Wednesday, August 15, 2018

Exploring Pediatric Research at the Recent Advisory Council Meeting

In this blog post, acting NCCIH deputy director Dr. Wendy Weber discusses information shared at a recent NCCIH mini-symposium, “Pediatric Complementary and Integrative Health.”



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Healthy fat cells uncouple obesity from diabetes

Researchers have identified possible ways to uncouple obesity from co-morbidities such as heart disease and insulin resistance.

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It's possible to reverse damage caused by aging cells

What's the secret to aging well? Researchers have answered it -- on a cellular level.

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Eating breakfast burns more carbs during exercise and accelerates metabolism for next meal

New research suggests that eating breakfast could 'prime' the body to burn carbohydrates during exercise and more rapidly metabolize foods after working out.

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Tuesday, August 14, 2018

Chemicals found in vegetables prevent colon cancer in mice

Chemicals produced by vegetables such as kale, cabbage and broccoli could help to maintain a healthy gut and prevent colon cancer, a new study shows.

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Weight loss: Surprising scale of health benefits for biggest losers

When it comes to shedding pounds, it pays to think big, according to new research.

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Scientists propose a new lead for Alzheimer's research

Scientists have suggested a potential link between iron in our cells and the rare gene mutations that cause Alzheimer's disease, which could provide new avenues for future research.

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Monday, August 13, 2018

Policy changes can help ease roadblocks to a healthy diet

Diet modification can be a vital step to prevent cardiovascular disease. While various biological, economical, physical, social and psychological factors influence food choices, interventions targeting these factors can lead to meaningful improvements in long-term eating habits.

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Wearable devices and mobile health technology: One step towards better health

With increasing efforts being made to address the current global obesity epidemic, wearable devices and mobile health ('mHealth') technology have emerged as promising tools for promoting physical activity. However, current literature seems to indicate that these new technologies may serve best as part of a larger overall health plan, rather than working alone to encourage weight loss.

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Thirty percent increase in risk of fracture after gastric bypass

A study shows that the risk of fractures increases by about 30 percent after a gastric bypass operation. It was also discovered that falls increase after these operations.

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Grip strength of children gives clues about their future health

Adolescents with a strong hand grip -- an indicator of overall muscle strength -- have better odds of being healthy over time, according to a two-year study of 368 elementary school children. The findings give insights to identify youngsters at future risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

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Friday, August 10, 2018

Making weight: Ensuring that micro preemies gain pounds and inches

A quality-improvement project to standardize feeding practices for micro preemies helped to boost their weight and nearly quadrupled the frequency of lactation consultations ordered in the neonatal intensive care unit, a multidisciplinary team finds.

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A diverse diet may not be the healthiest one

Scientific evidence to date does not support the notion that eating a diverse diet is healthy or promotes a healthy weight. Some studies suggest that a diverse diet may increase food consumption and the prevalence of obesity.

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Thursday, August 9, 2018

Fat-blocking effect of nanofibers discovered

Tiny balls of nano-sized cellulose fibers added to food reduced fat absorption by up to half in laboratory and animal experiments, scientists report.

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Dietary carbohydrates could lead to osteoarthritis, new study finds

Researchers have found that carbohydrate composition of diets increased the risk of osteoarthritis in laboratory mice -- even when the animals didn't differ in weight.

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Bribing bacteria to play nicely is good for everyone

Researchers report that giving mice dietary iron supplements enabled them to survive a normally lethal bacterial infection and resulted in later generations of those bacteria being less virulent. The approach demonstrates in preclinical studies that non-antibiotic-based strategies -- such as nutritional interventions -- can shift the relationship between the patient and pathogens away from antagonism and toward cooperation.

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Prevalence and Profile of High Impact Chronic Pain

Almost 11 million U.S. adults have “High Impact Chronic Pain”—that is, pain that has lasted 3 months or longer and is accompanied by at least one major activity restriction, such as being unable to work outside the home, go to school, or do household chores.



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Wednesday, August 8, 2018

Women and men experience different benefits from low-calorie diets

A low-calorie diet causes different metabolic effects in women than in men, a new study suggests.

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Tuesday, August 7, 2018

Soy diets might increase women's bone strength

Researchers now have discovered through a new animal study that soy protein found in food might counter the negative effects of menopause on bone and metabolic health. Moreover, the researchers believe that soy protein might also have positive impacts on bone strength for women who have not yet reached menopause.

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Got the 'drunchies'? New study shows how heavy drinking affects diet

After seeing an ad in a campus newspaper promoting unhealthy late-night foods, researchers decided to look at a sample of college students to better understand how drinking affects what they eat.

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US teens: Higher prevalence of obesity than Grenada youth

Medical researchers have found a lower prevalence of overweight and obesity among youth in Grenada compared to US adolescents. The differences may reflect the impact of the westernized diet and lifestyle. The research may lead to a change in worldwide obesity prevention strategy.

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Monday, August 6, 2018

Low-protein diet during pregnancy increases prostate cancer risk in offspring, rat study shows

Experiments with rats show that intrauterine protein restriction induces sex hormone imbalance, which appears to favor development of cancer in old age. The rate of prostate tumor development reached 50 percent among the old rats submitted to low-protein diet during pregnancy and lactation alike.

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Saturday, August 4, 2018

Insulin resistance under-diagnosed in non-diabetics with Parkinson's disease

Almost two-thirds of non-diabetic patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) may be insulin resistant, despite having normal blood sugar, report scientists. Their findings suggest that insulin resistance in PD is a common and largely undetected problem, especially in patients who are overweight.

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Friday, August 3, 2018

Eating crickets can be good for your gut, according to new clinical trial

A new clinical trial shows that consuming crickets can help support the growth of beneficial gut bacteria and that eating crickets is not only safe at high doses but may also reduce inflammation in the body.

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Cystic fibrosis impacts growth in the womb, research shows

New research has shown that babies with cystic fibrosis are born weighing less than babies without the condition, even allowing that they are more likely to be born prematurely.

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Blocking digestive hormone may prevent diet-induced pancreatic cancer

A high-fat diet may promote the growth of pancreatic cancer independent of obesity because of the interaction between dietary fat and cholecystokinin (CCK), a digestive hormone. In addition, blocking CCK may help prevent the spread of pancreatic tumors to other areas of the body (metastases).

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Thursday, August 2, 2018

Why weight loss produces remission of type 2 diabetes in some patients

A clinical trial recently showed that nearly half of individuals with type 2 diabetes achieved remission to a non-diabetic state after a weight-loss intervention delivered within six years of diagnosis. Now a new study eveals that this successful response to weight loss is associated with the early and sustained improvement in the functioning of pancreatic beta cells.

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Wednesday, August 1, 2018

Makeup of an individual's gut bacteria may play role in weight loss

A preliminary study suggests that, for some people, specific activities of gut bacteria may be responsible for their inability to lose weight, despite adherence to strict diet and exercise regimens.

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Innovative technique converts white fat to brown fat

Increasing healthy brown fat might help weight management and reduce symptoms of diabetes. Engineers have developed a simple, innovative method to directly convert white fat to brown fat outside the body and then reimplant it in a patient. The technique uses fat-grafting procedures commonly performed by plastic surgeons, in which fat is harvested from under the skin and then retransplanted into the same patient for cosmetic or reconstructive purposes.

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Measure of belly fat in older adults is linked with cognitive impairment

Data from over 5,000 adults over the age of 60 indicates that as waist:hip ratio increases, so does cognitive impairment. The findings have significant implications as the global prevalence of dementia is predicted to increase from 24.3 million in 2001 to 81.1 million by 2040.

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Monday, July 30, 2018

Diet matters less than evolutionary relationships in shaping gut microbiome

In the largest published comparative dataset of non-human primate gut microbiomes to date, a new study set out to find whether leaf-eating primates have similar gut microbes that help them break down their leafy diet, which is full of fiber and toxins.

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Experimental drug reverses hair loss and skin damage linked to fatty diet, shows new study in mice

In a series of experiments with mice, investigators have used an experimental compound to successfully reverse hair loss, hair whitening and skin inflammation linked by previous studies to human diets heavy in fat and cholesterol.

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Why bariatric surgery wait times have nearly doubled in 10 years

Eligible patients are increasingly facing longer waits for operations proven to help them safely lose weight that endangers their health, according to a multi-center study. Often driven by insurers, delays in approving weight-loss surgery can deter some patients from the pursuit. And waiting longer doesn't improve safety.

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Saturday, July 28, 2018

Fat production and burning are synchronized in livers of mice with obesity

Mice fed a fattening diet develop new liver circadian rhythms that impact the way fat is accumulated and simultaneously burned. The team found that as liver fat production increases, surprisingly, so does the body's ability to burn fat. These opposing physiological processes reach their peak activity each day around 5 p.m., illustrating an unexpected connection between overeating, circadian rhythms, and fat accumulation in the liver.

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Thursday, July 26, 2018

Bile acids from the gut could help to treat cocaine abuse

Bile acids that aid fat digestion are also found to reduce the rewarding properties of cocaine use, according to a new study.

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Osteoporosis, fracture risk predicted with new genetic screen

A new genetic screen may predict a person's future risk of osteoporosis and bone fracture, according to a new study.

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Adherence to healthy diets associated with lower cancer risk

A diet that encourages both healthy eating and physical activity and discourages alcohol consumption was associated with a reduced overall cancer risk, as well as lower breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer risks.

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Highlighting Recent NCCIH Pain-Research News: Part 2

In this blog post, Acting NCCIH Director Dr. David Shurtleff discusses highlights from the 2018 symposium, “From Science to Society: At the Intersection of Chronic Pain Management and the Opioid Crisis” & invites people to attend a one-day pain symposium co-sponsored by NCCIH on Tuesday, September 11, 2018 in advance of the World Congress on Pain.



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Wednesday, July 25, 2018

Highlighting Recent NCCIH Pain-Research News: Part 1

In this blog post, Acting NCCIH Director Dr. David Shurtleff discusses NCCIH and NIH plans that focus on the opioid epidemic and problems with which it is often associated: pain; chronic pain; substance misuse and addiction; and mental health problems. 



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Highlighting Recent NCCIH Pain-Research News: Part 1

In this blog post, Acting NCCIH Director Dr. David Shurtleff discusses NCCIH and NIH plans that focus on the opioid epidemic and problems with which it is often associated: pain; chronic pain; substance misuse and addiction; and mental health problems. 



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Tuesday, July 24, 2018

Researchers explore popular food trends in nutritional review

What's the bottom line on the potential heart health benefits of popular health foods? Researchers discuss nutritional ''hypes'' and controversies around dairy products, added sugar, legumes, coffee and tea, alcohol, energy drinks, mushrooms, fermented foods, Omega-3s and vitamin B12.

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NIH expands program that conducts large-scale clinical trials in real-world settings

This press release addresses the National Institutes of Health’s Health Care Systems (HCS) Research Collaboratory and announces five new research awards; such research will help strengthen the relevance of research results to health practice.



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NIH Collaboratory Expands Its Portfolio of Pragmatic Clinical Trials

In this blog post, Dr. Catherine Meyers discusses new Pragmatic Clinical Trial (PCT) Demonstration Projects that have been funded within the NIH Health Care Systems Research Collaboratory.



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NIH Collaboratory Expands Its Portfolio of Pragmatic Clinical Trials

In this blog post, Dr. Catherine Meyers discusses new Pragmatic Clinical Trial (PCT) Demonstration Projects that have been funded within the NIH Health Care Systems Research Collaboratory.



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King Bio Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Aquaflora Candida HP9, Lymph Detox, and Baby Teething Liquids Due to Microbial Contamination

King Bio voluntarily recalls lots of Aquaflora Candida HP9, Lymph Detox, and Baby Teething liquids due to microbial contamination.



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Friday, July 20, 2018

Effect of genetic factors on nutrition: The genes are not to blame

Individualized dietary recommendations based on genetic information are currently a popular trend. A team has systematically analyzed scientific articles and reached the following conclusion: There is no clear evidence for the effect of genetic factors on the consumption of total calories, carbohydrates, and fat. According to the current state of knowledge, the expedience of gene-based dietary recommendations has yet to be proven.

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New study shows certain video games can improve health in children with obesity

A new study showed for the first time that video games, in combination with fitness coaching and a step tracker, helped overweight children lose weight, lower their blood pressure and cholesterol and increase their physical activity.

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Caffeine affects food intake at breakfast, but its effect is limited and transient

A new study found that after drinking a small amount of caffeine, participants consumed 10 percent less at a breakfast buffet provided by researchers, but this effect did not persist throughout the day and had no impact on participants' perceptions of their appetites. Based on these findings, the investigators have concluded that caffeine is not effective as an appetite suppressant and weight-loss aid.

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Thursday, July 19, 2018

Low- or no-calorie soft drinks linked to improved outcomes in colon cancer

Drinking artificially-sweetened beverages is associated with a significantly lower risk of colon cancer recurrence and cancer death, scientists have found.

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High fruit and vegetable consumption may reduce risk of breast cancer

Women who eat a high amount of fruits and vegetables each day may have a lower risk of breast cancer, especially of aggressive tumors, than those who eat fewer fruits and vegetables, according to a new study.

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Food for thought: How the brain reacts to food may be linked to overeating

The reason why some people find it so hard to resist finishing an entire bag of chips or bowl of candy may lie with how their brain responds to food rewards, according to researchers who found that when certain regions of the brain reacted more strongly to being rewarded with food than being rewarded with money, those people were more likely to overeat.

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Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Autism risk determined by health of mom's gut

The mother's microbiome, the collection of microscopic organisms that live inside us, determines the risk of autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders in her offspring, new research shows. The work raises the possibility we could prevent autism by altering expectant moms' diets.

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Link found between bitter-taste sensitivity and cancer risk

High bitter-taste sensitivity is associated with a significantly increased risk of cancer in older British women, according to researchers who conducted a unique study of 5,500 women whose diet, lifestyle and health has been tracked for about 20 years.

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Pursuing a Research Career? Apply September 1–November 15, 2018 for NIH Student Loan Repayment!

In this blog post Dr. Lanay Mudd discusses NIH Loan Repayment Programs for researchers.



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Use of Natural Products by Children

kids eating

Read this issue of NCCIH’s Clinical Digest to learn more about the use of natural products by children.



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Omega 3 supplements have little or no heart or vascular health benefit

Omega 3 supplements have little or no effect on the risk of heart disease, stroke or death -- according to new research. Increased consumption of omega 3 fats is widely promoted globally because of a common belief that that it will protect against heart disease. But a new Cochrane review finds that omega 3 supplements offer little, if any, benefit.

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Research on British teeth unlocks potential for new insights into ancient diets

Goofy, yellow and crooked: British smiles have sometimes had a less-than-flattering international image, but a new study has put tartar from our infamously bad teeth to good use. Researchers analysing the teeth of Britons from the Iron Age to the modern day have unlocked the potential for using proteins in tooth tartar to reveal what our ancestors ate.

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Tuesday, July 17, 2018

A single genetic change in gut bacteria alters host metabolism

Scientists have found that deleting a single gene in a particular strain of gut bacteria causes changes in metabolism and reduced weight gain in mice.

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While men lose more weight on low-carb diets, women show improved artery flexibility

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 1 out of 3 American adults live with higher than normal blood sugar levels known as prediabetes. Researchers recently found that while men may lose more weight on low-carb diets, women actually see better improvements in artery flexibility. It's a finding that may help pre-diabetic women reduce their risk for heart disease through a low-carb diet.

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Anti-obesity drug derived from chili peppers shows promise in animal trials

A novel drug based on capsaicin, the compound that gives chili peppers their spicy burn, caused long term weight loss and improved metabolic health in mice eating a high fat diet. The drug, Metabocin, was designed to slowly release capsaicin throughout the day so it can exert its anti-obesity effect without producing inflammation or adverse side effects.

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Researchers identify brain area linked to motivational disruptions in binge eating

Scientists have discovered that a small group of brain cells in the hypothalamus called 'orexin' neurons could be a promising target for medications for controlling binge eating episodes in individuals with obesity. These neurons, named for the chemical messenger they use to communicate with other brain cells, have previously been shown to be important for addiction to several drugs, including cocaine.

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Mindset during meal planning changes food choices and brain responses to food

A simple instruction to change your thinking as mealtime approaches can help cut calories, according to new research. By encouraging study participants to concentrate on different types of information when planning their meal, the experimenters saw portion sizes shift. Adopting a health-focused mindset produced better outcomes than focusing on pleasure or the desire to fill up.

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Monday, July 16, 2018

Weight loss surgery may affect the risk of cancer

A new analysis indicates that weight loss surgery may affect an individual's risk of developing cancer.

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Testosterone research brings new hope for cancer patients

Approximately 20 percent of cancer related deaths are attributed to the syndrome of cachexia. Medical researchers now show that the hormone testosterone is effective at combating cachexia in cancer patients and improving quality of life.

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Blissful Remedies Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Certain Kratom Powder Capsule

Blissful Remedies recalls kratom product Lot No.: 112710 with expiration 03/2019 found embedded on the top of package of kratom ( mitragyn a speciosa) powder products, manufactured, processed, packed, and/or held, between March 1, 2018 to April 30, 2018.



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Saturday, July 14, 2018

LDL quality is a novel, modifiable cardiovascular risk marker

The presence of sticky, aggregation-prone LDL in circulation is an independent predictor of cardiovascular death. This novel finding indicates that in addition to LDL-cholesterol levels, the quality of the cholesterol-carrying LDL particles also needs to be considered when estimating the cardiovascular risk of a person, say the researchers.

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Thursday, July 12, 2018

Obesity alone does not increase risk of death

Researchers have found that patients who have metabolic healthy obesity, but no other metabolic risk factors, do not have an increased rate of mortality. The results of this study could impact how we think about obesity and health.

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Wednesday, July 11, 2018

New research could banish guilty feeling for consuming whole dairy products

Enjoying full-fat milk, yogurt, cheese and butter is unlikely to send people to an early grave, according to new research.

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Most black adults have high blood pressure before age 55

Approximately 75 percent of black men and women develop high blood pressure by age 55 compared to 55 percent of white men and 40 percent of white women of the same age. Both black and white study participants who ate a DASH-style diet had a reduced risk of developing high blood pressure.

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How a Mediterranean diet could reduce bone loss in osteoporosis

Eating a Mediterranean-type diet could reduce bone loss in people with osteoporosis -- according to new research. New findings show that sticking to a diet rich in fruit, vegetables, nuts, unrefined cereals, olive oil, and fish can reduce hip bone loss within just 12 months.

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One-Day Chronic Pain Symposium in Boston To Feature Researchers and Patients

I want to alert you to an exciting 1-day research symposium on chronic pain organized by the NCCIH Pain Working Group.



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Tuesday, July 10, 2018

7 Tips for Cleaning Fruits, Vegetables

Fresh produce can become contaminated in many ways, but following these simple steps can help protect you and your family from foodborne illness.

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Multivitamins do not promote cardiovascular health

Multivitamins and mineral supplements do not prevent heart attacks, strokes or cardiovascular death. Data pooled from multiple studies show no health benefit of multivitamins.

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Monday, July 9, 2018

Can fasting improve MS symptoms?

People with multiple sclerosis (MS) can find an abundance of conflicting advice suggesting that special diets will ease their symptoms. But the evidence is scanty. A new trial evaluates whether drastically cutting calories twice a week can change the body's immune environment and the gut microbiome, and potentially change the course of the disease.

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Teenagers can thank their parents' positive attitude for avoiding obesity

Teenagers are less likely to be overweight if their mum or dad had a positive attitude during pregnancy, a new study finds.

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Gene therapy shown to cure type 2 diabetes and obesity in mice, researchers report

A single administration of a therapeutic vector in mouse models cures type 2 diabetes and obesity in the absence of long-term side effects, researchers report. In healthy mice, the therapy prevents age-associated weight gain and insulin resistance and promotes healthy aging.

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LL’S Magnetic Clay Inc. Expands Allergy Alert On Undeclared Allergens In Prescript-Assist Dietary Supplement To All Lots

LL’s Magnetic Clay, Inc. of Austin, Texas recalls all lots of Prescript-Assist (still within expiration date) because of its potential to contain undeclared allergens, including almonds, crustaceans, milk, casein, eggs, and peanuts.



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National school food policies have potential to improve health now and later

Providing free fruits and vegetables and limiting sugary drinks in schools could have positive health effects in both the short- and long-term, finds a new Food-PRICE study.

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Friday, July 6, 2018

Savory foods may promote healthy eating through effects on the brain

Researchers have found that consuming a broth rich in umami -- or savory taste -- can cause subtle changes in the brain that promote healthy eating behaviors and food choices, especially in women at risk of obesity.

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Obesity and overweight linked to long-term health problems after traumatic brain injury

Especially at longer follow-up times, overweight and obesity are associated with chronic disease risks for survivors of moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), according to a new study.

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Thursday, July 5, 2018

BPA risk factor for inflammatory bowel disease

A recent study in a preclinical model of inflammatory bowel disease shows dietary exposure to bisphenol-A, or BPA, found in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, can increase mortality and worsen its symptoms.

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Web-based support system may help people lose weight and keep it off

In a randomized long-term lifestyle change trial, an Internet-based health behavior change support system was effective in improving weight loss and reduction in waist circumference for up to two years.

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Healthy diet may lower eye disease risk

An analysis of recent high-quality research reveals that diet may affect individuals' risks related to the development and progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

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Linked between Consumption of fast food and asthma, other allergic diseases

A new review and analysis of published studies reveals a link between fast food consumption and an increased likelihood of having asthma, wheeze, and several other allergic diseases such as pollen fever, eczema, and rhino-conjunctivitis.

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Wednesday, July 4, 2018

Mothers who follow five healthy habits may reduce risk of obesity in children

Children and adolescents whose mothers follow five healthy habits -- eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, keeping a healthy body weight, drinking alcohol in moderation, and not smoking -- are 75 percent less likely to become obese when compared with children of mothers who did not follow any such habits, according to a new study.

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A diet rich in nuts improves sperm count and motility

The inclusion of nuts in a regular diet significantly improves the quality and function of human sperm, according to results of a randomized trial which measured conventional semen parameters and molecular changes over a 14-week study period. The findings, say the investigators, 'support a beneficial role for chronic nut consumption in sperm quality' and reflect a research need for further male-specific dietary recommendations.

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Tuesday, July 3, 2018

The impact of the sugar tax in Chile: A bittersweet success?

A new sugar tax introduced on soft drinks in Chile has been effective in reducing consumption of sugary drinks, new research carried out in the country has revealed. However, the international research team say although consumption may have dropped, it may not be enough to reduce socioeconomic inequalities in diet-related health.

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Study Explores the Molecular Basis of Chronic Pain Following Nerve Injury

After an injury, neurons undergo genetic changes that are initiated by DLK and lead to pain and nerve damage. Over time (left to right), certain genes become more active.

Researchers identifiy a key molecule, dual leucine zipper kinase (DLK), that controls pathways leading to chronic neuropathic pain following nerve injury.



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Saturday, June 30, 2018

Obesity + aging linked to Alzheimer's markers in the brain

A new study suggests that when a high-fat, high-sugar diet that leads to obesity is paired with normal aging, it may contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease. In addition, researchers discovered that certain areas of the brain respond differently to risk factors associated with Alzheimer's.

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Progress toward improved Wilson's disease drug

Researchers report that they have conducted promising preclinical experiments on a compound that could be used to treat Wilson's disease and possibly other disorders -- including certain types of cancer -- in which levels of copper in the body are elevated, causing or contributing to pathology.

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Friday, June 29, 2018

NCCIH Grantees: Using Administrative Supplements To Fund Additional Research on Pain or Opioid Use Disorder

Think of administrative supplements when you’re thinking of how to fund research projects.



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Wednesday, June 27, 2018

To K or Not To K?

Applying for a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Career Development Award (or K award)? Read this for more information.



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Thursday, June 21, 2018

Higher body fat linked to lower breast cancer risk in younger women

An analysis has linked higher body mass index, or BMI, to lower breast cancer risk for younger women, even for women within a normal weight range.

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Wednesday, June 20, 2018

Atrial fibrillation: Weight loss reverses heart condition in obesity sufferers

Australian research shows for the first time that obese people who are suffering from atrial fibrillation can reduce or reverse the effects of the condition by losing weight.

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Lonely and prolonged struggle for people with severe obesity

The majority of people with severe obesity have a lonely and prolonged struggle with their weight. In one study spanning more than 10 years, 83 percent report that they constantly strive to lose weight or prevent weight gain.

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Monday, June 18, 2018

Gut microbes may contribute to depression and anxiety in obesity

Like everyone, people with type 2 diabetes and obesity suffer from depression and anxiety, but even more so. Researchers now have demonstrated a surprising potential contributor to these negative feelings -- and that is the bacteria in the gut or gut microbiome, as it is known.

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Friday, June 15, 2018

Foods combining fats and carbohydrates more rewarding than foods with just fats or carbs

Researchers show that the reward center of the brain values foods high in both fat and carbohydrates -- i.e., many processed foods -- more than foods containing only fat or only carbs. A study of 206 adults supports the idea that these kinds of foods hijack our body's inborn signals governing food consumption.

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Thursday, June 14, 2018

Allergen in red meat linked to heart disease

A team of researchers says it has linked sensitivity to an allergen in red meat to the buildup of plaque in the arteries of the heart. While high saturated fat levels in red meat have long been known to contribute to heart disease for people in general, the new finding suggests that a subgroup of the population may be at heightened risk for a different reason -- a food allergen.

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Adolescents who consume diet high in saturated fats may develop poor stress skills

Adolescents who consume a diet high in saturated fats may develop poor stress coping skills, signs of post-traumatic stress disorder as adults.

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Tuesday, June 12, 2018

NIH launches HerbList, a mobile app on herbal products

HerbList

[em]App offers easy access to scientifically backed information on herbs and herbal products[/em]

To help consumers navigate information about popular herbs and herbal supplements, the National Institutes of Health’s National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health has launched HerbList™ – an app for research-based information about the safety and effectiveness of herbal products.



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NIH launches HerbList, a mobile app on herbal products

HerbList

[em]App offers easy access to scientifically backed information on herbs and herbal products[/em]

To help consumers navigate information about popular herbs and herbal supplements, the National Institutes of Health’s National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health has launched HerbList™ – an app for research-based information about the safety and effectiveness of herbal products.



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Monday, June 11, 2018

'Surgery in a pill' a potential treatment for diabetes

Orally administered material temporarily coats the intestine, reduces blood sugar spikes in preclinical study.

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Saturday, June 9, 2018

Kitchen towels could contribute to the growth of potential pathogens that cause food poisoning

Researchers have shown that factors such as family size, type of diet, multi-usage of towels, among other factors, impact the growth of pathogens on kitchen towels, potentially causing food poisoning.

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Friday, June 8, 2018

Consumer food choices can help reduce greenhouse emissions contributing to climate change

Changes in diet have been proposed as a way to reduce carbon emissions from the food system. A new study provides the latest and most comprehensive estimate of greenhouse gas emissions generated by US consumer food purchases, and assesses how those choices could affect diet and climate change.

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Caloric intake and muscle mass at high altitude

New research looks at why a group of young, healthy adults residing at high altitude lost muscle mass while severely underfed and consuming the same high-protein diet that preserved muscle during weight loss at sea level.

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Thursday, June 7, 2018

High vitamin D levels linked to lower cholesterol in children

There is a link between higher serum vitamin D levels and lower plasma cholesterol levels in primary school children, new research shows.

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Prevent Heartworms in Dogs, Cats, and Ferrets Year-Round

Heartworm disease is fatal to pets, but it is also preventable. Learn more about the dangers of heartworm disease and the importance of year-round prevention.

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Wednesday, June 6, 2018

NIH Collaboratory Workshop Discusses Strategies for Future Pragmatic Clinical Trials

In this blog post, Dr. Catherine Meyers discusses a recent workshop on embedded pragmatic clinical trials (PCTs) of therapeutic A vs. B interventions and how they may help bridge the gap between evidence, practice, and policy.



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Tuesday, June 5, 2018

Maternal fatty acid balance affects offspring obesity thorough gut microbial population

A new study finds that the balance between omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids in the tissues of female mammals, which previous research has suggested can impact the incidence of obesity in their offspring, may to do so through its effect on the microbial population of the infant's gastrointestinal tract.

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Monday, June 4, 2018

Medical Devices that Treat Obesity: What to Know

Obesity has been linked to many health problems, including heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure. Treatments for obesity range from healthy eating and exercise to prescription medicine and surgery. In recent years, FDA-regulated medical devices have also played a treatment role. Learn about approved products.

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Brain structure may predict diet success

Differences in the structure of the prefrontal cortex predict an individual's ability to make healthier food choices, according to a new analysis of previous research in healthy men and women. The article suggests an important role of these anatomical markers in decisions that have long-term effects on health and wellbeing.

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Sunday, June 3, 2018

Inefficient fat metabolism a possible cause of overweight

Protracted weight gain can, in some cases, be attributed to a reduced ability to metabolize fat, a new study shows. Sensitive individuals might need more intensive lifestyle changes if they are to avoid becoming overweight and developing type 2 diabetes, claim the researchers, who are now developing means of measuring the ability to break down fat.

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Thursday, May 31, 2018

Insufficient vitamin D linked to miscarriage among women with prior pregnancy loss

Among women planning to conceive after a pregnancy loss, those who had sufficient levels of vitamin D were more likely to become pregnant and have a live birth, compared to women with insufficient levels of the vitamin, according to a recent analysis.

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Wednesday, May 30, 2018

June 4th Lecture to Explore Pain Treatment in Military and Veteran Populations

On Monday, June 4, at 11 a.m., Mary Jo Larson, Ph.D., M.P.A.will discuss “Caring for Our Military: Considering Nondrug Therapies for Pain.” Part of  NCCIH’s Integrative Medicine Research Lecture Series, her talk will take place on the NIH campus in Bethesda, Maryland, and will be streamed live and archived for later viewing at videocast.nih.gov. 



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Monday, May 28, 2018

Most vitamin, mineral supplements not shown to lower heart disease risk

Current research does not show enough evidence that vitamin or mineral supplements are beneficial for preventing or treating heart disease, with the exception of folic acid for reducing stroke risk, according to a review. Current recommendations to adopt healthy diets that are heavy in plant-based foods from which these vitamins are derived naturally should be reinforced.

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Processes in the gut that drive fat build-up around the waist

Research into the role the gut plays in processing and distributing fat could pave the way for the development of personalized treatments for obesity and other chronic diseases within the next decade.

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Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Married couples share risk of developing diabetes

Researchers have discovered a connection between the BMI of one spouse and the other spouse's risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The researchers therefore believe that efforts to detect undiagnosed diabetes and so-called prediabetes should not focus exclusively on the individual, but also on couples and households.

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Shoreside Enterprises Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of 7K and Poseidon 4500 (Extreme 1000 Mg) Due to Presence of Undeclared Sildenafil and Tadalafil

Shoreside Enterprises, Inc. recalls 7K (Lot specific: Lot #RO) and Poseidon 4500 (Extreme 1000 mg) (Lot specific: Lot #20117BL) to the consumer level. due to undeclared Sildenafil and/or Tadalafil.



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Badger Botanicals Recalls Red Suma, Green Suma, Green Hulu 2, And Red Hulu 2 Kratom Supplements Because Of Possible Salmonella Health Risk

Badger Botanicals recalls 250-g pouches of Green Suma, Red Suma, Green Hulu 2, and Red Hulu 2 kratom dietary supplements sold directly to consumers via the company website from January 1st, 2018 to April l 12th, 2018 due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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Experimental drug eases effects of gluten for celiac patients on gluten-free diet

An investigational new drug offers hope of relief for celiac disease patients who are inadvertently exposed to gluten while on a gluten-free diet. Inadvertent exposure to gluten can be a frequent occurrence for celiac patients that triggers symptoms, such as pain in the gut and diarrhea, due to intestinal damage.

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Monday, May 21, 2018

Mediterranean diet may blunt air pollution's ill health effects

Eating a Mediterranean diet may protect people from some of the harm of long-term exposure to air pollution, and reduce their risk of dying from heart attacks, stroke and other causes of death, according to new research.

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5 Tips for a Healthy Vacation

As you plan your next beach vacation, make sure your trip is a healthy one. Consider these five tips on sun safety, medications, contact lenses, tattoos, and eating well.

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Thursday, May 17, 2018

Diabetes researchers find switch for fatty liver disease

Researchers have identified a key fork in the road for the way the liver deals with carbohydrates, fats and protein. They say it could be a promising new target for combating the pandemics of fatty liver disease and prediabetes.

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Wednesday, May 16, 2018

Big data from world's largest citizen science microbiome project serves food for thought

Researchers have published the first major results from the American Gut Project -- a crowdsourced, global citizen science effort. The project is the largest published study to date of the human microbiome -- the unique microbial communities that inhabit our bodies.

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Exercise beats genetics in determining amount of body fat

With obesity now a global epidemic, there is increased focus on risk factors that contribute to weight gain, especially in postmenopausal women. Although many women may blame genetics for their expanding waistlines, a new study shows that as women age they are more likely to overcome genetic predisposition to obesity through exercise.

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Tuesday, May 15, 2018

A high-fiber diet protects mice against the flu virus

Dietary fiber increases survival in influenza-infected mice by setting the immune system at a healthy level of responsiveness, according to a preclinical study published May 15 in the journal Immunity. A high-fiber diet blunts harmful, excessive immune responses in the lungs while boosting antiviral immunity by activating T cells. These dual benefits were mediated by changes in the composition of gut bacteria.

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Omega-3, omega-6 in diet alters gene expression in obesity

A new study reveals that essential fats in the diet may play a role in regulating protein secretion in the muscles by changing the way genes associated with secretion act.

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Monday, May 14, 2018

Very obese women should lose weight during pregnancy for a healthy baby

Very obese women should actually lose weight during pregnancy in order to have a healthy baby, contrary to current recommendations, according to a new study. The researchers behind the study say the current guidelines for weight gain in pregnancy should be adjusted for better outcomes in underweight and very obese women and their babies.

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Friday, May 11, 2018

Healthy diet may lower risk of hearing loss in women

In a new study, researchers examined the relation between three different diets and risk of developing hearing loss, and found that eating a healthy diet is associated with a lower risk of acquired hearing loss in women.

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'Gluten-Free' Means What It Says

The only way to manage celiac disease is to avoid eating foods containing gluten. Learn how FDA's definition of 'gluten free' on food labels makes that possible.

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New link between gut microbiome and artery hardening discovered

The level of diversity of the 'good bacteria' in our digestive systems has been found to be linked to a feature of cardiovascular disease -- hardening of the arteries -- in new research.

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Tuesday, May 8, 2018

Symptoms of osteoarthritis may be lessened with simple changes to the diet

One gram of fish oil a day could help reduce the pain of patients with osteoarthritis, a new study finds. Researchers also found that a reduction of weight for overweight and obese patients and the introduction of exercise tailored to mobility could also help ease the symptoms of osteoarthritis.

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Switching off insatiable hunger

Researchers have successfully treated patients whose obesity is caused by a genetic defect. Aside from its beneficial effects on the patients, the researchers also provided insights into the fundamental signaling pathways regulating satiety of the new drug.

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Next Steps for Research on Probiotics and Microbial-Host Keystone Organisms

Could discoveries about probiotics and the microbiome eventually help us to eat healthier, live longer, and even eliminate some chronic diseases?



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Neural Mechanisms of Manual Therapies for Chronic Pain

In this blog post, Dr. Merav Sabri, of NCCIH’s Division of Extramural Research, discusses the scientific basis for manual therapies and their use in treating chronic pain conditions, and also addresses an NCCIH-sponsored symposium about this at ICIMH on May 11, 2018.



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Next Steps for Research on Probiotics and Microbial-Host Keystone Organisms

Could discoveries about probiotics and the microbiome eventually help us to eat healthier, live longer, and even eliminate some chronic diseases?



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Flexible, wearable oral sodium sensor could help improve hypertension control

For people who have hypertension and certain other conditions, eating too much salt raises blood pressure and increases the likelihood of heart complications. To help monitor salt intake, researchers have developed a flexible and stretchable wireless sensing system designed to be comfortably worn in the mouth to measure the amount of sodium a person consumes.

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Monday, May 7, 2018

Molecule that supports blood-cell production under dietary stress is identified

Researchers report how the Spred1 molecule is involved in hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal. Experiments with mouse models show that under normal conditions, Spred1 acts as a negative regulator, while under diet-induced stress, it protects hematopoietic homeostasis.

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How Many Calories? Keep an Eye on the Menu

FDA's final rule on menu labeling gives consumers the information on calories they need to make informed food choices.

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Very-low-carb diet shows promise in type 1 diabetes

Very-low-carbohydrate diets can improve blood sugar control in type 1 diabetes, with low rates of hypoglycemia and other complications, according to an online patient survey. The researchers now call for controlled clinical trials of this approach.

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Eggs not linked to cardiovascular risk, despite conflicting advice

Eating up to 12 eggs a week does not increase cardiovascular risk factors in people with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, new research finds -- despite conflicting dietary advice continuing around the world.

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Saturday, May 5, 2018

Gut check: Metabolites shed by intestinal microbiota keep inflammation at bay

Researchers have elucidated a mechanism by which 'good' bacteria that reside in our gastrointestinal tract can help protect us from inflammation, and how their disruption (dysbiosis) can increase the susceptibility of the liver to more harmful forms of disease. Their study identified two key metabolites produced by the bacteria in mice that modulate inflammation in the host and could ultimately reduce the severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

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Working together key to weight loss in relationships

Couples who are trying to lose weight could be putting their relationship under strain by using unsuitable strategies to achieve their weight loss goals, a new study suggests.

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Friday, May 4, 2018

Looking Back, Looking Forward: NCCIH at 20

In this blog post, NCCIH Outreach Program Manager Anita McRae-Williams discusses some milestones in NCCIH history, and calls attention to an upcoming retrospective session at the upcoming International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health.



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Unpacking the New NIH Policies for Research with Human Participants

Scientific disciplines can differ on what elements of a study are necessary to meet the definition of a “clinical trial.” Some investigators conducting human subjects research may not know that NIH considers their study to be a clinical trial - - a term defined broadly by NIH as “a research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biom



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Researchers defy biology: Mice remain slim on burger diet

Our bodies are extremely efficient at storing fat from food into our fat tissue. In a new study, researchers have managed to completely block the development of obesity. The researchers deleted an enzyme and made it impossible for mice to increase their amount of fat tissue, despite the mice eating an extremely fatty diet. They are hoping the findings will open new avenues for better treatment of obesity.

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Thursday, May 3, 2018

Looking Back, Looking Forward: NCCIH at 20

In this blog post, NCCIH Outreach Program Manager Anita McRae-Williams discusses some milestones in NCCIH history, and calls attention to an upcoming retrospective session at the upcoming International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health.



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Unpacking the New NIH Policies for Research with Human Participants

Scientific disciplines can differ on what elements of a study are necessary to meet the definition of a “clinical trial.” Some investigators conducting human subjects research may not know that NIH considers their study to be a clinical trial - - a term defined broadly by NIH as “a research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biom



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What the gorilla microbiome tells us about evolution and human health

A study of the microbiomes of wild gorillas and chimpanzees offers insights into the evolution of the human microbiome and might even have implications for human health.

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Wednesday, May 2, 2018

Weight loss surgery may cause significant skeletal health problems

A new review examines the negative impacts of weight loss surgery on bone health.

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Food for thought: Ketogenic diets reduce athletes' anaerobic performance, study finds

Researchers found that after following a ketogenic diet, study participants did not perform as well at anaerobic exercise tasks.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2rey5Rf

Vitamin D improves weight gain and brain development in malnourished children

High dose vitamin D supplements improve weight gain and the development of language and motor skills in malnourished children, according to a new study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2FzXsSa

Diet rich in fish and legumes may help delay natural menopause

A diet rich in fish and legumes may help to delay the natural menopause, while high dietary intake of refined carbs, such as pasta and rice, may instead help to hasten it, suggests the first UK study of its kind.

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Tuesday, May 1, 2018

ICIMH Roundtable To Explore Research on Creative Art Therapies

Many current health challenges such as autism, chronic pain, and Alzheimer’s disease have remained largely intractable. Research suggests that a combination of therapeutic approaches will likely be needed to address these complex conditions. Creative art therapies may have a role to play in these multidisciplinary strategies. 



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Symposium To Explore Science of Music, the Brain, and Health

Can music help people feel better? Many of us would like to say, “Of course it can.” But what does the research say? 

The fact is that rigorous, systematic investigation of the impact of music on health—particularly in the areas of management of chronic pain and treatment of opioid-use disorder—is just beginning. 



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Symposium To Explore Science of Music, the Brain, and Health

Can music help people feel better? Many of us would like to say, “Of course it can.” But what does the research say? 

The fact is that rigorous, systematic investigation of the impact of music on health—particularly in the areas of management of chronic pain and treatment of opioid-use disorder—is just beginning. 



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ICIMH Roundtable To Explore Research on Creative Art Therapies

Many current health challenges such as autism, chronic pain, and Alzheimer’s disease have remained largely intractable. Research suggests that a combination of therapeutic approaches will likely be needed to address these complex conditions. Creative art therapies may have a role to play in these multidisciplinary strategies. 



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Do You Vape? See These Tips on How to Keep E-Liquids Away from Children

Accidentally touching or drinking e-liquids can be dangerous and even deadly for young children. So it’s important to handle and store these products carefully, to teach children to stay away from these products, and to be prepared for emergencies. Consider these tips.

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Monday, April 30, 2018

New strategies needed to help healthcare providers gain knowledge to counsel patients on diet

Healthcare providers are willing to counsel heart disease patients on diet but need more educational support.

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Following five healthy lifestyle habits may increase life expectancy by decade or more

Maintaining five healthy habits -- eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, keeping a healthy body weight, not drinking too much alcohol, and not smoking -- during adulthood may add more than a decade to life expectancy, according to a new study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2rb1oUV

Looking Back, Looking Forward: NCCIH at 20

In this blog post, NCCIH Outreach Program Manager Anita McRae-Williams discusses some milestones in NCCIH history, and calls attention to an upcoming retrospective session at the upcoming International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health.



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Obesity may hasten disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Unintentional weight loss also linked with worsening disability, perhaps related to frailty.

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Saturday, April 28, 2018

Unpacking the New NIH Policies for Research with Human Participants

Scientific disciplines can differ on what elements of a study are necessary to meet the definition of a “clinical trial.” Some investigators conducting human subjects research may not know that NIH considers their study to be a clinical trial - - a term defined broadly by NIH as “a research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biom



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds https://ift.tt/2HBYD58

Friday, April 27, 2018

Unpacking the New NIH Policies for Research with Human Participants

Scientific disciplines can differ on what elements of a study are necessary to meet the definition of a “clinical trial.” Some investigators conducting human subjects research may not know that NIH considers their study to be a clinical trial - - a term defined broadly by NIH as “a research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biom



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds https://ift.tt/2HBYD58

Looking Back, Looking Forward: NCCIH at 20

In this blog post, NCCIH Outreach Program Manager Anita McRae-Williams discusses some milestones in NCCIH history, and calls attention to an upcoming retrospective session at the upcoming International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health.



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Obesity inhibits key cancer defense mechanism

Obesity could enhance cancer development while aspirin might prevent it -- a new insight into potential targets for cancer prevention.

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Thursday, April 26, 2018

Symposium To Explore "Sixth Sense," Meditation, and Pain

Have you ever thought about what our “sixth sense” is? Can we feel it and regulate it? Does it impact our health?



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Mediterranean diet boosts beneficial bacteria, study finds

Here's another reason to eat a Mediterranean-type diet: it's good for your gut. Scientists have found that eating a plant-based diet enhanced the good bacteria living in the gut by up to 7 percent as compared to only 0.5 percent from eating a more meat-centric, Western diet.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2HybZ6M

Looking Back, Looking Forward: NCCIH at 20

In this blog post, NCCIH Outreach Program Manager Anita McRae-Williams discusses some milestones in NCCIH history, and calls attention to an upcoming retrospective session at the upcoming International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health.



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Consuming protein supplements with meals may work better for weight control

A new systematic review of available evidence indicates that consuming protein supplements with meals may be more effective at promoting weight control than consuming supplements between meals in adults following a resistance training regimen.

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Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Fetal exposure to moderate/high caffeine levels linked to excess childhood weight gain

Exposure to moderate to high caffeine levels while in the womb is linked to excess weight gain in early childhood, suggests a large observational study.

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How People Appraise a Heat Stimulus Affects How Their Autonomic Nervous Systems Respond To It, Study Finds

Steam being released from a red pot as a hand lifts the cover

Results of new NCCIH research shows how a person perceives and evaluates stimuli involving actual or prospective pain is an important component in the autonomic nervous system’s (ANS) response to such stimuli.



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Tuesday, April 24, 2018

What can a tasty milkshake teach us about the genetics of heart disease?

Analysis of high-resolution genomic data in a large study population reveals novel low-frequency polymorphisms that drive response to dietary lipids and medication.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2HrJG5I

Heart disease may only be a matter of time for those with healthy obesity

People who are 30 pounds or more overweight may want to slim down a bit even if they don't have high blood pressure or any other heart disease risk, according to scientists.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2HXV2j4

Scientists unearth vital link between fat, immunity and heat regulation

Scientists have discovered a key, previously unknown role for a population of cells that live in our fat -- these cells regulate our body heat and protect us against cold shock. The discovery opens the door to future treatments in which weight loss (or gain) is the desired goal, as activating the pathway involved may stimulate the body to burn (or not burn) white fat.

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New Insights on Pain and Opioid Use in People With Sickle Cell Disease After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant

sickle cell

NIH-funded study offers new information on pain in sickle cell disease, the use of opioids for this pain, and psychological and quality-of-life challenges faced by people with this disease.



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Monday, April 23, 2018

Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., to deliver NCCIH-hosted lecture – Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain – at NIH Monday, April 23 at 11 a.m.



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How People Appraise a Heat Stimulus Affects How Their Autonomic Nervous Systems Respond To It, Study Finds

Results of new NCCIH research shows how a person perceives and evaluates stimuli involving actual or prospective pain is an important component in the autonomic nervous system’s (ANS) response to such stimuli.



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Bias keeps women with higher body weights away from the doctor

The stigma of weight and internalized feelings relating to it were found to be associated with healthcare avoidance in women with higher body weights.

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Pediatric obesity, depression connected in the brain

Early-life obesity and depression may be driven by shared abnormalities in brain regions that process rewards, according to researchers.

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Eating more fish could prevent Parkinson's disease

Parvalbumin, a protein found in great quantities in several different fish species, has been shown to help prevent the formation of certain protein structures closely associated with Parkinson's disease. A new study shines more light on the link between consumption of fish and better long-term neurological health.

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Why zero-calorie sweeteners can still lead to diabetes, obesity

Increased awareness of the health consequences of eating too much sugar has fueled a dramatic uptick in the consumption of zero-calorie artificial sweeteners in recent decades. However, new research finds sugar replacements can also cause health changes that are linked with diabetes and obesity, suggesting that switching from regular to diet soda may be a case of 'out of the frying pan, into the fire.'

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Saturday, April 21, 2018

New method to discover drugs to treat epilepsy

For more than a third of children living with epilepsy, the currently approved medications do not stop their seizures. Researchers have developed a new drug screening method to discover drugs to treat epilepsy.

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Novel antioxidant makes old blood vessels seem young again

Older adults who take an antioxidant that specifically targets mitochondria see age-related changes in blood vessels reverse by the equivalent of 15 to 20 years within six weeks, a new study shows.

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Fat cells seem to remember unhealthy diet

Fat cells can be damaged in a short amount of time when they are exposed to the fatty acid palmitate or the hormone TNF-alpha through a fatty diet, a new study shows. The researchers hope this new knowledge may be used to develop new preventive strategies for diabetes.

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DOR protein deficiency favors the development of obesity

Deficiency in the protein DOR (also called TP53INP2) stimulates the generation of new adipose cells (which store fat) and leads to a less harmful kind of obesity, according to a new study.

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People waste nearly a pound of food daily

Americans waste nearly a pound of food per person each day, but the exact amount of food we trash differs by how healthy your diet is. Between 2007-2014, consumers wasted nearly 150,000 tons of food per day. Researchers estimate that food waste corresponded with the use of 30 million acres of land (7 percent of total US cropland) and 4.2 trillion gallons of water annually. Higher quality diets were associated with higher levels of food waste.

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Weight-loss surgery improves lives and saves money, study finds

A new study indicates that weight-loss surgery is cost-effective over 10 years and can save healthcare systems money over a lifetime.

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Friday, April 20, 2018

Certain Kratom-Containing Powder Products by Viable Solutions: Recall -Possible Salmonella Contamination

Viable Solutions is recalling Kratom-containing powder products due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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NxtGen Botanicals Maeng Da Kratom by NGB Corp.: Recall - Possible Salmonella Contamination

NGB Corp. recalls NxtGen Botanicals Maeng Da Kratom bottles of encapsulated product due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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Viable Solutions, LLC Recalls Certain Kratom-Containing Powder Products Because of Possible Health Risk

Viable Solutions of Nampa, ID recalls some Kratom-containing powder products, due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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Thursday, April 19, 2018

Pregnant moms and their offspring should limit added sugars in their diets to protect childhood cognition

A new study has determined that poorer childhood cognition occurred, particularly in memory and learning, when pregnant women or their offspring consumed greater quantities of sugar. Substituting diet soda for sugar-sweetened versions during pregnancy also appeared to have negative effects. However, children's fruit consumption had beneficial effects and was associated with higher cognitive scores.

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Dogs could be more similar to humans than we thought

Dog and human gut microbiomes have more similar genes and responses to diet than we previously thought, according to a new study

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The bugs in your gut could make you weak in the knees

Scientists have long thought that osteoarthritis in people who are obese was a consequence of excess wear and tear on joints, but a new study suggests that the microbiome is the culprit. The study shows that a high fat diet (like the Western diet) can alter gut microbes, increase inflammation throughout the body, and speed deterioration of joints. An interesting twist: a common dietary supplement overturned these effects in mice.

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Obesity linked with higher chance of developing rapid, irregular heart rate

People with obesity are more likely to develop a rapid and irregular heart rate, called atrial fibrillation, which can lead to stroke, heart failure and other complications, according to Penn State researchers. They found that people with obesity had a 40 percent higher chance of developing atrial fibrillation than people without obesity.

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Nutrizone Recalls Various Lots of Multiple Dietary Supplements Because of Possible Salmonella Health Risk

Nutrizone, LLC expands recall of various kratom products.



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Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Why is it harder for females to gain weight?

Why is it harder for females to gain weight? A new study proposes that part of the answer may be in the brain.

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Tuesday, April 17, 2018

Statins save lives of people with high levels of LDL cholesterol

Cholesterol-lowering drugs are more likely to save thousands of additional lives when used in people with higher levels of LDL cholesterol, or 'bad' cholesterol, according to a new study.

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Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

What: Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., an internist and health services researcher at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs (VA) Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, and an associate professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota, will present “Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain.”



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Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

What: Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., an internist and health services researcher at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs (VA) Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, and an associate professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota, will present “Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain.”



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Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

What: Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., an internist and health services researcher at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs (VA) Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, and an associate professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota, will present “Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain.”



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Epic Products, LLC, Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of All Lots of Euphoric Capsules Due to Presence of Undeclared Sildenafil and Tadalafil

Epic Products, LLC voluntarily recalls all lots of Euphoric capsules due to contamination with undeclared sildenafil and tadalafil.



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'Rhino 69 Extreme 50000' Recalled due to Presence of Active Ingredient 'Tadalafil'

AMA Wholesale Inc. recalls Rhino 69 Extreme 50000 capsules due to contamination with undeclared tadalafil.



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Monday, April 16, 2018

NCCIH Presentations at the 2018 International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health

In this blog post Dr. Emmeline Edwards describes NCCIH participation at the 2018 International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health conference.



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People with Type 2 diabetes who eat breakfast later, more likely to have a higher BMI

Being an "evening person" is linked to higher body mass indices among people with Type 2 diabetes, and having breakfast later in the day seems to be what drives this association, according to a new article.

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Mind and Body Approaches for Substance Use Disorders

Meditation

Are any complementary health approaches effective ways to treat substance use disorders? See what the evidence says.



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Maternal metabolic factors and early-onset puberty

In a study of more than 15,000 girls and their mothers maternal overweight and hyperglycemia were linked to the earlier onset of puberty in girls 6 to 11 years old. Early puberty has been linked to multiple adverse health developments as girls grow up.

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Friday, April 13, 2018

Mind and Body Approaches for Substance Use Disorders

Meditation

Are any complementary health approaches effective ways to treat substance use disorders? See what the evidence says.



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5 Things To Know About Mind and Body Approaches for Substance Use Disorders

Mind and body approaches, such as mindfulness-based interventions, have shown some success when used along with the treatment of substance abuse and addiction. Mindfulness-based approaches, in part, attempt to decrease the impact of negative mood, which is thought to serve as a trigger for substance use. Mind and body approaches can be part of a comprehensive addiction treatment plan that includes behavioral modifications, and may include pharmaceuticals to decrease cravings, group therapy, or counseling.



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