this pain, and psychological and quality-of-life challenges faced by people with this disease.



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Monday, April 23, 2018

Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., to deliver NCCIH-hosted lecture – Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain – at NIH Monday, April 23 at 11 a.m.



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How People Appraise a Heat Stimulus Affects How Their Autonomic Nervous Systems Respond To It, Study Finds

Results of new NCCIH research shows how a person perceives and evaluates stimuli involving actual or prospective pain is an important component in the autonomic nervous system’s (ANS) response to such stimuli.



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Bias keeps women with higher body weights away from the doctor

The stigma of weight and internalized feelings relating to it were found to be associated with healthcare avoidance in women with higher body weights.

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Pediatric obesity, depression connected in the brain

Early-life obesity and depression may be driven by shared abnormalities in brain regions that process rewards, according to researchers.

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Eating more fish could prevent Parkinson's disease

Parvalbumin, a protein found in great quantities in several different fish species, has been shown to help prevent the formation of certain protein structures closely associated with Parkinson's disease. A new study shines more light on the link between consumption of fish and better long-term neurological health.

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Why zero-calorie sweeteners can still lead to diabetes, obesity

Increased awareness of the health consequences of eating too much sugar has fueled a dramatic uptick in the consumption of zero-calorie artificial sweeteners in recent decades. However, new research finds sugar replacements can also cause health changes that are linked with diabetes and obesity, suggesting that switching from regular to diet soda may be a case of 'out of the frying pan, into the fire.'

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Saturday, April 21, 2018

New method to discover drugs to treat epilepsy

For more than a third of children living with epilepsy, the currently approved medications do not stop their seizures. Researchers have developed a new drug screening method to discover drugs to treat epilepsy.

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Novel antioxidant makes old blood vessels seem young again

Older adults who take an antioxidant that specifically targets mitochondria see age-related changes in blood vessels reverse by the equivalent of 15 to 20 years within six weeks, a new study shows.

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Fat cells seem to remember unhealthy diet

Fat cells can be damaged in a short amount of time when they are exposed to the fatty acid palmitate or the hormone TNF-alpha through a fatty diet, a new study shows. The researchers hope this new knowledge may be used to develop new preventive strategies for diabetes.

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DOR protein deficiency favors the development of obesity

Deficiency in the protein DOR (also called TP53INP2) stimulates the generation of new adipose cells (which store fat) and leads to a less harmful kind of obesity, according to a new study.

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People waste nearly a pound of food daily

Americans waste nearly a pound of food per person each day, but the exact amount of food we trash differs by how healthy your diet is. Between 2007-2014, consumers wasted nearly 150,000 tons of food per day. Researchers estimate that food waste corresponded with the use of 30 million acres of land (7 percent of total US cropland) and 4.2 trillion gallons of water annually. Higher quality diets were associated with higher levels of food waste.

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Weight-loss surgery improves lives and saves money, study finds

A new study indicates that weight-loss surgery is cost-effective over 10 years and can save healthcare systems money over a lifetime.

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Friday, April 20, 2018

Certain Kratom-Containing Powder Products by Viable Solutions: Recall -Possible Salmonella Contamination

Viable Solutions is recalling Kratom-containing powder products due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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NxtGen Botanicals Maeng Da Kratom by NGB Corp.: Recall - Possible Salmonella Contamination

NGB Corp. recalls NxtGen Botanicals Maeng Da Kratom bottles of encapsulated product due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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Viable Solutions, LLC Recalls Certain Kratom-Containing Powder Products Because of Possible Health Risk

Viable Solutions of Nampa, ID recalls some Kratom-containing powder products, due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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Thursday, April 19, 2018

Pregnant moms and their offspring should limit added sugars in their diets to protect childhood cognition

A new study has determined that poorer childhood cognition occurred, particularly in memory and learning, when pregnant women or their offspring consumed greater quantities of sugar. Substituting diet soda for sugar-sweetened versions during pregnancy also appeared to have negative effects. However, children's fruit consumption had beneficial effects and was associated with higher cognitive scores.

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Dogs could be more similar to humans than we thought

Dog and human gut microbiomes have more similar genes and responses to diet than we previously thought, according to a new study

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The bugs in your gut could make you weak in the knees

Scientists have long thought that osteoarthritis in people who are obese was a consequence of excess wear and tear on joints, but a new study suggests that the microbiome is the culprit. The study shows that a high fat diet (like the Western diet) can alter gut microbes, increase inflammation throughout the body, and speed deterioration of joints. An interesting twist: a common dietary supplement overturned these effects in mice.

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Obesity linked with higher chance of developing rapid, irregular heart rate

People with obesity are more likely to develop a rapid and irregular heart rate, called atrial fibrillation, which can lead to stroke, heart failure and other complications, according to Penn State researchers. They found that people with obesity had a 40 percent higher chance of developing atrial fibrillation than people without obesity.

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Nutrizone Recalls Various Lots of Multiple Dietary Supplements Because of Possible Salmonella Health Risk

Nutrizone, LLC expands recall of various kratom products.



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Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Why is it harder for females to gain weight?

Why is it harder for females to gain weight? A new study proposes that part of the answer may be in the brain.

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Tuesday, April 17, 2018

Statins save lives of people with high levels of LDL cholesterol

Cholesterol-lowering drugs are more likely to save thousands of additional lives when used in people with higher levels of LDL cholesterol, or 'bad' cholesterol, according to a new study.

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Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

What: Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., an internist and health services researcher at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs (VA) Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, and an associate professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota, will present “Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain.”



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Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

What: Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., an internist and health services researcher at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs (VA) Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, and an associate professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota, will present “Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain.”



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds https://ift.tt/2vnjEyN

Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

What: Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., an internist and health services researcher at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs (VA) Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, and an associate professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota, will present “Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain.”



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Epic Products, LLC, Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of All Lots of Euphoric Capsules Due to Presence of Undeclared Sildenafil and Tadalafil

Epic Products, LLC voluntarily recalls all lots of Euphoric capsules due to contamination with undeclared sildenafil and tadalafil.



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'Rhino 69 Extreme 50000' Recalled due to Presence of Active Ingredient 'Tadalafil'

AMA Wholesale Inc. recalls Rhino 69 Extreme 50000 capsules due to contamination with undeclared tadalafil.



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Monday, April 16, 2018

NCCIH Presentations at the 2018 International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health

In this blog post Dr. Emmeline Edwards describes NCCIH participation at the 2018 International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health conference.



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People with Type 2 diabetes who eat breakfast later, more likely to have a higher BMI

Being an "evening person" is linked to higher body mass indices among people with Type 2 diabetes, and having breakfast later in the day seems to be what drives this association, according to a new article.

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Mind and Body Approaches for Substance Use Disorders

Meditation

Are any complementary health approaches effective ways to treat substance use disorders? See what the evidence says.



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Maternal metabolic factors and early-onset puberty

In a study of more than 15,000 girls and their mothers maternal overweight and hyperglycemia were linked to the earlier onset of puberty in girls 6 to 11 years old. Early puberty has been linked to multiple adverse health developments as girls grow up.

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Friday, April 13, 2018

Mind and Body Approaches for Substance Use Disorders

Meditation

Are any complementary health approaches effective ways to treat substance use disorders? See what the evidence says.



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5 Things To Know About Mind and Body Approaches for Substance Use Disorders

Mind and body approaches, such as mindfulness-based interventions, have shown some success when used along with the treatment of substance abuse and addiction. Mindfulness-based approaches, in part, attempt to decrease the impact of negative mood, which is thought to serve as a trigger for substance use. Mind and body approaches can be part of a comprehensive addiction treatment plan that includes behavioral modifications, and may include pharmaceuticals to decrease cravings, group therapy, or counseling.



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Thursday, April 12, 2018

Why alcohol, sugar lead to thirst

Researchers have identified a hormone that acts on the brain to increase the desire to drink water in response to specific nutrient stresses that can cause dehydration.

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Study explores carbohydrates' impact on head, neck cancers

Consuming high amounts of carbohydrates and various forms of sugar during the year prior to treatment for head and neck cancer may increase patients' risks of cancer recurrence and mortality, a new study reports. However, eating moderate amounts of fats and starchy foods such as whole grains, potatoes and legumes after treatment could have protective benefits, reducing patients' risks of disease recurrence and death.

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Wednesday, April 11, 2018

Club 13 Recalls Kratom Maeng Da Red Powder and Capsules Because of Possible Health Risk

Club 13 recalling Maeng Da Red kratom powder orders due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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Surprising discovery: Sweet tooth gene connected with less body fat

Last year researchers discovered that a particular craving for sweet things may be determined by a genetic variation. Now the researchers have discovered that people with this genetic disposition for a sweet tooth have less body fat.

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Specific bacteria in the small intestine are crucial for fat absorption

A new study -- one of a few to concentrate on microbes in the upper gastrointestinal tract -- shows how the typical calorie-dense western diet can induce expansion of microbes that promote the digestion and absorption of high-fat foods. Over time, the steady presence of these microbes can lead to over-nutrition and obesity.

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Weight loss is an important predictor of cancer

Unintended weight loss is the second highest risk factor for some forms of cancer, concludes the first robust research analysis to examine the association.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2v3mPvF

Maeng Da Red Powder and Capsules by Club 13: Recall - Possible Contamination With Salmonella

Club 13 is recalling:  

15-gram, 30-gram, 90-gram, 150-gram, and 454-gram pouches, and all bulk orders of “Maeng Da Red” kratom powder, lot # MRMD012618

5-count, 25-count, 50-count, 100-count, 120-count capsule, and all bulk capsule orders of “Maeng Da Red” kratom bottles, marked with the following lot numbers on the bottom left side: MRMD013018, MRMD013118, MRMD020118, MRMD020518, MRMD022318, MRMD022718, MRMD030118, MRMD030218, and MRMD030618.



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Tuesday, April 10, 2018

NCCIH's SBIR/STTR Programs: Funding Small Business Research and Development

In this blog post Dr. Merav Sabri discusses funding opportunities for small businesses – the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs.



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NCCIH's SBIR/STTR Programs: Funding Small Business Research and Development

In this blog post Dr. Merav Sabri discusses funding opportunities for small businesses – the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs.



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds https://ift.tt/2FgVGGV

Independent Nutrition, Inc Issues Allergy Alert On Undeclared Milk in Ignite Pre-Workout Supplement Products

Independent Nutrition Inc, dba Back to Health recalls certain lots of the Ignite High Endurance Pre-Workout Supplement products because it may contain undeclared milk.



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Advocare Issues Allergy Alert in Select Bottles of Muscle Strength and Nighttime Recovery Product Because of Undeclared Milk Allergen on The Label

AdvoCare International voluntarily issues recall of Muscle Strength, Nighttime Recovery dietary supplements.



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Monday, April 9, 2018

Binge-eating mice reveal obesity clues

Mice fed on a high-fat or chocolate-based diet show abnormal feeding behaviors such as snacking, bingeing and disrupted eating patterns, according to new research. The findings help to explain the behavioral triggers leading to obesity and point towards new ideas for preventing weight gain.

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How fat tissue shunts energy to tumors

Researchers recently discovered that that inactivation of a protein called p62 in fat cells fuels aggressive, metastatic prostate cancer in mice. The findings suggest that mTOR inhibitors currently used to treat a wide range of cancers may have the unintended consequence of shutting down fat tissue metabolism and fueling tumor growth.

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Sunday, April 8, 2018

Study found people would rather pop a pill or sip tea than exercise to treat high blood pressure

Survey respondents were more likely to choose a daily cup of tea or a pill over exercise to 'treat' high blood pressure in an imaginary scenario, but many didn't think the interventions were worth the benefits. When the perceived gain of treating hypertension was higher -- one or five extra years of life versus one extra month, for example -- survey respondents were more likely to say they would.

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Thursday, April 5, 2018

Eating less enables lemurs to live longer

Chronic caloric restriction strongly increases the lifespan of a small primate, the grey mouse lemur. This is one of the results of a ten-year experiment. Chronic caloric restriction consists in eating a reduced but balanced diet from the outset of early adulthood. Its beneficial effect on lifespan had been established for many short-lived species (worms, flies, mice), but remained controversial for primates, including humans.

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Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Obesity impacts liver health in kids as young as 8 years old

A new study found that weight gain, obesity can put children as young as age 8 at risk for a serious liver disease.

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FTC Sending Refund Checks Totaling More Than $355,000 to Consumers Who Bought CogniPrin ‘Memory Improvement’ Supplement

Federal Trade Commission is mailing refund checks to people who bought CogniPrin, a deceptively marketed ‘memory improvement’ supplement.



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Dietary Supplements by Nutrizone: Recall - Potential for Salmonella Contamination

FDA issues recall order for food products containing powdered kratom manufactured, processed, packed, or held by Triangle Pharmanaturals LLC due to possible salmonella contamination.



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Timing of stress-hormone pulses controls weight gain

New research provides the first molecular understanding of why people gain weight due to chronic stress, disrupted circadian rhythms and treatment with glucocorticoid drugs: it's all in the timing of the dips and rises of a class of hormones called glucocorticoids -- predominantly the 'stress hormone' cortisol, according to a new study.

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Smokers have worse diets than non-smokers

Smokers have worse quality diets than former smokers or non-smokers, according to a new study.

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Dietary Supplements by Nutrizone: Recall - Potential for Salmonella Contamination

FDA issues recall order for food products containing powdered kratom manufactured, processed, packed, or held by Triangle Pharmanaturals LLC due to possible salmonella contamination.



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Kratom-containing Products by Triangle Pharmanaturals: Mandatory Recall - Risk of Salmonella

FDA issues mandatory recall order for all food products containing powdered kratom manufactured, processed, packed, or held by Triangle Pharmanaturals LLC due to Salmonella contamination.



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Tuesday, April 3, 2018

How to fight side effects of hormone therapy for prostate cancer

Men on hormone therapy for prostate cancer may benefit significantly from hitting the gym with fellow patients and choosing more veggies and fewer cheeseburgers, a new study suggests.

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Sulfur amino acid restriction could amount to new dietary approach to health

The longevity and health improvements seen in animals on sulfur amino acid-restricted diets could translate to people, according to researchers who recently conducted a review of published studies. More research is needed to confirm the benefits in people, the scientists said.

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Pasta can be part of a healthy diet without packing on the pounds

Carbohydrates get a lot of bad press and blame for the obesity epidemic, but a new study suggests that this negative attention may not be deserved for pasta.

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Monday, April 2, 2018

Analysis of Data on the Prevalence and Pharmacologic Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis Pain

 foot pain plantar fasciitis

Data analysis from a large, national survey provides insights into factors associated with plantar fasciitis and its pharmaceutical treatment.



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Eating more protein may not benefit older men

A randomized, clinical trial has found that higher protein intake did not increase lean body mass, muscle performance, physical function or other well-being measures among older men.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2pWnqJE

Links between eating red meat and distal colon cancer in women

A new study suggests that a diet free from red meat significantly reduces the risk of a type of colon cancer in women living in the United Kingdom. When comparing the effects of certain diets to cancer development in specific subsites of the colon, scientists found that those regularly eating red meat compared to a red meat-free diet had higher rates of distal colon cancer -- cancer found on the descending section of the colon, where faeces is stored.

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Friday, March 30, 2018

Fungi found in the guts of healthy adults just travel through

Fungi found in the gastrointestinal tracts of healthy adults are largely transient and stem from the mouth or foods recently consumed, according to new research.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2GJT47O

Can a Mediterranean diet pattern slow aging?

A series of six articles finds new correlations between a Mediterranean diet and healthy aging outcomes -- while also underscoring the need for careful approaches to the use of data in order to measure the diet's potential benefits.

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Canada–US Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) increased caloric intake in Canada

A new study shows that the 1989 Canada-US Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) was associated with an increase in caloric availability of approximately 170 kilocalories per person per day in Canada. These findings suggest that the rise in caloric intake and obesity in Canada since the early 1990s can be partially attributed to its close trade and investment arrangements with the US.

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Just one high-fat meal sets the perfect stage for heart disease

A single high-fat milkshake, with a fat and calorie content similar to some enticing restaurant fare, can quickly transform our healthy red blood cells into small, spiky cells that wreak havoc inside our blood vessels and help set the perfect stage for cardiovascular disease, scientists report.

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Thursday, March 29, 2018

Seasonal Allergies: Which Medication is Right for You?

The FDA regulates many products that treat allergies or offer allergy relief. But which will work for you depends on your particular symptoms.

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The connection between diet, obesity, and cancer: Nutrition experts explore the evidence

About one third of cancer cases are estimated to be linked to dietary and other modifiable risk factors, especially for obesity-related cancers such as breast, colorectal, ovarian, endometrial, kidney, gallbladder, esophageal, and pancreatic cancers.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2E6TWxW

Wednesday, March 28, 2018

Mandatory nutrition policies may impact sugar consumption

Mandatory nutrition policies could be a valuable tool in helping high school students to lower their sugar intake, a new study has found.

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Relationship changes after bariatric surgery

Individuals who have undergone bariatric surgery have a higher probability of getting married, separating from their partner or getting divorced, according to a new study.

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Tuesday, March 27, 2018

BIABooster: A more sensitive device for characterizing DNA in blood circulation

BIABooster technology can characterize DNA with new precision and sensitivity. When used to analyze residual DNA circulating in the blood, it has identified promising signatures for monitoring patients with cancer.

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Obesity is shifting cancer to young adults

Researchers have compiled evidence from more than 100 publications to show how obesity increases risk of 13 different cancers in young adults. The meta-analysis describes how obesity has shifted certain cancers to younger age groups, and intensified cellular mechanisms promoting the diseases.

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Care providers' understanding of obesity treatment is limited

Despite the high prevalence of obesity among US adults, provision of recommended treatments for obesity remains low.

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Sulfur amino acid restriction diet triggers new blood vessel formation in mice

Putting mice on a diet containing low amounts of the essential amino acid methionine triggered the formation of new blood vessels in skeletal muscle, according to a new study. The finding adds insight to previous research showing that a methionine-restricted diet extends lifespan and healthspan, suggesting that improved vascular function may contribute to these benefits.

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Monday, March 26, 2018

Tamarack Inc. Recalls Eclipse Kratom Because of Possible Salmonella Contamination

Tamarack Inc. of Roy, Utah, voluntarily recalls Eclipse Kratom-containing powder products due to possible contamination with Salmonella.



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Saturday, March 24, 2018

Calorie restriction trial in humans suggests benefits for age-related disease

One of the first studies to explore the effects of calorie restriction on humans showed that cutting caloric intake by 15 percent for two years slowed aging and metabolism and protected against age-related disease. The study found that calorie restriction decreased systemic oxidative stress, which has been tied to age-related neurological conditions such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, as well as cancer, diabetes, and others.

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Tai Chi Has Similar or Greater Benefits Than Aerobic Exercise for Fibromyalgia, Study Shows

Woman doing tai chi on grass

New research suggests practicing tai chi is a therapeutic option for people with fibromyalgia.



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Mind and Body Approaches for Chronic Pain

Back Pain

Some mind and body approaches may provide modest positive effects to help people manage daily variations in chronic pain; find out more here.



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Music and the Brain: Report on an NIH/Kennedy Center Workshop

Music senior and child

Collaborative workshop – the Sound Health initiative – convened by the National Institutes of Health and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts – focused on the use of music therapy in health settings.



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Tai Chi Has Similar or Greater Benefits Than Aerobic Exercise for Fibromyalgia, Study Shows

Woman doing tai chi on grass

New research suggests practicing tai chi is a therapeutic option for people with fibromyalgia.



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds https://ift.tt/2G8qo4w

Mind and Body Approaches for Chronic Pain

Back Pain

Some mind and body approaches may provide modest positive effects to help people manage daily variations in chronic pain; find out more here.



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds https://ift.tt/2pGCD1x

Friday, March 23, 2018

Music and the Brain: Report on an NIH/Kennedy Center Workshop

Music senior and child

Collaborative workshop – the Sound Health initiative – convened by the National Institutes of Health and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts – focused on the use of music therapy in health settings.



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds http://ift.tt/2IP53PC

Searching for long-term success in weight management? Forget dieting and eat regularly

Early adulthood is particularly critical for putting on weight. According to a recent study common factors among young women and men who succeeded in managing their weight in the long term included eating regularly rather than dieting.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pA6fhP

PDX Aromatics Issues Second Expanded Recall of Kratom Products Because of Possible Health Risk

PDX Aromatics, DBA Kraken Kratom, Phytoextractum, and Soul Speciosa, expand scope of voluntary recalls.



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New study elucidates link between PCOS and anxiety

Maternal obesity and androgen excess induce sex-specific anxiety in the offspring, according to a study on mice. The findings may help explain why children born to mothers with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have increased risk of developing anxiety later in life.

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More than 2,500 cancer cases a week could be avoided

More than 135,500 cases of cancer a year in the UK could be prevented through lifestyle changes, according to new figures.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pz6Wb4

Tai Chi Has Similar or Greater Benefits Than Aerobic Exercise for Fibromyalgia, Study Shows

Woman doing tai chi on grass

New research suggests practicing tai chi is a therapeutic option for people with fibromyalgia.



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Thursday, March 22, 2018

Obesity surgery linked to positive outcomes in very obese teens with diabetes

This study is the first to compare glycemic control in two groups of very obese adolescents with type 2 diabetes.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2ugVCF4

Two genes likely play key role in extreme nausea and vomiting during pregnancy

A new study has identified two genes associated with hyperemesis gravidarum, whose cause has not been determined in previous studies. The genes, known as GDF15 and IGFBP7, are both involved in the development of the placenta and play important roles in early pregnancy and appetite regulation.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pw1Zzx

Wednesday, March 21, 2018

Middle-aged tooth loss linked to increased coronary heart disease risk

Losing two or more teeth during middle age is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. Having fewer natural teeth by middle age is linked to higher cardiovascular disease risk.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2Gfkhif

Mono-unsaturated fats from plants, not animals may reduce risk of death from heart disease and other causes

Diets rich in mono-unsaturated fats from plants may lower the risk of death from heart disease and other causes. The largest reductions in the risk of death were found when healthy fats from plant sources replaced saturated fats, trans fats and refined carbohydrates.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2DKu0Ic

Mind and Body Approaches for Chronic Pain

Back Pain

Some mind and body approaches may provide modest positive effects to help people manage daily variations in chronic pain; find out more here.



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Freezing hunger-signaling nerve may help ignite weight loss

Freezing the nerve that carries hunger signals to the brain may help patients with mild-to-moderate obesity lose weight, according to a newly presented study. The treatment was determined safe and feasible in the initial pilot phase.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2u7H1Mj

Western diet depletes artery-protecting immune cells

New research shows how a diet high in fat and cholesterol depletes the ranks of artery-protecting immune cells, turning them into promoters of inflammation, which exacerbate atherosclerotic plaque buildup that occurs in cardiovascular disease.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2puJQCe

Cold can activate body's 'good' fat at a cellular level, study finds

Lower temperatures can activate the body's 'good' fat formation at a cellular level, a new study has found.

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Tuesday, March 20, 2018

How obesity dulls the sense of taste

Previous studies have indicated that weight gain can reduce one's sensitivity to the taste of food. Now a new study shows that inflammation, driven by obesity, actually reduces the number of taste buds on the tongues of mice.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2IDkqdO

Parenting and personality work together to affect baby's weight gain

The more mothers use food to soothe their babies, the more weight certain babies gained, according to researchers. The effect was only seen in babies with a surgent temperament -- characterized by being more outgoing, active and drawn to new things and people, putting these children at a risk for obesity later on.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2ptlhEW

High consumption of red and processed meat linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance

World meat consumption has increased during the last decades, and evidence is mounting that high consumption of red and mainly processed meat is unhealthy to humans and is related to chronic diseases such as cancer, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. A new study adds non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to the list.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2DHDwM6

Monday, March 19, 2018

Fasting diets reduce important risk factor for cardiovascular disease

Intermittent energy restriction diets, such as the 5:2 diet, clears fat from the blood quicker after eating meals than daily calorie restriction diets – reducing an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, a new study reports.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2DEawVu

Fish the primary source of nutrition in medieval Northern Ostrobothnia

Researchers investigated the diet of people buried in the Ii Hamina, Northern Finland, cemetery from the 15th to the 17th centuries by analysing isotopes in the bones of the deceased. Isotopes preserve information on the various nutrient sources used by humans during their lifetime. A study reveals that the dominant protein source was small fish, such as roach or Baltic herring.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FVGtdP

In children with obesity, impulsivity may be linked with greater weight loss when treated

Children with obesity may be more impulsive than those with normal weight, but during family-based behavioral treatment (FBT), the more impulsive of children with obesity may lose more weight, a new study suggests.

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High omega-6 levels can protect against premature death

Could omega-6 fatty acids protect you against premature death? The answer is yes, according to a new study. While protecting against death, omega-6 fatty acids also keep cardiovascular diseases at bay. “Linoleic acid is the most common polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid. We discovered that the higher the blood linoleic acid level, the smaller the risk of premature death,” says one of the researchers.

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Experimental obesity drug prevents development of kidney stones

Scientists have found that a drug connected with fat regulation prevents the formation of kidney stones in mice. This early work opens the possibility of developing drugs which may help prevent kidney stones in at-risk individuals.

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Fish accounted for surprisingly large part of the Stone Age diet

New research can now show what Stone Age people actually ate in southern Scandinavia 10 000 years ago. The importance of fish in the diet has proven to be greater than expected. So, if you want to follow a Paleo diet -- you should quite simply eat a lot of fish.

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Sunday, March 18, 2018

E-cigarettes may lead to accumulation of fat in the liver

Using e-cigarettes may lead to an accumulation of fat in the liver, a study of mice exposed to the devices suggests.

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New diabetes drug may help people with obesity lose weight

A compound that mimics a naturally occurring hormone that regulates appetite may help people who have obesity but not diabetes to lose weight, a new study suggests.

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Race, pre-pregnancy BMI may help predict maternal weight gain

Race and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) both affect leptin and adiponectin levels, and leptin levels in mid-pregnancy may be an important predictor of weight gain during pregnancy, new research suggests.

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Breastfeeding may protect high-birthweight infants from childhood obesity

Breastfeeding may protect high-birthweight infants from having overweight or obesity as children, new research suggests.

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Overeating during breastfeeding may affect the health of offspring

Mothers who overeat during the period when they are breastfeeding may have children who are at increased risk of becoming obese and going through early puberty, a new study of mice suggests. Early puberty may lead to increased risk of diabetes or reproductive problems later in life, according to the research.

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High-energy breakfast promotes weight loss

In patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes, a meal schedule that includes a high-energy breakfast promotes weight loss, improves diabetes and decreases the need for insulin, new research reports.

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Consuming low-calorie sweeteners may predispose overweight individuals to diabetes

Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners could promote metabolic syndrome and predispose people to prediabetes and diabetes, particularly in individuals with obesity, a new study on human fat-derived stem cells and fat samples suggests.

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Mediterranean diet is linked to higher muscle mass, bone density after menopause

The heart-healthy Mediterranean diet also appears to be good for an older woman's bones and muscles, a new study of postmenopausal women in Brazil finds.

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Saturday, March 17, 2018

Study of nearly 300,000 people challenges the 'obesity paradox'

The idea that it might be possible to be overweight or obese but not at increased risk of heart disease, otherwise known as the 'obesity paradox', has been challenged by a study of nearly 300,000 people. The research shows that the risk of heart and blood vessel problems, such as heart attacks, strokes and high blood pressure, increases as body mass index (BMI) increases beyond a BMI of 22-23 kg/m2.

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Friday, March 16, 2018

Virtual coaches, fitness trackers help patients stay fit after cardiac rehab

A 12-week mobile health, or mHealth, program not only kept cardiac rehab patients from losing ground, it appeared to help them maintain and even gain fitness.

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Thursday, March 15, 2018

Artificial sweetener could intensify symptoms in those with Crohn's disease

In a study that has implications for humans with inflammatory diseases, researchers have found that, given over a six-week period, the artificial sweetener sucralose, known by the brand name Splenda, worsens gut inflammation in mice with Crohn's disease, but had no substantive effect on those without the condition.

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Wednesday, March 14, 2018

Smokers at greater risk of hearing loss

Smoking is associated with increased risk of hearing loss, according to a study of over 50,000 participants over eight years.

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Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Molecule that gives energy-burning brown fat its identity could lead to drugs for obesity

A protein found in brown fat, but not typical white fat, is key to how the energy-burning brown fat cells function.

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Toothpaste alone does not prevent dental erosion or hypersensitivity

An analysis of nine toothpastes found that none of them protects enamel or prevents erosive wear. Specialists stress that diet and treatment by a dentist are key to avoid the problems originated by dentin exposure.

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Monday, March 12, 2018

PDX Aromatics Recalls Kratom Powder Because Of Possible Health Risk

Kratom-containing powder products recalled.



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Caloric restriction in combination with low-fat diet helps protect aging mouse brains

New research finds that a low-fat diet in combination with limited caloric consumption prevents aging-induced inflammatory activation of immune cells in the mouse brain - and that exercise is significantly less effective than caloric restriction in preventing these age-related changes. This indicates that the fat content of a diet, as well as caloric intake, are important parameters for the detrimental effects of aging on the brain.

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Sunday, March 11, 2018

Higher Vitamin D levels may be linked to lower risk of cancer

High levels of vitamin D may be linked to a lower risk of developing cancer, including liver cancer, concludes a large study.

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Friday, March 9, 2018

Gastrointestinal hormone measurably improved symptoms of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Through a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II clinical trial, researchers report that small doses of NGM282, a non-tumorigenic variant of an endocrine gastrointestinal hormone, can significantly and rapidly decrease liver fat content in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The findings represent an important proof-of-concept for the compound as there are currently no Food and Drug Administration-approved treatments for NAFLD and NASH.

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Modulation of Fgf21 gene in early-life ameliorates adulthood diet-induced obesity

The importance of good nutrition in the early development of children has been recognized for many decades. Nutritional experiences in early life can have profound and long-lasting effects on body weight in later life. For instance, malnutrition in early life as a result of poor nutrition during pregnancy and/or the lactation period may be stored on the offspring genome as epigenetic memory and persist into adulthood, thereby increasing the susceptibility to metabolic diseases such as obesity in later life. This area of epigenetics has become one of the fastest-growing and most complex areas of biological science.

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Thursday, March 8, 2018

Fiber-fermenting bacteria improve health of type 2 diabetes patients

The fight against type 2 diabetes may soon improve thanks to a pioneering high-fiber diet study.

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Improving birth outcomes one amino acid at a time

A simple dietary supplement (L-arginine) was found to improve birth outcomes, paving the way for future clinical trials to test this inexpensive and safe intervention.

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Combating childhood obesity by preventing 'fatty liver' in fetus

New research indicates that an obese pregnant mother and exposure to a high fat, high sugar diet during pregnancy produces a 'fatty liver' in the fetus, potentially predisposing children to obesity, metabolic and cardiovascular disorders later in life.

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Tuesday, March 6, 2018

Estimating lives saved by England's NHS Health Check program

The NHS Health Check program is estimated to prevent around 300 premature deaths and results in more people living free of cardiovascular disease in England each year, according to a new study. Feasible changes in the delivery of the program could result in up to a three-fold increase in the benefits.

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Little difference among diet plans' long-term effectiveness

Whether you pick low-carb, low fat or another diet plan, scientific research indicates each can help some people achieve modest long-term weight loss with potential improvement in health risks, according to a statement on managing obesity.

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How Do New NIH Human Subjects Policies Impact Training and Ca