Thursday, October 18, 2018

Did eating starchy foods give humans an evolutionary advantage?

Gene AMY1, which kickstarts digestion of starch in the mouth, is associated with blood glucose levels and digestion of carbohydrates, with implications for understanding human evolutionary biology and the gut microbiome.

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Children with autism, developmental delays nearly 50 percent more likely to be overweight, obese

A new study reveals that children with developmental delays, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), are up to 50 percent more likely to be overweight or obese compared with the general population.

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Carbon fiber can store energy in the body of a vehicle

A study has shown that carbon fibers can work as battery electrodes, storing energy directly. This opens up new opportunities for structural batteries, where the carbon fiber becomes part of the energy system. The use of this type of multifunctional material can contribute to a significant weight-reduction in the aircraft and vehicles of the future -- a key challenge for electrification.

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Wednesday, October 17, 2018

New Report Reflects NCCIH Research Interest in Emotional Well-being

In this blog post, Dr. Emmeline Edwards discusses an NIH/NCCIH research initiative to advance the study of emotional well-being.



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Fat Burners Zone Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Zero Xtreme Due to Presence of Undeclared Sibutramine

Fat Burners Zone is voluntarily recalling 1 lot of Zero Xtreme capsules due to contamination with sibutramine, which may increase the risk for patients with a history of coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, arrhythmias, or stroke.



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Nutrition has a greater impact on bone strength than exercise

One question that scientists and fitness experts alike would love to answer is whether exercise or nutrition has a bigger positive impact on bone strength.

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Tuesday, October 16, 2018

Diets rich in fish oil could slow the spread and growth of breast cancer cells

Omega-3 fatty acids, such as those typically contained in fish oil, may suppress the growth and spread of breast cancer cells in mice.

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Last Call: Opportunity to Provide Input to NIH for Back Pain Consortium Research Program by October 18, 2018

Given our Center’s longstanding interests in funding rigorous research of complementary and integrative health approaches for pain, we are enthusiastic about a potential new translational research initiative that will address the need for effective and personalized therapies for chronic low back pain – the NIH Back Pain Research Consortium (BACPAC)



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Monday, October 15, 2018

Parasites from medieval latrines unlock secrets of human history

A radical new approach combining archaeology, genetics and microscopy can reveal long-forgotten secrets of human diet, sanitation and movement from studying parasites in ancient excrement, according to new research.

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Endurance exercise training has beneficial effects on gut microbiota composition

According to recent research, endurance exercise training beneficially modifies gut microbiota composition. After six weeks of training, potentially inflammation causing microbes (Proteobacteria) decreased and microbes that are linked to enhanced metabolism (Akkermansia) increased.

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Friday, October 12, 2018

Fat: A new player expands our definition of diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is reaching epidemic proportions around the world. The World Health Organization reports that more than 422 million people suffer from the disease, including over 1.2 million in Australia alone. The consequences of diabetes can be dire (cancer, kidney failure, and heart attacks) and its prevalence is rising fast. There is an urgent need to better understand how diabetes progresses -- and how it might be stopped.

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Ketogenic diet appears to prevent cognitive decline in mice, study finds

The Ketogenic Diet, simple caloric restriction, or the pharmaceutical rapamycin appear to improve neurovascular function and prevent cognitive decline in animal models.

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Babies of overweight mothers may risk developing self-regulation problems

A mother's weight during early pregnancy may affect how well her baby is able to self-regulate during its first months and years of life. This is according to a study of more than 3100 Finnish women.

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Effects of a high-fat diet may be passed on for three generations

A high-fat diet in female mice affects their offspring's obesity, insulin resistance and addictive-like behaviors for three generations, according to a new study.

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The metabolome: A way to measure obesity and health beyond BMI

The current standard for determining obesity is body mass index (BMI), a simple mathematical formula that uses weight and height. A new study looks at both the metabolome and the genome, and their relationship to BMI.

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Thursday, October 11, 2018

Low copper levels linked to fatter fat cells

In studies of mouse cells, researchers have found that low levels of cellular copper appear to make fat cells fatter by altering how cells process their main metabolic fuels, such as fat and sugar.

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Sprayology Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Homeopathic Aqueous-Based Medicines Due to Microbial Contamination

Eight and Company LLC, d/b/a Sprayology recalls all lots within expiry from 10/18-7/22 of its aqueous-based homeopathic product line for human use (manufactured by King Bio) due to possible microbial contamination.



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Wednesday, October 10, 2018

Study identifies gene that makes gentle touch feel painful after injury

New research suggests the PIEZO2 gene may play an essential role in the nervous system’s reaction to injury and inflammation, making it a target for developing precise treatments for relieving pain caused by cuts, burns, and other skin injuries.



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PIEZO2 Ion Channel Presents New Target for Pain Research

New NCCIH-supported research suggests the PIEZO2 mechanoreceptor is essential for light touch detection after injury in mice and humans, and that PIEZO2 antagonists may provide a new avenue for relieving a variety of chronic pain conditions.



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Ideal protein to help seniors rebuild lost muscle

While exercise buffs have long used protein supplements to gain muscle, new research suggests one protein source in particular, whey protein, is most effective for seniors struggling to rebuild muscle lost from inactivity associated with illness or long hospital stays.

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Gene mutation points to new way to fight diabetes, obesity, heart disease

Researchers say they have discovered a gene mutation that slows the metabolism of sugar in the gut, giving people who have the mutation a distinct advantage over those who do not. Those with the mutation have a lower risk of diabetes, obesity, heart failure, and even death.

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NIH research projects to track activities of gut-derived metabolites

intestinal villi

This press release describes NCCIH research awards to scientists studying possible links between gut microflora and the transformation of dietary compounds into substances known as metabolites.



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Study firms up diet and depression link

In an unusual experiment, researchers have found that among Torres Strait Islander people the amount of fish and processed food eaten is related to depression.

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Community efforts to combat childhood obesity can be effective, study finds

New research examines how broadly and successfully communities across the US implement programs and policies to prevent obesity in kids.

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Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Too much vitamin A may increase risk of bone fractures

Consuming too much vitamin A may decrease bone thickness, leading to weak and fracture prone bones, according to a new study in mice.

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Planned intermittent fasting may help reverse type 2 diabetes, suggest doctors

Planned intermittent fasting may help to reverse type 2 diabetes, suggest doctors after three patients in their care, who did this, were able to cut out the need for insulin treatment altogether.

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NIH research projects to track activities of gut-derived metabolites

intestinal villi

This press release describes NCCIH research awards to scientists studying possible links between gut microflora and the transformation of dietary compounds into substances known as metabolites.



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Sunday, October 7, 2018

Diet and weight may affect response to bipolar disorder treatment

Data from a clinical trial has shown that how people respond to treatment for Bipolar Disorder may be influenced by their weight and the overall quality of their diet, including whether they are eating a diet high in foods thought to contribute to general inflammation. These are early results, but if replicated may mean that treatment of some mental health problems could benefit from the inclusion of dietary advice.

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Gastric banding as effective as metformin in slowing prediabetes, type two diabetes

People with prediabetes or new-onset type 2 diabetes who had gastric banding, a type of bariatric surgery for weight loss, had similar stabilization of their disease to those who took metformin alone, according to a new study.

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Thursday, October 4, 2018

Weight loss drug shows positive effect on diabetes

A new study has found that lorcaserin decreased risk for diabetes, induced diabetes remission and reduced risk of diabetes complications in obese and overweight patients.

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Diet rich in fried and processed foods linked to increased hypertension in black Americans

New findings suggest that diet is a major contributor for the increased risk of hypertension in black compared to white Americans.

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Tarragon supplements may make healthy women gain weight

Russian tarragon and bitter melon supplements may be less helpful for women than men when it comes to combating metabolic syndrome, whose symptoms include high blood sugar, high blood pressure and excess fat around the waist, a new study suggests.

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Chemotherapy may lead to mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle

Chemotherapy drugs to treat breast cancer may promote muscle mitochondrial dysfunction, according to new research. Dysfunctional mitochondria, the energy centers of the cells, may contribute to fatigue and weakness that some people with breast cancer experience through the course of disease treatment.

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New Study Links Mindfulness, Brain Changes, and Pain Sensitivity

People who are naturally more mindful report less pain and show lower activation of a specific region of the brain in response to an unpleasant heat stimulus, according to a new study supported by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH). The study, conducted by researchers from Wake Forest University and collaborating institutions, was published in the journal Pain.



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Wednesday, October 3, 2018

How has the gluten-free industry affected individuals with celiac disease?

A new study looks at how the recent proliferation of the gluten-free industry has affected individuals living with celiac disease.

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Newly discovered compounds shed fresh light on whole grain health benefits

Scientists have discovered new compounds that may explain whole grain health benefits. A high intake of whole grains increased the levels of betaine compounds in the body which, in turn, was associated with improved glucose metabolism, among other things. The findings shed new light on the cell level effects of a whole grain-rich diet, and can help in development of increasingly healthy food products.

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Tuesday, October 2, 2018

One more year of high school may shape waistlines later in life

Together, genetics and years of education can influence whether or not someone becomes obese, a new study finds.

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A web-based program is as effective as group counseling for patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Lifestyle changes are the cornerstone of preventing and treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Scientists report success in using web-based intervention to manage lifestyle changes in patients with NAFLD in a new six-year single-center study comparing group-based and web-based interventions.

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Diet affects the breast microbiome in mammals

Diet influences the composition of microbial populations in the mammary glands of nonhuman primates, researchers report. Specifically, a Mediterranean diet increased the abundance of probiotic bacteria previously shown to inhibit tumor growth in animals.

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Monday, October 1, 2018

Drug cocktail may treat postmenopausal PCOS complications

A combination of a diabetes drug and a high blood pressure medication may effectively treat all symptoms of postmenopausal polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

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Mediterranean diet prevents a leading cause of blindness, study suggests

Evidence is mounting that a poor diet plays an important role in the development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in the United States.

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Yo-yoing weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar readings may raise heart attack and stroke risk

People with fluctuating weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and/or blood sugar levels are at higher risk of heart attack and stroke than those with more stable readings. Having more measures that fluctuate adds to the risk.

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Saturday, September 29, 2018

Cancer hijacks the microbiome to glut itself on glucose

A new study shows that leukemia actively undercuts the ability of normal cells to consume glucose, thus leaving more glucose available to feed its own growth.

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Friday, September 28, 2018

Vitamin D supplements may promote weight loss in obese children

Vitamin D supplements may promote weight loss and reduce risk factors for future heart and metabolic disease in overweight and obese children, according to new research. These findings indicate that simple vitamin D supplementation may be part of an effective strategy to tackle childhood obesity and reduce the risk of serious health problems, such as heart disease, in adulthood.

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The hormone FGF23 is linked to structural deficits in the brain

Scientists find that high levels of a hormone called FGF23 are linked to changes in brain structure. They are associated with structural changes in the brain's frontal lobes.

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Improved In vivo imaging of atherosclerotic plaque development

Researchers have developed a method for quantitatively assessing atherosclerotic plaque buildup in mice. They transplanted X-ray-irradiated low-density-lipoprotein-knockout mice with bone marrow cells expressing near-infrared fluorescent protein, which subsequently developed into fluorescent macrophages. These macrophages congregated specifically in atherosclerotic plaques that arose after feeding on a high-cholesterol diet. In vivo imaging detected the amount of aortic plaque formed and its change over time, which could help in assessing the efficacy of anti-atherosclerotic drugs.

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Wednesday, September 26, 2018

Bariatric surgery linked to safer childbirth for the mother

Obese mothers who lose weight through bariatric surgery can have safer deliveries, according to an observational study. Positive effects include fewer caesarean sections, infections, tears and hemorrhages, and fewer cases of post-term delivery or uterine inertia.

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Tuesday, September 25, 2018

The quality of protein supplements for athletes

Powdered protein supplements are one of the most commonly consumed nutritional supplements, whether by professional athletes or amateurs.

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Lifestyle intervention may mitigate weight gain due to ubiquitous contaminant

A new study finds that perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are associated with increases in weight, but exercise and diet may reduce the obesogenic effects of these environmental contaminants.

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Screening using body mass index alone may miss every second preschooler with excess stomach fat

When assessing whether preschoolers are overweight, health professionals should use other measures such as waist-to-height ratio in addition to the body mass index (BMI). A study shows that this is because measuring the BMI of younger children often fails to identify those with excess stomach fat and possible associated health problems.

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Monday, September 24, 2018

Interaction with Evidence-based Guidelines a Featured Topic in October 5th Advisory Council Meeting

In this blog post, Dr. Partap Khalsa highlights key presentations and concepts to be discussed at the October 5, 2019 meeting of the National Advisory Council for Complementary and Integrative Health.



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Physical activity necessary to maintain heart-healthy lifestyle

Exercise and physical activity are of vast global importance to prevent and control the increasing problem of heart disease and stroke, according to a review article.

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Overweight pregnant women can safely cut calories, restrict weight gain

With proper nutrition guidance, it is safe and feasible to restrict weight gain in obese and overweight pregnant women, a new study shows.

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Weight loss can be boosted fivefold thanks to novel mental imagery technique

A new study has shown how overweight people lost an average of five times more weight using Functional Imagery Training (FIT) -- a brief individual motivational intervention that teaches self-motivating skills using mental imagery -- compared with talking therapy alone.

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Researchers explore how changes in diet alter microbiome in artificial intestine

Using an artificial intestine they created, researchers have shown that the microbiome can quickly adapt from the bacterial equivalent of a typical western diet to one composed exclusively of dietary fats.

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Sunday, September 23, 2018

Insulin shows great potential against chronic colitis

Diabetes is not the only disease on which insulin has an effect, it appears. In a new study that involved tests on mice researchers have discovered a new method for treating chronic colitis with regular insulin. The researchers have set up a company with a view to testing the treatment and hopefully making it available to patients.

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Friday, September 21, 2018

Kiwi teenagers less fit than a generation ago

New Zealand teenagers are less fit and weigh more than their parents were at the same age, new University of Otago research reveals.

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Mediterranean-style diet may lower women's stroke risk

Following a Mediterranean-style diet (high in fish, fruits and nuts, vegetables and beans and lower in meat and dairy) reduced stroke risk in women over 40, but not in men. The Mediterranean-style diet reduced stroke risk among white adults who were at high risk of cardiovascular disease.

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Thursday, September 20, 2018

High gluten diet in pregnancy linked to increased risk of diabetes in children

A new study suggests that a high gluten intake by mothers during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of their child developing type 1 diabetes.

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New Grants To Study Behavioral Interventions for Opioid Addiction and Recovery

Overdose deaths, opioid misuse, addiction to prescription opioids or to illicit drugs such as heroin, and chronic pain management are tough problems that are often related to each other. Together, they form a daunting public health crisis that is of great concern and significance to many in the United States, including the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) and much of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). 



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Fish-rich diets in pregnancy may boost babies' brain development

Women could enhance the development of their unborn child's eyesight and brain function by regularly eating fatty fish during pregnancy. This is the suggestion from a small-scale study. The research supports previous findings that show how important a prospective mother's diet and lifestyle choices are for the development of her baby.

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Intestines modify their cellular structure in response to diet

Body organs such as the intestine and ovaries undergo structural changes in response to dietary nutrients that can have lasting impacts on metabolism, as well as cancer susceptibility.

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Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Anti-inflammatory protein promotes healthy gut bacteria to curb obesity

Scientists have discovered that the anti-inflammatory protein NLRP12 normally helps protect mice against obesity and insulin resistance when they are fed a high-fat diet. The researchers also reported that the NLRP12 gene is underactive in people who are obese, making it a potential therapeutic target for treating obesity and diabetes, both of which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease and other serious conditions.

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NIH announces awards for behavioral research on OUD prevention and treatment

This press release provides information about NCCIH research awards to study the impact of behavioral interventions for primary or secondary prevention of opioid use disorder (OUD) or as complements to medication-assisted treatment (MAT).



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Young children's oral bacteria may predict obesity

Weight gain during early childhood is related to the composition of oral bacteria of two-year-old children, suggesting this understudied aspect of a children's collection of microorganisms could serve as an early indicator for childhood obesity.

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Green tea compound helps siRNA slip inside cells

Drinking green tea has been linked to health benefits ranging from cardiovascular disease prevention to weight loss. Although many of these claims still need to be verified in the clinic, an antioxidant in green tea called epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) appears to have beneficial effects in cells and animals. Now, researchers have found a surprising use for EGCG: sneaking therapeutic RNAs into cells.

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Strength-based exercises could help child obesity fight, study finds

Encouraging young people to do strength-based exercises -- such as squats, push ups and lunges -- could play a key role in tackling child obesity, research suggests.

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Tuesday, September 18, 2018

Sugar content of most supermarket yogurts well above recommended threshold

The sugar content of most types of yogurt is well above the recommended threshold, reveals an analysis of the nutrient content of available UK supermarket products. And organic varieties, often viewed as healthier options, contain some of the highest average sugar content, at 13.1 g/100 g, the findings indicate.

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Father's obesity in early puberty doubles asthma-risk for future offspring

Boys who have considerable weight gain between childhood and puberty, double the risk of having asthma as an adult, and for future offspring.

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New Research Career Development Funding Opportunity for Complementary and Integrative Health Clinician-Scientists

In this research blog, Dr. Lanay Mudd discusses career development pathways for clinician-scientists and a new career development funding opportunity in partnership with the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS).



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Monday, September 17, 2018

Either too much or too little weight gain during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes in children aged 7 years

New research shows that if a woman gains either too much or too little weight during pregnancy, there are adverse effects in children at 7 years of age.

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Stress over fussy eating prompts parents to pressure or reward at mealtime

Mothers report higher level of concern about long-term health consequences for fussy eaters, according to a new study.

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Beaumont Bio Med, Inc. Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of all their Homeopathic Aqueous/Alcohol-Based Medicines due to the Nationwide Recall by the Contract Manufacturer, King Bio, of all their Aqueous-Based Products-Possible Microbial Contamination

Beaumont Bio Med, Inc. is voluntarily recalling its entire aqueous/alcohol-based product line for human use due to possible microbial contamination.



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Hellolife, Inc. Issues Voluntary Worldwide Recall of Neuroveen, Respitrol, Thyroveev and Compulsin due to Possible Microbial Contamination

HelloLife, Inc. voluntarily recalls products due to possible microbial contamination.



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BioLyte Laboratories Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall Due to the Voluntary Nationwide Recall initiated by King Bio Inc. (a Raw Material Supplier) for NeoRelief for Muscle Cramping and Restlessness Topical Gel Due to Possible Microbial Contamination

BioLyte Laboratories recalls lot numbers 1138, 1139, 1146, and 1160 of NeoRelief for Muscle Cramping and Restlessness Topical Gel.



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Household cleaning products may contribute to kids' overweight by altering their gut microbiota

Commonly used household cleaners could be making children overweight by altering their gut microbiota, suggests a new study.

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Friday, September 14, 2018

Diagnosing and treating resistant hypertension

A new statement from the American Heart Association provides a comprehensive overview of how to diagnose and treat hypertension based on a review of available scientific information.

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Calorie counts on restaurant menus have customers ordering less

Researchers conducted a randomized experiment and found that diners at full service restaurants whose menus listed calories ordered meals with 3 percent fewer calories -- about 45 calories less -- than those who had menus without calorie information. Customers ordered fewer calories in their appetizer and entree courses, but their dessert and drink orders remained the same.

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Anti-inflammatory diet linked to reduced risk of early death

A new study finds that adhering to an anti-inflammatory diet is associated with lower risks of dying from any cause, dying from cardiovascular causes, and dying from cancer.

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Dietary fiber reduces brain inflammation during aging

As mammals age, immune cells in the brain known as microglia become chronically inflamed. In this state, they produce chemicals known to impair cognitive and motor function. That's one explanation for why memory fades and other brain functions decline during old age. But, according to a new study, there may be a remedy to delay the inevitable: dietary fiber.

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Thursday, September 13, 2018

Defining the Prevalence of Chronic Pain in the United States

Pain

This Research Spotlight highlights new data suggesting that in 2016 nearly 20 percent of U.S. adults had chronic pain and 8 percent had high-impact chronic pain (pain that limited at least one major life activity).



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Yoga for Pain

yoga and pain

This issue of NCCIH Clinical Digest offers information on yoga and certain pain conditions.



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Wednesday, September 12, 2018

New tool screens online health ads for deception

Experts have devised a simple screening tool to evaluate if the products popping up on your newsfeed are likely to be scams.

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Intense, recent physical activity linked to healthy metabolic profiles in adolescents

More time spent intensely active, to a greater extent than less time spent sedentary, correlates with a healthier metabolic profile in adolescence, according to a new study.

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Among body shapes, pears are healthier than apples

For women, fat usually accumulates around the hips, resulting in a pear-shaped look. In men, fat tends to build up around the abdomen, creating an apple shape. According to a new mouse study, it's healthier to be a pear than an apple.

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High blood sugar during pregnancy ups risk of mother's type 2 diabetes, child's obesity

Mothers with elevated blood glucose during pregnancy -- even if not high enough to meet the traditional definition of gestational diabetes -- were significantly more likely to have developed type 2 diabetes a decade after pregnancy than their counterparts without high blood glucose.

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Sarcolipin tricks muscle cells into using more energy, burning fat

Ever wonder why you burn fat and heat up when you exercise or shiver? Now, researchers have shown that sarcolipin, a small peptide only found in muscles, increases muscle energy expenditure and fat oxidization.

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Monday, September 10, 2018

Immune cells destroy healthy brain connections, diminish cognitive function in obese mice

Obesity leads to cognitive impairment by activating microglial cells, which consume otherwise functional synapses in the hippocampus, according to a study of male mice. The research suggests that microglia may be a potential therapeutic target for one of the lesser known effects of this global health epidemic on the brain.

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Change your diet to save both water and your health

Shifting to a healthy diet is not only good for us, but it also saves a lot of fresh water, according to a new study. Compared to existing diets, the water required to produce our food could be reduced by up to 55 percent for healthy pescetarian and vegetarian diets.

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"My Medicines" ... This Brochure Can be a Lifesaver

"My Medicines" a brochure offered by FDA's Office of Women's Health, can play a vital role in the medical treatment you receive during an emergency.

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Scientists block RNA silencing protein in liver to prevent obesity and diabetes in mice

Obesity and its related ailments like type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease pose a major global health burden, but researchers report that blocking an RNA-silencing protein in the livers of mice keeps the animals from getting fat-related and diabetic conditions.

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Sunday, September 9, 2018

Lifestyle changes reduce the need for blood pressure medications

Men and women with high blood pressure reduced the need for antihypertensive medications by making lifestyle changes. A 16-week program, focused on the DASH diet, weight management and exercise, resulted in the most dramatic declines in blood pressure.

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Friday, September 7, 2018

Lifestyle Interventions May Limit Weight Gain During Pregnancy in Overweight or Obese Women

pregnant women being examined by doctor

In a new study, behavioral lifestyle intervention programs that focused primarily on diet and physical activity limited weight gain during pregnancy in overweight or obese women.



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Pregnant women can safely control weight gain through diet and lifestyle changes

Many overweight/obese women gain too much weight during pregnancy. New trials showed these women can safely limit their weight gain with diet and exercise interventions. The reduced weight gain, however, did not result in fewer obstetrical complications. The finding suggests that the lifestyle changes need to start before pregnancy.

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Thursday, September 6, 2018

Rapid weight gain during infancy possible risk factor for later obesity in kids with autism

A recent study found that children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) had the highest frequency of rapid weight gain during the first six months of life, which may put them at increased risk for childhood obesity.

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Public health researchers warn of dietary supplements containing higenamine

A new peer-reviewed study of weight-loss and sports/energy supplements containing higenamine finds unpredictable and inaccurately labeled dosages of the potentially harmful cardiovascular stimulant.

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A Note on NCCIH Activities Related to Music, Health, and Child Development

In this research blog, Dr. Emmeline Edwards discusses an upcoming FOA that promotes research on music and health.



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Communication among organs, tissues regulating body's energy revealed

Researchers have identified a system of communication networks that exists among organs and tissues that regulate metabolism. Findings from their study provide, for the first time, a detailed 'atlas' illustrating how the body creates and uses energy, and how imbalances in the networks may impact overall health.

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Longer daily fasting times improve health and longevity in mice

Increasing time between meals made male mice healthier overall and live longer compared to mice who ate more frequently, according to a new study.

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What Anglo Saxon teeth can tell us about modern health

Evidence from the teeth of Anglo Saxon children could help identify modern children most at risk from conditions such as obesity, diabetes and heart disease.

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Wednesday, September 5, 2018

NIH study broadens understanding of High Impact Chronic Pain in the US

Researchers have demonstrated that disability is as likely in the chronic pain population as it is in those with kidney failure, emphysema or stroke. This is the reality for 11 million U.S. adults with High Impact Chronic Pain (HICP), a new concept that describes those with pain lasting three months or longer and accompanied by at least one major activity restriction.



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Whole grains one of the most important food groups for preventing type 2 diabetes

It doesn't matter if it's rye, oats, or wheat. As long as it is whole grain, it can prevent type 2 diabetes, according to the results of a new study.

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Fish oil supplement in pregnancy is linked to increase in lean and bone mass by age 6 years

Taking fish oil supplements in the later stages of pregnancy is associated with a higher weight (BMI) in children in the first six years of life, but not an increased risk of overweight or obesity by age 6, a new study suggests.

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Ways to maximize nutrition and growth for the smallest preemies

To help clinicians maximize nutrition and growth in very low birth weight infants, researchers quantified the gains and losses of different nutrition delivery practices during the transition to enteral feeds.

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Tuesday, September 4, 2018

Exercise is unrelated to risk of early menopause

The amount of physical activity that women undertake is not linked to their risk of early menopause, according to the largest study ever to investigate this question.

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How weight loss is linked to future health for older adults

A study evaluated information from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures and looked specifically at health and weight for women who were over age 65. Reviewing more than 20 years' worth of data for study participants, the team of researchers had the chance to examine links between long-term weight gain/loss and health.

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Natural 'breakdown' of chemicals predicts lung damage in 9/11 firefighters

Abnormal levels of more than two dozen metabolites -- chemicals produced in the body as it breaks down fats, proteins and carbohydrates -- can reliably predict which Sept. 11 firefighters developed lung disease and which did not, a new analysis shows.

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Friday, August 31, 2018

Cryptosporidiosis worsened in mice on probiotics

In an unexpected research finding infections with the intestinal parasite, Cryptosporidium parvum, worsened in mice that had been given a probiotic.

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Investigators find that bile acids reduce cocaine reward

Bile acids -- gut compounds that aid in the digestion of dietary fats -- reduce the desire for cocaine, according to a new study.

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Eating in 10-hour window can override disease-causing genetic defects, nurture health

Scientists found that mice lacking the biological clocks thought to be necessary for a healthy metabolism could still be protected against obesity and metabolic diseases by having their daily access to food restricted to a 10-hour window.

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Growth in first 3 years of life affects respiratory health in children

Children's growth in the first three years of life affects the development of their lungs and the risk of asthma at 10 years of age.

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Novel concepts for the diagnosis of fatty liver and personalized treatment

Almost one in three adults suffer from non-alcoholic fatty liver. For the affected people this increases the risk of complications such as liver cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure and stroke.

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Thursday, August 30, 2018

King Bio Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of It’s Kids and Infant Products Due to Potential Microbial Contamination

King Bio recalls products due to microbial contamination.



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Living Well Remedies, LLC Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Weight Away Remedy, Lot # 111417LWL614, Due To Microbial Contamination

Living Well Remedies recalls Weight Away Remedy lot# 111417LWL614 due to potential microbial contamination.



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Time-restricted feeding improves health in mice with defective circadian clocks

It turns out timing really is everything, at least when it comes to the diets of lab mice whose circadian clocks are disrupted. A study is reporting that limiting the times when the animals eat can correct obesity and other metabolic problems that are normally seen in these mice, even when they're fed an unhealthy diet. The results suggest a previously unknown link between disruption of the clock and eating behavior.

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Amazonian fruit prevents obesity in overfed mice

An extract of camu camu -- a fruit native to the Amazon -- prevents obesity in mice fed a diet rich in sugar and fat, say researchers. The discovery suggests that camu camu phytochemicals could play a leading role in the fight against obesity and metabolic disease.

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Changes in breakfast and dinner timings can reduce body fat

Modest changes to breakfast and dinner times can reduce body fat, a new pilot study reports.

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Wednesday, August 29, 2018

Switching to hunter-gatherer lifestyle may increase diversity in children's gut microbes

Immersing city dwellers in the traditional lifestyle and diet of a rainforest village for two weeks increases the diversity of the visiting children's -- but not the adults' -- gut microbiota. In a small pilot study, researchers show that the immersion visit did little to shift the adults' skin, oral, nasal and fecal microbiota.

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Father's diet could affect the long-term health of his offspring

New research has shown that a lack of protein in a father's diet affects sperm quality which can have a direct impact on the long-term health of their offspring.

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NIH names Dr. Helene Langevin director of the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health

Helene M. Langevin, M.D., C.M., named director of the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH).



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Rethinking a healthy diet from a global perspective

Scientists are using research from several large global studies to develop an updated, international approach of identifying a healthy diet.

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Tuesday, August 28, 2018

The link between obesity, the brain, and genetics

Clinicians should consider how the way we think can make us vulnerable to obesity, and how obesity is genetically intertwined with brain structure and mental performance, according to new research.

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Media Advisory: Lecture to explore the impact of nature on health

Gregory Bratman, Ph.D.

Information about an upcoming lecture by Dr. Gregory Bratman titled “Nature Contact and Human Health: A Multimethod Approach.”



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Low carbohydrate diets are unsafe and should be avoided, study suggests

A large study suggests that low carbohydrate diets are unsafe and should be avoided, say researchers who found that people who consumed a low carbohydrate diet were at greater risk of premature death.

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Take a vacation -- it could prolong your life

A 40-year Finnish study of middle-aged male executives finds that taking vacations could prolong life.

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Post-workout muscle building and repair blunted in obese adults

Obesity is associated with a host of health problems, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. According to a new study, obesity also diminishes a person's ability to build muscle after engaging in resistance exercise.

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Monday, August 27, 2018

The sugar wars: Rhetoric or reason?

Over the past 50 years researchers, clinicians, professional organizations, and health charities have waged war on sugar, calling for dietary recommendations to be changed and for a sugar tax on soft drinks and sweet treats in an effort to reduce obesity and cardiovascular diseases.

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High-sugar feeding only at active times of day reduces adverse effects in rats

Researchers showed that limiting the consumption of a high-sucrose diet to the nighttime, when rats are most active, alleviated some of its most harmful effects associated with high levels of fat in the blood and liver. This work suggested that temporal controls on sugar intake in humans could also help in the fight against components of metabolic syndrome such as diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure.

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Diet has bigger impact on emotional well-being in women than in men

Women may need a more nutrient-rich diet to support a positive emotional well-being, according to new research.

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Thursday, August 23, 2018

Risk factors for fast-spreading facial gangrene

Noma, a rare disease found predominantly in underserved areas, causes progressive destruction, or gangrene, of the tissues of the face and jaw within just the span of one week. Now, researchers have analyzed 74 cases of noma in northwest Nigeria to pinpoint the risk factors for developing the disease.

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'One weird trick' to cut belly fat? Follow a heart-healthy diet!

Do you wish you could decrease your waistline? Reducing abdominal obesity can lower health risks - but despite claims you may have seen on the Internet, no trending diet can help you specifically eliminate belly fat.

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Increased phosphate intake elevates blood pressure in healthy adults

If more phosphate is consumed with food, blood pressure and pulse rate increase in healthy young adults, according to a new study.

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How sleep loss may contribute to adverse weight gain

One night of sleep loss has a tissue-specific impact on the regulation of gene expression and metabolism in humans, according to researchers. This may explain how shift work and chronic sleep loss impairs our metabolism and adversely affects our body composition.

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Natural sugar defends against metabolic syndrome, in mice

New research, in mice, indicates that a natural sugar called trehalose blocks glucose from the liver and activates a gene that boosts insulin sensitivity, reducing the chance of developing diabetes. The findings suggest new possibilities for treating metabolic syndrome, a cluster of related conditions that includes obesity, diabetes and fatty liver disease.

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Parents' behavior during playtime may affect toddler's weight later on

Researchers have found that toddlers who had poor self-regulation skills -- the ability to control their behaviors and emotions -- went on to have lower BMIs as preschoolers if their mothers engaged with them during playtime and then helped direct them during clean up.

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How healthy is the American diet? The Healthy Eating Index helps determine the answer

Leading nutrition experts describe and evaluate the latest version of the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), which has been issued to correspond to the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

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Wednesday, August 22, 2018

Found: A destructive mechanism that blocks the brain from knowing when to stop eating

Researchers have uncovered a destructive mechanism at the molecular level that causes a well-known phenomenon associated with obesity: leptin resistance. They found that mice fed a high-fat diet produce an enzyme named MMP-2 that clips receptors for the hormone leptin from the surface of neuronal cells in the hypothalamus. This blocks leptin from binding to its receptors. This in turn keeps the neurons from signaling that your stomach is full and you should stop eating.

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Young, healthy people still vulnerable to CVD if their LDL cholesterol is high

A study of more than 36,000 people followed for over two decades revealed that healthy individuals considered 'low-risk' still died from cardiovascular disease if they had high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Without taking into account other risk factors, people with LDL cholesterol levels in the range of 100-159 mg/dL had a 30 to 40 percent higher risk of cardiovascular disease death.

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Monday, August 20, 2018

Institutional Training Programs for Predoctoral and Postdoctoral Researchers

In this blog post, Dr. Lanay Mudd discusses institutional training programs supported by NCCIH including T32 programs and one T90/R90 program.



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Understanding the Influence of the Experimental Setting on Pain Ratings

woman in pain

In this NCCIH-funded study, researchers suggest the experimental setting influences how study participants assess painful stimuli; these findings may help researchers design studies to better understand the mechanisms involved in chronic pain.



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Healthy diet linked to healthy cellular aging in women

Eating a diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains and low in added sugar, sodium and processed meats could help promote healthy cellular aging in women.

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Institutional Training Programs for Predoctoral and Postdoctoral Researchers

In this blog post, Dr. Lanay Mudd discusses institutional training programs supported by NCCIH including T32 programs and one T90/R90 program.



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Poor sleep and type 2 diabetes means slower wound healing

People with Type 2 diabetes who don't sleep well could need more time to heal their wounds, according to a new study.

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Strawberries could help reduce harmful inflammation in the colon

Inflammatory bowel disease is a set of painful conditions that can cause severe diarrhea and fatigue. Researchers are now reporting that a simple dietary intervention could mitigate colonic inflammation and improve gut health. In this case, a strawberry -- or rather, less than a cupful of strawberries -- a day could help keep the doctor away.

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Saliva could influence taste preferences

Saliva is crucial for tasting and digesting food. But scientists have now found that saliva could also be part of a feedback loop that influences how food tastes to people -- and by extension, what foods they're willing to eat. They hope that, one day, the findings could help consumers stick to a healthier diet.

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Consuming milk at breakfast lowers blood glucose throughout the day

A change in breakfast routine may provide benefits for the management of type 2 diabetes, according to a new study. A team of scientists found that milk consumed with breakfast cereal reduced postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with water, and high dairy protein concentration reduced postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with normal dairy protein concentration. The high-protein treatment also reduced appetite after the second meal compared with the low-protein equivalent.

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Friday, August 17, 2018

More protein after weight loss may reduce fatty liver disease

Increasing the amount of protein in the diet may reduce the liver's fat content and lower the risk of diabetes in people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

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Obesity, infertility and oxidative stress in mouse egg cells

Proteomic analysis of oocytes from obese mice showed changes in a protein that promotes antioxidant production and may alter meiotic spindles.

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Evening preference, lack of sleep associated with higher BMI in people with prediabetes

People with prediabetes who go to bed later, eat meals later and are more active and alert later in the day -- those who have an 'evening preference' -- have higher body mass indices compared with people with prediabetes who do things earlier in the day, or exhibit morning preference.

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Two-Day Workshop to Focus on Strengthening Natural Products Research

In this blog post, Dr. Craig Hopp addresses an upcoming natural products clinical trials workshop scheduled for September 13-14 at NIH in Bethesda, Md.



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World Organix, LLC Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Blissful Remedies Red Maeng Da 100% Mitragyna Speciosa, Blissful Remedies Red Maeng Da Liquid Kratom Mitragyna Speciosa, Blissful Remedies 4 Hour Chill Slow Motion Blend, Due to High Microbial Loads

World Organix LLC recalls products – Blissful Remedies Red Maeng Da 100% Mitragyna Speciosa capsules, Blissful Remedies Red Maeng Da Liquid Kratom Mitragyna Speciosa, Blissful Remedies 4 Hour Chill Slow Motion Blend.



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Zakah Life Recalls Kratom Because Of Possible Health Risk

Zakah Life recalls kratom products because of potential Salmonella contamination.



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Moderate carbohydrate intake may be best for health, study suggests

A new study has found that diets both low and high in carbohydrates were linked with an increase in mortality, while moderate consumers of carbohydrates had the lowest risk of mortality. The study also found that low-carb diets that replace carbohydrates with proteins and fats from plant sources were associated with lower risk of mortality compared to those that replace carbohydrates with proteins and fat from animal sources.

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Thursday, August 16, 2018

Using mushrooms as a prebiotic may help improve glucose regulation

Eating white button mushrooms can create subtle shifts in the microbial community in the gut, which could improve the regulation of glucose in the liver, according to a team of researchers. They also suggest that better understanding this connection between mushrooms and gut microbes in mice could one day pave the way for new diabetes treatments and prevention strategies for people.

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Wednesday, August 15, 2018

Exploring Pediatric Research at the Recent Advisory Council Meeting

In this blog post, acting NCCIH deputy director Dr. Wendy Weber discusses information shared at a recent NCCIH mini-symposium, “Pediatric Complementary and Integrative Health.”



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Healthy fat cells uncouple obesity from diabetes

Researchers have identified possible ways to uncouple obesity from co-morbidities such as heart disease and insulin resistance.

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It's possible to reverse damage caused by aging cells

What's the secret to aging well? Researchers have answered it -- on a cellular level.

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Eating breakfast burns more carbs during exercise and accelerates metabolism for next meal

New research suggests that eating breakfast could 'prime' the body to burn carbohydrates during exercise and more rapidly metabolize foods after working out.

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Tuesday, August 14, 2018

Chemicals found in vegetables prevent colon cancer in mice

Chemicals produced by vegetables such as kale, cabbage and broccoli could help to maintain a healthy gut and prevent colon cancer, a new study shows.

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Weight loss: Surprising scale of health benefits for biggest losers

When it comes to shedding pounds, it pays to think big, according to new research.

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Scientists propose a new lead for Alzheimer's research

Scientists have suggested a potential link between iron in our cells and the rare gene mutations that cause Alzheimer's disease, which could provide new avenues for future research.

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Monday, August 13, 2018

Policy changes can help ease roadblocks to a healthy diet

Diet modification can be a vital step to prevent cardiovascular disease. While various biological, economical, physical, social and psychological factors influence food choices, interventions targeting these factors can lead to meaningful improvements in long-term eating habits.

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Wearable devices and mobile health technology: One step towards better health

With increasing efforts being made to address the current global obesity epidemic, wearable devices and mobile health ('mHealth') technology have emerged as promising tools for promoting physical activity. However, current literature seems to indicate that these new technologies may serve best as part of a larger overall health plan, rather than working alone to encourage weight loss.

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Thirty percent increase in risk of fracture after gastric bypass

A study shows that the risk of fractures increases by about 30 percent after a gastric bypass operation. It was also discovered that falls increase after these operations.

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Grip strength of children gives clues about their future health

Adolescents with a strong hand grip -- an indicator of overall muscle strength -- have better odds of being healthy over time, according to a two-year study of 368 elementary school children. The findings give insights to identify youngsters at future risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

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Friday, August 10, 2018

Making weight: Ensuring that micro preemies gain pounds and inches

A quality-improvement project to standardize feeding practices for micro preemies helped to boost their weight and nearly quadrupled the frequency of lactation consultations ordered in the neonatal intensive care unit, a multidisciplinary team finds.

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A diverse diet may not be the healthiest one

Scientific evidence to date does not support the notion that eating a diverse diet is healthy or promotes a healthy weight. Some studies suggest that a diverse diet may increase food consumption and the prevalence of obesity.

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Thursday, August 9, 2018

Fat-blocking effect of nanofibers discovered

Tiny balls of nano-sized cellulose fibers added to food reduced fat absorption by up to half in laboratory and animal experiments, scientists report.

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Dietary carbohydrates could lead to osteoarthritis, new study finds

Researchers have found that carbohydrate composition of diets increased the risk of osteoarthritis in laboratory mice -- even when the animals didn't differ in weight.

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Bribing bacteria to play nicely is good for everyone

Researchers report that giving mice dietary iron supplements enabled them to survive a normally lethal bacterial infection and resulted in later generations of those bacteria being less virulent. The approach demonstrates in preclinical studies that non-antibiotic-based strategies -- such as nutritional interventions -- can shift the relationship between the patient and pathogens away from antagonism and toward cooperation.

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Prevalence and Profile of High Impact Chronic Pain

Almost 11 million U.S. adults have “High Impact Chronic Pain”—that is, pain that has lasted 3 months or longer and is accompanied by at least one major activity restriction, such as being unable to work outside the home, go to school, or do household chores.



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Wednesday, August 8, 2018

Women and men experience different benefits from low-calorie diets

A low-calorie diet causes different metabolic effects in women than in men, a new study suggests.

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Tuesday, August 7, 2018

Soy diets might increase women's bone strength

Researchers now have discovered through a new animal study that soy protein found in food might counter the negative effects of menopause on bone and metabolic health. Moreover, the researchers believe that soy protein might also have positive impacts on bone strength for women who have not yet reached menopause.

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Got the 'drunchies'? New study shows how heavy drinking affects diet

After seeing an ad in a campus newspaper promoting unhealthy late-night foods, researchers decided to look at a sample of college students to better understand how drinking affects what they eat.

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US teens: Higher prevalence of obesity than Grenada youth

Medical researchers have found a lower prevalence of overweight and obesity among youth in Grenada compared to US adolescents. The differences may reflect the impact of the westernized diet and lifestyle. The research may lead to a change in worldwide obesity prevention strategy.

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Monday, August 6, 2018

Low-protein diet during pregnancy increases prostate cancer risk in offspring, rat study shows

Experiments with rats show that intrauterine protein restriction induces sex hormone imbalance, which appears to favor development of cancer in old age. The rate of prostate tumor development reached 50 percent among the old rats submitted to low-protein diet during pregnancy and lactation alike.

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Saturday, August 4, 2018

Insulin resistance under-diagnosed in non-diabetics with Parkinson's disease

Almost two-thirds of non-diabetic patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) may be insulin resistant, despite having normal blood sugar, report scientists. Their findings suggest that insulin resistance in PD is a common and largely undetected problem, especially in patients who are overweight.

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Friday, August 3, 2018

Eating crickets can be good for your gut, according to new clinical trial

A new clinical trial shows that consuming crickets can help support the growth of beneficial gut bacteria and that eating crickets is not only safe at high doses but may also reduce inflammation in the body.

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Cystic fibrosis impacts growth in the womb, research shows

New research has shown that babies with cystic fibrosis are born weighing less than babies without the condition, even allowing that they are more likely to be born prematurely.

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Blocking digestive hormone may prevent diet-induced pancreatic cancer

A high-fat diet may promote the growth of pancreatic cancer independent of obesity because of the interaction between dietary fat and cholecystokinin (CCK), a digestive hormone. In addition, blocking CCK may help prevent the spread of pancreatic tumors to other areas of the body (metastases).

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Thursday, August 2, 2018

Why weight loss produces remission of type 2 diabetes in some patients

A clinical trial recently showed that nearly half of individuals with type 2 diabetes achieved remission to a non-diabetic state after a weight-loss intervention delivered within six years of diagnosis. Now a new study eveals that this successful response to weight loss is associated with the early and sustained improvement in the functioning of pancreatic beta cells.

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Wednesday, August 1, 2018

Makeup of an individual's gut bacteria may play role in weight loss

A preliminary study suggests that, for some people, specific activities of gut bacteria may be responsible for their inability to lose weight, despite adherence to strict diet and exercise regimens.

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Innovative technique converts white fat to brown fat

Increasing healthy brown fat might help weight management and reduce symptoms of diabetes. Engineers have developed a simple, innovative method to directly convert white fat to brown fat outside the body and then reimplant it in a patient. The technique uses fat-grafting procedures commonly performed by plastic surgeons, in which fat is harvested from under the skin and then retransplanted into the same patient for cosmetic or reconstructive purposes.

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Measure of belly fat in older adults is linked with cognitive impairment

Data from over 5,000 adults over the age of 60 indicates that as waist:hip ratio increases, so does cognitive impairment. The findings have significant implications as the global prevalence of dementia is predicted to increase from 24.3 million in 2001 to 81.1 million by 2040.

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Monday, July 30, 2018

Diet matters less than evolutionary relationships in shaping gut microbiome

In the largest published comparative dataset of non-human primate gut microbiomes to date, a new study set out to find whether leaf-eating primates have similar gut microbes that help them break down their leafy diet, which is full of fiber and toxins.

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Experimental drug reverses hair loss and skin damage linked to fatty diet, shows new study in mice

In a series of experiments with mice, investigators have used an experimental compound to successfully reverse hair loss, hair whitening and skin inflammation linked by previous studies to human diets heavy in fat and cholesterol.

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Why bariatric surgery wait times have nearly doubled in 10 years

Eligible patients are increasingly facing longer waits for operations proven to help them safely lose weight that endangers their health, according to a multi-center study. Often driven by insurers, delays in approving weight-loss surgery can deter some patients from the pursuit. And waiting longer doesn't improve safety.

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Saturday, July 28, 2018

Fat production and burning are synchronized in livers of mice with obesity

Mice fed a fattening diet develop new liver circadian rhythms that impact the way fat is accumulated and simultaneously burned. The team found that as liver fat production increases, surprisingly, so does the body's ability to burn fat. These opposing physiological processes reach their peak activity each day around 5 p.m., illustrating an unexpected connection between overeating, circadian rhythms, and fat accumulation in the liver.

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Thursday, July 26, 2018

Bile acids from the gut could help to treat cocaine abuse

Bile acids that aid fat digestion are also found to reduce the rewarding properties of cocaine use, according to a new study.

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Osteoporosis, fracture risk predicted with new genetic screen

A new genetic screen may predict a person's future risk of osteoporosis and bone fracture, according to a new study.

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Adherence to healthy diets associated with lower cancer risk

A diet that encourages both healthy eating and physical activity and discourages alcohol consumption was associated with a reduced overall cancer risk, as well as lower breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer risks.

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Highlighting Recent NCCIH Pain-Research News: Part 2

In this blog post, Acting NCCIH Director Dr. David Shurtleff discusses highlights from the 2018 symposium, “From Science to Society: At the Intersection of Chronic Pain Management and the Opioid Crisis” & invites people to attend a one-day pain symposium co-sponsored by NCCIH on Tuesday, September 11, 2018 in advance of the World Congress on Pain.



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Wednesday, July 25, 2018

Highlighting Recent NCCIH Pain-Research News: Part 1

In this blog post, Acting NCCIH Director Dr. David Shurtleff discusses NCCIH and NIH plans that focus on the opioid epidemic and problems with which it is often associated: pain; chronic pain; substance misuse and addiction; and mental health problems. 



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Highlighting Recent NCCIH Pain-Research News: Part 1

In this blog post, Acting NCCIH Director Dr. David Shurtleff discusses NCCIH and NIH plans that focus on the opioid epidemic and problems with which it is often associated: pain; chronic pain; substance misuse and addiction; and mental health problems. 



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Tuesday, July 24, 2018

Researchers explore popular food trends in nutritional review

What's the bottom line on the potential heart health benefits of popular health foods? Researchers discuss nutritional ''hypes'' and controversies around dairy products, added sugar, legumes, coffee and tea, alcohol, energy drinks, mushrooms, fermented foods, Omega-3s and vitamin B12.

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NIH expands program that conducts large-scale clinical trials in real-world settings

This press release addresses the National Institutes of Health’s Health Care Systems (HCS) Research Collaboratory and announces five new research awards; such research will help strengthen the relevance of research results to health practice.



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NIH Collaboratory Expands Its Portfolio of Pragmatic Clinical Trials

In this blog post, Dr. Catherine Meyers discusses new Pragmatic Clinical Trial (PCT) Demonstration Projects that have been funded within the NIH Health Care Systems Research Collaboratory.



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NIH Collaboratory Expands Its Portfolio of Pragmatic Clinical Trials

In this blog post, Dr. Catherine Meyers discusses new Pragmatic Clinical Trial (PCT) Demonstration Projects that have been funded within the NIH Health Care Systems Research Collaboratory.



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King Bio Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Aquaflora Candida HP9, Lymph Detox, and Baby Teething Liquids Due to Microbial Contamination

King Bio voluntarily recalls lots of Aquaflora Candida HP9, Lymph Detox, and Baby Teething liquids due to microbial contamination.



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Friday, July 20, 2018

Effect of genetic factors on nutrition: The genes are not to blame

Individualized dietary recommendations based on genetic information are currently a popular trend. A team has systematically analyzed scientific articles and reached the following conclusion: There is no clear evidence for the effect of genetic factors on the consumption of total calories, carbohydrates, and fat. According to the current state of knowledge, the expedience of gene-based dietary recommendations has yet to be proven.

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New study shows certain video games can improve health in children with obesity

A new study showed for the first time that video games, in combination with fitness coaching and a step tracker, helped overweight children lose weight, lower their blood pressure and cholesterol and increase their physical activity.

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Caffeine affects food intake at breakfast, but its effect is limited and transient

A new study found that after drinking a small amount of caffeine, participants consumed 10 percent less at a breakfast buffet provided by researchers, but this effect did not persist throughout the day and had no impact on participants' perceptions of their appetites. Based on these findings, the investigators have concluded that caffeine is not effective as an appetite suppressant and weight-loss aid.

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Thursday, July 19, 2018

Low- or no-calorie soft drinks linked to improved outcomes in colon cancer

Drinking artificially-sweetened beverages is associated with a significantly lower risk of colon cancer recurrence and cancer death, scientists have found.

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High fruit and vegetable consumption may reduce risk of breast cancer

Women who eat a high amount of fruits and vegetables each day may have a lower risk of breast cancer, especially of aggressive tumors, than those who eat fewer fruits and vegetables, according to a new study.

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Food for thought: How the brain reacts to food may be linked to overeating

The reason why some people find it so hard to resist finishing an entire bag of chips or bowl of candy may lie with how their brain responds to food rewards, according to researchers who found that when certain regions of the brain reacted more strongly to being rewarded with food than being rewarded with money, those people were more likely to overeat.

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Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Autism risk determined by health of mom's gut

The mother's microbiome, the collection of microscopic organisms that live inside us, determines the risk of autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders in her offspring, new research shows. The work raises the possibility we could prevent autism by altering expectant moms' diets.

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Link found between bitter-taste sensitivity and cancer risk

High bitter-taste sensitivity is associated with a significantly increased risk of cancer in older British women, according to researchers who conducted a unique study of 5,500 women whose diet, lifestyle and health has been tracked for about 20 years.

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Pursuing a Research Career? Apply September 1–November 15, 2018 for NIH Student Loan Repayment!

In this blog post Dr. Lanay Mudd discusses NIH Loan Repayment Programs for researchers.



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Use of Natural Products by Children

kids eating

Read this issue of NCCIH’s Clinical Digest to learn more about the use of natural products by children.



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Omega 3 supplements have little or no heart or vascular health benefit

Omega 3 supplements have little or no effect on the risk of heart disease, stroke or death -- according to new research. Increased consumption of omega 3 fats is widely promoted globally because of a common belief that that it will protect against heart disease. But a new Cochrane review finds that omega 3 supplements offer little, if any, benefit.

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Research on British teeth unlocks potential for new insights into ancient diets

Goofy, yellow and crooked: British smiles have sometimes had a less-than-flattering international image, but a new study has put tartar from our infamously bad teeth to good use. Researchers analysing the teeth of Britons from the Iron Age to the modern day have unlocked the potential for using proteins in tooth tartar to reveal what our ancestors ate.

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