Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Fetal exposure to moderate/high caffeine levels linked to excess childhood weight gain

Exposure to moderate to high caffeine levels while in the womb is linked to excess weight gain in early childhood, suggests a large observational study.

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How People Appraise a Heat Stimulus Affects How Their Autonomic Nervous Systems Respond To It, Study Finds

Steam being released from a red pot as a hand lifts the cover

Results of new NCCIH research shows how a person perceives and evaluates stimuli involving actual or prospective pain is an important component in the autonomic nervous system’s (ANS) response to such stimuli.



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Tuesday, April 24, 2018

What can a tasty milkshake teach us about the genetics of heart disease?

Analysis of high-resolution genomic data in a large study population reveals novel low-frequency polymorphisms that drive response to dietary lipids and medication.

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Heart disease may only be a matter of time for those with healthy obesity

People who are 30 pounds or more overweight may want to slim down a bit even if they don't have high blood pressure or any other heart disease risk, according to scientists.

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Scientists unearth vital link between fat, immunity and heat regulation

Scientists have discovered a key, previously unknown role for a population of cells that live in our fat -- these cells regulate our body heat and protect us against cold shock. The discovery opens the door to future treatments in which weight loss (or gain) is the desired goal, as activating the pathway involved may stimulate the body to burn (or not burn) white fat.

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New Insights on Pain and Opioid Use in People With Sickle Cell Disease After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant

sickle cell

NIH-funded study offers new information on pain in sickle cell disease, the use of opioids for this pain, and psychological and quality-of-life challenges faced by people with this disease.



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Monday, April 23, 2018

Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., to deliver NCCIH-hosted lecture – Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain – at NIH Monday, April 23 at 11 a.m.



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How People Appraise a Heat Stimulus Affects How Their Autonomic Nervous Systems Respond To It, Study Finds

Results of new NCCIH research shows how a person perceives and evaluates stimuli involving actual or prospective pain is an important component in the autonomic nervous system’s (ANS) response to such stimuli.



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Bias keeps women with higher body weights away from the doctor

The stigma of weight and internalized feelings relating to it were found to be associated with healthcare avoidance in women with higher body weights.

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Pediatric obesity, depression connected in the brain

Early-life obesity and depression may be driven by shared abnormalities in brain regions that process rewards, according to researchers.

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Eating more fish could prevent Parkinson's disease

Parvalbumin, a protein found in great quantities in several different fish species, has been shown to help prevent the formation of certain protein structures closely associated with Parkinson's disease. A new study shines more light on the link between consumption of fish and better long-term neurological health.

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Why zero-calorie sweeteners can still lead to diabetes, obesity

Increased awareness of the health consequences of eating too much sugar has fueled a dramatic uptick in the consumption of zero-calorie artificial sweeteners in recent decades. However, new research finds sugar replacements can also cause health changes that are linked with diabetes and obesity, suggesting that switching from regular to diet soda may be a case of 'out of the frying pan, into the fire.'

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Saturday, April 21, 2018

New method to discover drugs to treat epilepsy

For more than a third of children living with epilepsy, the currently approved medications do not stop their seizures. Researchers have developed a new drug screening method to discover drugs to treat epilepsy.

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Novel antioxidant makes old blood vessels seem young again

Older adults who take an antioxidant that specifically targets mitochondria see age-related changes in blood vessels reverse by the equivalent of 15 to 20 years within six weeks, a new study shows.

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Fat cells seem to remember unhealthy diet

Fat cells can be damaged in a short amount of time when they are exposed to the fatty acid palmitate or the hormone TNF-alpha through a fatty diet, a new study shows. The researchers hope this new knowledge may be used to develop new preventive strategies for diabetes.

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DOR protein deficiency favors the development of obesity

Deficiency in the protein DOR (also called TP53INP2) stimulates the generation of new adipose cells (which store fat) and leads to a less harmful kind of obesity, according to a new study.

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People waste nearly a pound of food daily

Americans waste nearly a pound of food per person each day, but the exact amount of food we trash differs by how healthy your diet is. Between 2007-2014, consumers wasted nearly 150,000 tons of food per day. Researchers estimate that food waste corresponded with the use of 30 million acres of land (7 percent of total US cropland) and 4.2 trillion gallons of water annually. Higher quality diets were associated with higher levels of food waste.

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Weight-loss surgery improves lives and saves money, study finds

A new study indicates that weight-loss surgery is cost-effective over 10 years and can save healthcare systems money over a lifetime.

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Friday, April 20, 2018

Certain Kratom-Containing Powder Products by Viable Solutions: Recall -Possible Salmonella Contamination

Viable Solutions is recalling Kratom-containing powder products due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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NxtGen Botanicals Maeng Da Kratom by NGB Corp.: Recall - Possible Salmonella Contamination

NGB Corp. recalls NxtGen Botanicals Maeng Da Kratom bottles of encapsulated product due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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Viable Solutions, LLC Recalls Certain Kratom-Containing Powder Products Because of Possible Health Risk

Viable Solutions of Nampa, ID recalls some Kratom-containing powder products, due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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Thursday, April 19, 2018

Pregnant moms and their offspring should limit added sugars in their diets to protect childhood cognition

A new study has determined that poorer childhood cognition occurred, particularly in memory and learning, when pregnant women or their offspring consumed greater quantities of sugar. Substituting diet soda for sugar-sweetened versions during pregnancy also appeared to have negative effects. However, children's fruit consumption had beneficial effects and was associated with higher cognitive scores.

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Dogs could be more similar to humans than we thought

Dog and human gut microbiomes have more similar genes and responses to diet than we previously thought, according to a new study

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The bugs in your gut could make you weak in the knees

Scientists have long thought that osteoarthritis in people who are obese was a consequence of excess wear and tear on joints, but a new study suggests that the microbiome is the culprit. The study shows that a high fat diet (like the Western diet) can alter gut microbes, increase inflammation throughout the body, and speed deterioration of joints. An interesting twist: a common dietary supplement overturned these effects in mice.

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Obesity linked with higher chance of developing rapid, irregular heart rate

People with obesity are more likely to develop a rapid and irregular heart rate, called atrial fibrillation, which can lead to stroke, heart failure and other complications, according to Penn State researchers. They found that people with obesity had a 40 percent higher chance of developing atrial fibrillation than people without obesity.

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Nutrizone Recalls Various Lots of Multiple Dietary Supplements Because of Possible Salmonella Health Risk

Nutrizone, LLC expands recall of various kratom products.



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Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Why is it harder for females to gain weight?

Why is it harder for females to gain weight? A new study proposes that part of the answer may be in the brain.

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Tuesday, April 17, 2018

Statins save lives of people with high levels of LDL cholesterol

Cholesterol-lowering drugs are more likely to save thousands of additional lives when used in people with higher levels of LDL cholesterol, or 'bad' cholesterol, according to a new study.

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Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

What: Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., an internist and health services researcher at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs (VA) Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, and an associate professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota, will present “Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain.”



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Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

What: Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., an internist and health services researcher at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs (VA) Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, and an associate professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota, will present “Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain.”



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds https://ift.tt/2vnjEyN

Media Advisory: Physician/researcher to give April 23 lecture on reexamining how chronic pain is managed in primary care

Dr. Erin Krebs

What: Erin E. Krebs, M.D., M.P.H., an internist and health services researcher at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs (VA) Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, and an associate professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota, will present “Reframing the Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain.”



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Epic Products, LLC, Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of All Lots of Euphoric Capsules Due to Presence of Undeclared Sildenafil and Tadalafil

Epic Products, LLC voluntarily recalls all lots of Euphoric capsules due to contamination with undeclared sildenafil and tadalafil.



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'Rhino 69 Extreme 50000' Recalled due to Presence of Active Ingredient 'Tadalafil'

AMA Wholesale Inc. recalls Rhino 69 Extreme 50000 capsules due to contamination with undeclared tadalafil.



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Monday, April 16, 2018

NCCIH Presentations at the 2018 International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health

In this blog post Dr. Emmeline Edwards describes NCCIH participation at the 2018 International Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health conference.



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People with Type 2 diabetes who eat breakfast later, more likely to have a higher BMI

Being an "evening person" is linked to higher body mass indices among people with Type 2 diabetes, and having breakfast later in the day seems to be what drives this association, according to a new article.

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Mind and Body Approaches for Substance Use Disorders

Meditation

Are any complementary health approaches effective ways to treat substance use disorders? See what the evidence says.



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Maternal metabolic factors and early-onset puberty

In a study of more than 15,000 girls and their mothers maternal overweight and hyperglycemia were linked to the earlier onset of puberty in girls 6 to 11 years old. Early puberty has been linked to multiple adverse health developments as girls grow up.

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Friday, April 13, 2018

Mind and Body Approaches for Substance Use Disorders

Meditation

Are any complementary health approaches effective ways to treat substance use disorders? See what the evidence says.



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5 Things To Know About Mind and Body Approaches for Substance Use Disorders

Mind and body approaches, such as mindfulness-based interventions, have shown some success when used along with the treatment of substance abuse and addiction. Mindfulness-based approaches, in part, attempt to decrease the impact of negative mood, which is thought to serve as a trigger for substance use. Mind and body approaches can be part of a comprehensive addiction treatment plan that includes behavioral modifications, and may include pharmaceuticals to decrease cravings, group therapy, or counseling.



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Thursday, April 12, 2018

Why alcohol, sugar lead to thirst

Researchers have identified a hormone that acts on the brain to increase the desire to drink water in response to specific nutrient stresses that can cause dehydration.

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Study explores carbohydrates' impact on head, neck cancers

Consuming high amounts of carbohydrates and various forms of sugar during the year prior to treatment for head and neck cancer may increase patients' risks of cancer recurrence and mortality, a new study reports. However, eating moderate amounts of fats and starchy foods such as whole grains, potatoes and legumes after treatment could have protective benefits, reducing patients' risks of disease recurrence and death.

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Wednesday, April 11, 2018

Club 13 Recalls Kratom Maeng Da Red Powder and Capsules Because of Possible Health Risk

Club 13 recalling Maeng Da Red kratom powder orders due to potential Salmonella contamination.



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Surprising discovery: Sweet tooth gene connected with less body fat

Last year researchers discovered that a particular craving for sweet things may be determined by a genetic variation. Now the researchers have discovered that people with this genetic disposition for a sweet tooth have less body fat.

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Specific bacteria in the small intestine are crucial for fat absorption

A new study -- one of a few to concentrate on microbes in the upper gastrointestinal tract -- shows how the typical calorie-dense western diet can induce expansion of microbes that promote the digestion and absorption of high-fat foods. Over time, the steady presence of these microbes can lead to over-nutrition and obesity.

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Weight loss is an important predictor of cancer

Unintended weight loss is the second highest risk factor for some forms of cancer, concludes the first robust research analysis to examine the association.

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Maeng Da Red Powder and Capsules by Club 13: Recall - Possible Contamination With Salmonella

Club 13 is recalling:  

15-gram, 30-gram, 90-gram, 150-gram, and 454-gram pouches, and all bulk orders of “Maeng Da Red” kratom powder, lot # MRMD012618

5-count, 25-count, 50-count, 100-count, 120-count capsule, and all bulk capsule orders of “Maeng Da Red” kratom bottles, marked with the following lot numbers on the bottom left side: MRMD013018, MRMD013118, MRMD020118, MRMD020518, MRMD022318, MRMD022718, MRMD030118, MRMD030218, and MRMD030618.



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Tuesday, April 10, 2018

NCCIH's SBIR/STTR Programs: Funding Small Business Research and Development

In this blog post Dr. Merav Sabri discusses funding opportunities for small businesses – the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs.



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NCCIH's SBIR/STTR Programs: Funding Small Business Research and Development

In this blog post Dr. Merav Sabri discusses funding opportunities for small businesses – the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs.



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Independent Nutrition, Inc Issues Allergy Alert On Undeclared Milk in Ignite Pre-Workout Supplement Products

Independent Nutrition Inc, dba Back to Health recalls certain lots of the Ignite High Endurance Pre-Workout Supplement products because it may contain undeclared milk.



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Advocare Issues Allergy Alert in Select Bottles of Muscle Strength and Nighttime Recovery Product Because of Undeclared Milk Allergen on The Label

AdvoCare International voluntarily issues recall of Muscle Strength, Nighttime Recovery dietary supplements.



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Monday, April 9, 2018

Binge-eating mice reveal obesity clues

Mice fed on a high-fat or chocolate-based diet show abnormal feeding behaviors such as snacking, bingeing and disrupted eating patterns, according to new research. The findings help to explain the behavioral triggers leading to obesity and point towards new ideas for preventing weight gain.

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How fat tissue shunts energy to tumors

Researchers recently discovered that that inactivation of a protein called p62 in fat cells fuels aggressive, metastatic prostate cancer in mice. The findings suggest that mTOR inhibitors currently used to treat a wide range of cancers may have the unintended consequence of shutting down fat tissue metabolism and fueling tumor growth.

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Sunday, April 8, 2018

Study found people would rather pop a pill or sip tea than exercise to treat high blood pressure

Survey respondents were more likely to choose a daily cup of tea or a pill over exercise to 'treat' high blood pressure in an imaginary scenario, but many didn't think the interventions were worth the benefits. When the perceived gain of treating hypertension was higher -- one or five extra years of life versus one extra month, for example -- survey respondents were more likely to say they would.

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Thursday, April 5, 2018

Eating less enables lemurs to live longer

Chronic caloric restriction strongly increases the lifespan of a small primate, the grey mouse lemur. This is one of the results of a ten-year experiment. Chronic caloric restriction consists in eating a reduced but balanced diet from the outset of early adulthood. Its beneficial effect on lifespan had been established for many short-lived species (worms, flies, mice), but remained controversial for primates, including humans.

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Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Obesity impacts liver health in kids as young as 8 years old

A new study found that weight gain, obesity can put children as young as age 8 at risk for a serious liver disease.

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FTC Sending Refund Checks Totaling More Than $355,000 to Consumers Who Bought CogniPrin ‘Memory Improvement’ Supplement

Federal Trade Commission is mailing refund checks to people who bought CogniPrin, a deceptively marketed ‘memory improvement’ supplement.



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Dietary Supplements by Nutrizone: Recall - Potential for Salmonella Contamination

FDA issues recall order for food products containing powdered kratom manufactured, processed, packed, or held by Triangle Pharmanaturals LLC due to possible salmonella contamination.



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Timing of stress-hormone pulses controls weight gain

New research provides the first molecular understanding of why people gain weight due to chronic stress, disrupted circadian rhythms and treatment with glucocorticoid drugs: it's all in the timing of the dips and rises of a class of hormones called glucocorticoids -- predominantly the 'stress hormone' cortisol, according to a new study.

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Smokers have worse diets than non-smokers

Smokers have worse quality diets than former smokers or non-smokers, according to a new study.

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Dietary Supplements by Nutrizone: Recall - Potential for Salmonella Contamination

FDA issues recall order for food products containing powdered kratom manufactured, processed, packed, or held by Triangle Pharmanaturals LLC due to possible salmonella contamination.



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Kratom-containing Products by Triangle Pharmanaturals: Mandatory Recall - Risk of Salmonella

FDA issues mandatory recall order for all food products containing powdered kratom manufactured, processed, packed, or held by Triangle Pharmanaturals LLC due to Salmonella contamination.



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Tuesday, April 3, 2018

How to fight side effects of hormone therapy for prostate cancer

Men on hormone therapy for prostate cancer may benefit significantly from hitting the gym with fellow patients and choosing more veggies and fewer cheeseburgers, a new study suggests.

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Sulfur amino acid restriction could amount to new dietary approach to health

The longevity and health improvements seen in animals on sulfur amino acid-restricted diets could translate to people, according to researchers who recently conducted a review of published studies. More research is needed to confirm the benefits in people, the scientists said.

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Pasta can be part of a healthy diet without packing on the pounds

Carbohydrates get a lot of bad press and blame for the obesity epidemic, but a new study suggests that this negative attention may not be deserved for pasta.

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Monday, April 2, 2018

Analysis of Data on the Prevalence and Pharmacologic Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis Pain

 foot pain plantar fasciitis

Data analysis from a large, national survey provides insights into factors associated with plantar fasciitis and its pharmaceutical treatment.



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Eating more protein may not benefit older men

A randomized, clinical trial has found that higher protein intake did not increase lean body mass, muscle performance, physical function or other well-being measures among older men.

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Links between eating red meat and distal colon cancer in women

A new study suggests that a diet free from red meat significantly reduces the risk of a type of colon cancer in women living in the United Kingdom. When comparing the effects of certain diets to cancer development in specific subsites of the colon, scientists found that those regularly eating red meat compared to a red meat-free diet had higher rates of distal colon cancer -- cancer found on the descending section of the colon, where faeces is stored.

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Friday, March 30, 2018

Fungi found in the guts of healthy adults just travel through

Fungi found in the gastrointestinal tracts of healthy adults are largely transient and stem from the mouth or foods recently consumed, according to new research.

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Can a Mediterranean diet pattern slow aging?

A series of six articles finds new correlations between a Mediterranean diet and healthy aging outcomes -- while also underscoring the need for careful approaches to the use of data in order to measure the diet's potential benefits.

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Canada–US Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) increased caloric intake in Canada

A new study shows that the 1989 Canada-US Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) was associated with an increase in caloric availability of approximately 170 kilocalories per person per day in Canada. These findings suggest that the rise in caloric intake and obesity in Canada since the early 1990s can be partially attributed to its close trade and investment arrangements with the US.

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Just one high-fat meal sets the perfect stage for heart disease

A single high-fat milkshake, with a fat and calorie content similar to some enticing restaurant fare, can quickly transform our healthy red blood cells into small, spiky cells that wreak havoc inside our blood vessels and help set the perfect stage for cardiovascular disease, scientists report.

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Thursday, March 29, 2018

Seasonal Allergies: Which Medication is Right for You?

The FDA regulates many products that treat allergies or offer allergy relief. But which will work for you depends on your particular symptoms.

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The connection between diet, obesity, and cancer: Nutrition experts explore the evidence

About one third of cancer cases are estimated to be linked to dietary and other modifiable risk factors, especially for obesity-related cancers such as breast, colorectal, ovarian, endometrial, kidney, gallbladder, esophageal, and pancreatic cancers.

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Wednesday, March 28, 2018

Mandatory nutrition policies may impact sugar consumption

Mandatory nutrition policies could be a valuable tool in helping high school students to lower their sugar intake, a new study has found.

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Relationship changes after bariatric surgery

Individuals who have undergone bariatric surgery have a higher probability of getting married, separating from their partner or getting divorced, according to a new study.

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Tuesday, March 27, 2018

BIABooster: A more sensitive device for characterizing DNA in blood circulation

BIABooster technology can characterize DNA with new precision and sensitivity. When used to analyze residual DNA circulating in the blood, it has identified promising signatures for monitoring patients with cancer.

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Obesity is shifting cancer to young adults

Researchers have compiled evidence from more than 100 publications to show how obesity increases risk of 13 different cancers in young adults. The meta-analysis describes how obesity has shifted certain cancers to younger age groups, and intensified cellular mechanisms promoting the diseases.

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Care providers' understanding of obesity treatment is limited

Despite the high prevalence of obesity among US adults, provision of recommended treatments for obesity remains low.

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Sulfur amino acid restriction diet triggers new blood vessel formation in mice

Putting mice on a diet containing low amounts of the essential amino acid methionine triggered the formation of new blood vessels in skeletal muscle, according to a new study. The finding adds insight to previous research showing that a methionine-restricted diet extends lifespan and healthspan, suggesting that improved vascular function may contribute to these benefits.

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Monday, March 26, 2018

Tamarack Inc. Recalls Eclipse Kratom Because of Possible Salmonella Contamination

Tamarack Inc. of Roy, Utah, voluntarily recalls Eclipse Kratom-containing powder products due to possible contamination with Salmonella.



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Saturday, March 24, 2018

Calorie restriction trial in humans suggests benefits for age-related disease

One of the first studies to explore the effects of calorie restriction on humans showed that cutting caloric intake by 15 percent for two years slowed aging and metabolism and protected against age-related disease. The study found that calorie restriction decreased systemic oxidative stress, which has been tied to age-related neurological conditions such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, as well as cancer, diabetes, and others.

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Tai Chi Has Similar or Greater Benefits Than Aerobic Exercise for Fibromyalgia, Study Shows

Woman doing tai chi on grass

New research suggests practicing tai chi is a therapeutic option for people with fibromyalgia.



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Mind and Body Approaches for Chronic Pain

Back Pain

Some mind and body approaches may provide modest positive effects to help people manage daily variations in chronic pain; find out more here.



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Music and the Brain: Report on an NIH/Kennedy Center Workshop

Music senior and child

Collaborative workshop – the Sound Health initiative – convened by the National Institutes of Health and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts – focused on the use of music therapy in health settings.



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Tai Chi Has Similar or Greater Benefits Than Aerobic Exercise for Fibromyalgia, Study Shows

Woman doing tai chi on grass

New research suggests practicing tai chi is a therapeutic option for people with fibromyalgia.



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Mind and Body Approaches for Chronic Pain

Back Pain

Some mind and body approaches may provide modest positive effects to help people manage daily variations in chronic pain; find out more here.



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Friday, March 23, 2018

Music and the Brain: Report on an NIH/Kennedy Center Workshop

Music senior and child

Collaborative workshop – the Sound Health initiative – convened by the National Institutes of Health and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts – focused on the use of music therapy in health settings.



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Searching for long-term success in weight management? Forget dieting and eat regularly

Early adulthood is particularly critical for putting on weight. According to a recent study common factors among young women and men who succeeded in managing their weight in the long term included eating regularly rather than dieting.

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PDX Aromatics Issues Second Expanded Recall of Kratom Products Because of Possible Health Risk

PDX Aromatics, DBA Kraken Kratom, Phytoextractum, and Soul Speciosa, expand scope of voluntary recalls.



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New study elucidates link between PCOS and anxiety

Maternal obesity and androgen excess induce sex-specific anxiety in the offspring, according to a study on mice. The findings may help explain why children born to mothers with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have increased risk of developing anxiety later in life.

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More than 2,500 cancer cases a week could be avoided

More than 135,500 cases of cancer a year in the UK could be prevented through lifestyle changes, according to new figures.

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Tai Chi Has Similar or Greater Benefits Than Aerobic Exercise for Fibromyalgia, Study Shows

Woman doing tai chi on grass

New research suggests practicing tai chi is a therapeutic option for people with fibromyalgia.



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Thursday, March 22, 2018

Obesity surgery linked to positive outcomes in very obese teens with diabetes

This study is the first to compare glycemic control in two groups of very obese adolescents with type 2 diabetes.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2ugVCF4

Two genes likely play key role in extreme nausea and vomiting during pregnancy

A new study has identified two genes associated with hyperemesis gravidarum, whose cause has not been determined in previous studies. The genes, known as GDF15 and IGFBP7, are both involved in the development of the placenta and play important roles in early pregnancy and appetite regulation.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pw1Zzx

Wednesday, March 21, 2018

Middle-aged tooth loss linked to increased coronary heart disease risk

Losing two or more teeth during middle age is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. Having fewer natural teeth by middle age is linked to higher cardiovascular disease risk.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2Gfkhif

Mono-unsaturated fats from plants, not animals may reduce risk of death from heart disease and other causes

Diets rich in mono-unsaturated fats from plants may lower the risk of death from heart disease and other causes. The largest reductions in the risk of death were found when healthy fats from plant sources replaced saturated fats, trans fats and refined carbohydrates.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2DKu0Ic

Mind and Body Approaches for Chronic Pain

Back Pain

Some mind and body approaches may provide modest positive effects to help people manage daily variations in chronic pain; find out more here.



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Freezing hunger-signaling nerve may help ignite weight loss

Freezing the nerve that carries hunger signals to the brain may help patients with mild-to-moderate obesity lose weight, according to a newly presented study. The treatment was determined safe and feasible in the initial pilot phase.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2u7H1Mj

Western diet depletes artery-protecting immune cells

New research shows how a diet high in fat and cholesterol depletes the ranks of artery-protecting immune cells, turning them into promoters of inflammation, which exacerbate atherosclerotic plaque buildup that occurs in cardiovascular disease.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2puJQCe

Cold can activate body's 'good' fat at a cellular level, study finds

Lower temperatures can activate the body's 'good' fat formation at a cellular level, a new study has found.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2IIK1Sn

Tuesday, March 20, 2018

How obesity dulls the sense of taste

Previous studies have indicated that weight gain can reduce one's sensitivity to the taste of food. Now a new study shows that inflammation, driven by obesity, actually reduces the number of taste buds on the tongues of mice.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2IDkqdO

Parenting and personality work together to affect baby's weight gain

The more mothers use food to soothe their babies, the more weight certain babies gained, according to researchers. The effect was only seen in babies with a surgent temperament -- characterized by being more outgoing, active and drawn to new things and people, putting these children at a risk for obesity later on.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2ptlhEW

High consumption of red and processed meat linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance

World meat consumption has increased during the last decades, and evidence is mounting that high consumption of red and mainly processed meat is unhealthy to humans and is related to chronic diseases such as cancer, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. A new study adds non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to the list.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2DHDwM6

Monday, March 19, 2018

Fasting diets reduce important risk factor for cardiovascular disease

Intermittent energy restriction diets, such as the 5:2 diet, clears fat from the blood quicker after eating meals than daily calorie restriction diets – reducing an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, a new study reports.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2DEawVu

Fish the primary source of nutrition in medieval Northern Ostrobothnia

Researchers investigated the diet of people buried in the Ii Hamina, Northern Finland, cemetery from the 15th to the 17th centuries by analysing isotopes in the bones of the deceased. Isotopes preserve information on the various nutrient sources used by humans during their lifetime. A study reveals that the dominant protein source was small fish, such as roach or Baltic herring.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FVGtdP

In children with obesity, impulsivity may be linked with greater weight loss when treated

Children with obesity may be more impulsive than those with normal weight, but during family-based behavioral treatment (FBT), the more impulsive of children with obesity may lose more weight, a new study suggests.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2IDAyfi

High omega-6 levels can protect against premature death

Could omega-6 fatty acids protect you against premature death? The answer is yes, according to a new study. While protecting against death, omega-6 fatty acids also keep cardiovascular diseases at bay. “Linoleic acid is the most common polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid. We discovered that the higher the blood linoleic acid level, the smaller the risk of premature death,” says one of the researchers.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2G6cnrn

Experimental obesity drug prevents development of kidney stones

Scientists have found that a drug connected with fat regulation prevents the formation of kidney stones in mice. This early work opens the possibility of developing drugs which may help prevent kidney stones in at-risk individuals.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2ppdEzj

Fish accounted for surprisingly large part of the Stone Age diet

New research can now show what Stone Age people actually ate in southern Scandinavia 10 000 years ago. The importance of fish in the diet has proven to be greater than expected. So, if you want to follow a Paleo diet -- you should quite simply eat a lot of fish.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2IBgeLv

Sunday, March 18, 2018

E-cigarettes may lead to accumulation of fat in the liver

Using e-cigarettes may lead to an accumulation of fat in the liver, a study of mice exposed to the devices suggests.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2plY087

New diabetes drug may help people with obesity lose weight

A compound that mimics a naturally occurring hormone that regulates appetite may help people who have obesity but not diabetes to lose weight, a new study suggests.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FQnRMl

Race, pre-pregnancy BMI may help predict maternal weight gain

Race and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) both affect leptin and adiponectin levels, and leptin levels in mid-pregnancy may be an important predictor of weight gain during pregnancy, new research suggests.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FH7eGO

Breastfeeding may protect high-birthweight infants from childhood obesity

Breastfeeding may protect high-birthweight infants from having overweight or obesity as children, new research suggests.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FT5RkC

Overeating during breastfeeding may affect the health of offspring

Mothers who overeat during the period when they are breastfeeding may have children who are at increased risk of becoming obese and going through early puberty, a new study of mice suggests. Early puberty may lead to increased risk of diabetes or reproductive problems later in life, according to the research.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FJJUs6

High-energy breakfast promotes weight loss

In patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes, a meal schedule that includes a high-energy breakfast promotes weight loss, improves diabetes and decreases the need for insulin, new research reports.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2IykaNa

Consuming low-calorie sweeteners may predispose overweight individuals to diabetes

Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners could promote metabolic syndrome and predispose people to prediabetes and diabetes, particularly in individuals with obesity, a new study on human fat-derived stem cells and fat samples suggests.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FK5OeF

Mediterranean diet is linked to higher muscle mass, bone density after menopause

The heart-healthy Mediterranean diet also appears to be good for an older woman's bones and muscles, a new study of postmenopausal women in Brazil finds.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2HHawXm

Saturday, March 17, 2018

Study of nearly 300,000 people challenges the 'obesity paradox'

The idea that it might be possible to be overweight or obese but not at increased risk of heart disease, otherwise known as the 'obesity paradox', has been challenged by a study of nearly 300,000 people. The research shows that the risk of heart and blood vessel problems, such as heart attacks, strokes and high blood pressure, increases as body mass index (BMI) increases beyond a BMI of 22-23 kg/m2.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2GAjsym

Friday, March 16, 2018

Virtual coaches, fitness trackers help patients stay fit after cardiac rehab

A 12-week mobile health, or mHealth, program not only kept cardiac rehab patients from losing ground, it appeared to help them maintain and even gain fitness.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2HGlnkc

Thursday, March 15, 2018

Artificial sweetener could intensify symptoms in those with Crohn's disease

In a study that has implications for humans with inflammatory diseases, researchers have found that, given over a six-week period, the artificial sweetener sucralose, known by the brand name Splenda, worsens gut inflammation in mice with Crohn's disease, but had no substantive effect on those without the condition.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2DsvOFn

Wednesday, March 14, 2018

Smokers at greater risk of hearing loss

Smoking is associated with increased risk of hearing loss, according to a study of over 50,000 participants over eight years.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2ImTFKq

Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Molecule that gives energy-burning brown fat its identity could lead to drugs for obesity

A protein found in brown fat, but not typical white fat, is key to how the energy-burning brown fat cells function.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2IkMXol

Toothpaste alone does not prevent dental erosion or hypersensitivity

An analysis of nine toothpastes found that none of them protects enamel or prevents erosive wear. Specialists stress that diet and treatment by a dentist are key to avoid the problems originated by dentin exposure.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2tJnZvo

Monday, March 12, 2018

PDX Aromatics Recalls Kratom Powder Because Of Possible Health Risk

Kratom-containing powder products recalled.



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Caloric restriction in combination with low-fat diet helps protect aging mouse brains

New research finds that a low-fat diet in combination with limited caloric consumption prevents aging-induced inflammatory activation of immune cells in the mouse brain - and that exercise is significantly less effective than caloric restriction in preventing these age-related changes. This indicates that the fat content of a diet, as well as caloric intake, are important parameters for the detrimental effects of aging on the brain.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2HrKmaI

Sunday, March 11, 2018

Higher Vitamin D levels may be linked to lower risk of cancer

High levels of vitamin D may be linked to a lower risk of developing cancer, including liver cancer, concludes a large study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2DgFdjf

Friday, March 9, 2018

Gastrointestinal hormone measurably improved symptoms of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Through a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II clinical trial, researchers report that small doses of NGM282, a non-tumorigenic variant of an endocrine gastrointestinal hormone, can significantly and rapidly decrease liver fat content in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The findings represent an important proof-of-concept for the compound as there are currently no Food and Drug Administration-approved treatments for NAFLD and NASH.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2Iejuwg

Modulation of Fgf21 gene in early-life ameliorates adulthood diet-induced obesity

The importance of good nutrition in the early development of children has been recognized for many decades. Nutritional experiences in early life can have profound and long-lasting effects on body weight in later life. For instance, malnutrition in early life as a result of poor nutrition during pregnancy and/or the lactation period may be stored on the offspring genome as epigenetic memory and persist into adulthood, thereby increasing the susceptibility to metabolic diseases such as obesity in later life. This area of epigenetics has become one of the fastest-growing and most complex areas of biological science.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2ty1nhm

Thursday, March 8, 2018

Fiber-fermenting bacteria improve health of type 2 diabetes patients

The fight against type 2 diabetes may soon improve thanks to a pioneering high-fiber diet study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2p4lcHV

Improving birth outcomes one amino acid at a time

A simple dietary supplement (L-arginine) was found to improve birth outcomes, paving the way for future clinical trials to test this inexpensive and safe intervention.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2oXCAxI

Combating childhood obesity by preventing 'fatty liver' in fetus

New research indicates that an obese pregnant mother and exposure to a high fat, high sugar diet during pregnancy produces a 'fatty liver' in the fetus, potentially predisposing children to obesity, metabolic and cardiovascular disorders later in life.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FkI7cB

Tuesday, March 6, 2018

Estimating lives saved by England's NHS Health Check program

The NHS Health Check program is estimated to prevent around 300 premature deaths and results in more people living free of cardiovascular disease in England each year, according to a new study. Feasible changes in the delivery of the program could result in up to a three-fold increase in the benefits.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2G3o284

Little difference among diet plans' long-term effectiveness

Whether you pick low-carb, low fat or another diet plan, scientific research indicates each can help some people achieve modest long-term weight loss with potential improvement in health risks, according to a statement on managing obesity.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2oWdlMf

How Do New NIH Human Subjects Policies Impact Training and Career Development Awards?

In this blog post, Dr. Lanay Mudd describes NIH initiatives designed to enhance the accountability and transparency of clinical research.



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Monday, March 5, 2018

Moderate blood sugar control targets recommended for most patients with type 2 diabetes

Patients with type 2 diabetes should be treated to achieve an A1C between 7 percent and 8 percent rather than 6.5 percent to 7 percent, the American College of Physicians recommends in a new evidence-based guidance statement.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FiIGzQ

Spring Research Lectures on Pain and Its Management

Information about three upcoming lectures on pain and pain managementby NCCIH-funded researchers on pain and its management (forming NCCIH’s Spring 2018 Integrative Medicine Research Lecture Series).



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Gastric bypass surgery can give better control for diabetes and obesity than lifestyle modification

Patients treated with a form of bariatric surgery did significantly better than patients provided with an intensive diabetes and weight management program.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2D2jxaq

Healthy diet may not offset high salt intake

A healthy diet may not offset the effects of a high salt intake on blood pressure, suggests a new study. The research, from scientists at a number of institutions, including Imperial College London and Northwestern University, analysed the diets of over 4,000 people. The results, published in the journal Hypertension, showed that people eating higher amounts of salt had higher blood pressure -- no matter how healthy a person's overall diet.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FejcHH

Sunday, March 4, 2018

Kids persistently allergic to cow's milk are smaller than peers with nut allergies

Children who experience persistent allergies to cow's milk may remain shorter and lighter throughout pre-adolescence when compared with children who are allergic to peanuts or tree nuts, according to a retrospective chart review.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2HYPuUR

Friday, March 2, 2018

Vitamin D reduces early mortality

A normal intake of vitamin D can reduce the risk of early death substantially in people with cardiovascular disease, a new study shows. The study concludes that people who have suffered from cardiovascular disease, and have a normal intake of vitamin D, reduce their risk of morality as a consequence of the disease by 30 per cent.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2HYtslf

Children with marginally low birth weight needs treatment

Children with a birth weight under 2.5 kilos stand at risk of becoming underweight and can experience cognitive difficulties as well as diabetes and cardiovascular disease later in life. However, early iron supplementation seems to provide some protection.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2oIj611

NCCIH Resources for Research Training and Career Development

In this blog post, NCCIH Training Officer Dr. Lanay Mudd discusses research training and career development opportunities.



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Gluten-free diet may help people with neuropathic pain

A strict gluten-free diet may help protect against the nerve pain that some people with gluten sensitivity experience, according to a preliminary study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FauEAk

Thursday, March 1, 2018

Diet, bugs and beating high blood pressure

It is known that changing diet can be effective in reducing high blood pressure but now new research has revealed that people's natural gut bacteria can alter the effectiveness of dietary change.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2CRuDPu

Wednesday, February 28, 2018

Obesity not a risk factor for acute respiratory illnesses, study finds

Although obesity has been considered a risk factor for more-severe cases of the flu, a new study found that it is not a risk factor for severe acute respiratory illnesses, including the flu, in children or adults.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2COuuwl

Nut consumption may aid colon cancer survival

People with stage III colon cancer who regularly eat nuts are at significantly lower risk of cancer recurrence and mortality than those who don't, according to a new, large study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2oJp80z

Study Identifies Two Substances Derived From Plants That May Have the Potential To Treat Depression

grapes

Researchers look at plant-derived natural products for new antidepressants.



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'Obesity paradox' debunked

A new study debunks the 'obesity paradox,' a counterintuitive finding that showed people who have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease live longer if they are overweight or obese compared with people who are normal weight at the time of diagnosis. Obese people live shorter lives and have a greater proportion of life with cardiovascular disease, the study reports.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2FFHs2H

Genetics or lifestyle: What is it that shapes our microbiome?

Some microbiome researchers had suggested that this variation begins with differences in our genes; but a large-scale study challenges this idea and provides evidence that the connection between microbiome and health may be even more important than we thought.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2GReYCc

Forage-based diets on dairy farms produce nutritionally enhanced milk

Researchers have found that cows fed a 100 percent organic grass and legume-based diet produce milk with elevated levels of omega-3 and CLA, and thus provides a markedly healthier balance of fatty acids. The improved fatty acid profile in grass-fed organic milk and dairy products (hereafter, 'grassmilk') brings the omega-6/omega-3 ratio to a near 1 to 1, compared to 5.7 to 1 in conventional whole milk.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2CpU1QN

Tuesday, February 27, 2018

Nutritional labelling on menus may reduce calorie intake

New evidence shows that adding calorie labels to menus and next to food in restaurants, coffee shops and cafeterias, could reduce the calories that people consume, although the quality of evidence is low.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2HNNFtM

Monday, February 26, 2018

Low magnesium levels make vitamin D ineffective

Vitamin D can't be metabolized without sufficient magnesium levels, meaning Vitamin D remains stored and inactive for as many as 50 percent of Americans. In addition, Vitamin D supplements can increase a person's calcium and phosphate levels even while they remain Vitamin D deficient. People may suffer from vascular calcification if their magnesium levels aren't high enough to prevent the complication.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2BSxAT3

Vegetarian and Mediterranean diet may be equally effective in preventing heart disease

Low-calorie lacto-ovo-vegetarian and Mediterranean diets appeared equally effective in reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors. Both diets reduced body fat and overall weight by the same amount. Those on the vegetarian diet experienced greater reductions in LDL ('bad') cholesterol while those on the Mediterranean diet experienced greater reductions in triglycerides than those on the other diet.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2EUlZWo

Diet shown to reduce stroke risk may also reduce risk of depression

People who eat vegetables, fruit and whole grains may have lower rates of depression over time, according to a preliminary study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2CMFSsM

Sunday, February 25, 2018

Low-calorie diet enhances intestinal regeneration after injury

Animals fed restricted-calorie diets are better able to regenerate numerous tissues after injury. A new study pinpoints the cell responsible for these improved regenerative abilities in the intestines.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2ERXAAW

Neuroimaging reveals lasting brain deficits in iron-deficient piglets

Iron deficiency in the first four weeks of a piglet's life - equivalent to roughly four months in a human infant - impairs the development of key brain structures, scientists report. The abnormalities remain even after weeks of iron supplementation begun later in life, the researchers found.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2ESy2PY

Friday, February 23, 2018

Complementary Health Approaches for Hypertension

hypertension

Find out more about complementary health practices and hypertension (high blood pressure).



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C-sections and gut bacteria increase risk of childhood obesity

New research has found that overweight and obese women are more like to have children who are overweight or obese by three years of age -- and that bacteria in the gut may be partially to blame.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2GDmkcp

FDA Investigates Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Infections Linked to Products Reported to Contain Kratom

The FDA is advising consumers to avoid kratom and kratom-containing products due to a multistate outbreak of salmonellosis.



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Thursday, February 22, 2018

Sweet, bitter, fat: Genetics play a role in kids' snacking patterns

The types of snacks a child chooses could be linked to genetics, a new study found. The study investigated whether genetic variants in taste receptors related to sweet, fat and bitter tastes influence the snacks preschoolers choose and found nearly 80 per cent carried at least one of these genotypes that could predispose them to poor snacking habits. These findings could help parents tailor their kids' diets based on their genetics of taste.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2sJelss

Wednesday, February 21, 2018

NCCIH's SBIR/STTR Programs: Funding Small Business Research and Development

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs, also known as America’s Seed Fund, are one of the largest sources of early-stage capital for technology commercialization in the United States.



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Tuesday, February 20, 2018

Low-fat or low-carb? It's a draw, study finds

New evidence might dismay those who have chosen sides in the low-fat versus low-carb diet debate. Cutting either carbs or fats shaves off excess weight in about the same proportion, according to the study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2EHtOyH

NCCIH's SBIR/STTR Programs: Funding Small Business Research and Development

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs, also known as America’s Seed Fund, are one of the largest sources of early-stage capital for technology commercialization in the United States.



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds http://ift.tt/2FgVGGV

Friday, February 16, 2018

How a carb-restricted diet battles fatty liver disease

New details about how a carbohydrate-restricted diet improves metabolism were revealed in a new study which could lead to improved treatments for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).  

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2EOye5U

Pilot study in Kenya shows link between chronic pain and glutamate consumption

Preliminary research from a small pilot study carried out in Meru, in eastern Kenya, shows a link between chronic pain and consumption of glutamate, a common flavor enhancer found in Western and non-Western diets worldwide.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2F8W6il

Loss of control eating and bariatric surgery success

Recent research examined the impact of eating behaviors on success rates related to bariatric surgery in adolescents.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2o7iJfZ

Most parents don't believe their child's BMI report card

Fifty-three percent of parents who receive their child's body mass index (BMI) report card do not believe that it accurately categorizes their child as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese, according to new research.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2Evj5Dr

Thursday, February 15, 2018

Hearing loss is common after infant heart surgery

Children who have heart surgery as infants are at risk for hearing loss, coupled with associated risks for language, attention and cognitive problems, by age four. In a cohort of 348 preschoolers who survived cardiac surgery, researchers found hearing loss in about 21 percent, a rate 20 times higher than is found in the general population. This underscores the importance of early hearing evaluations in young children who undergo heart surgery.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2HkQOku

Eating yogurt may reduce cardiovascular disease risk

A new study suggests that higher yogurt intake is associated with lower cardiovascular disease risk among hypertensive men and women.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2F2AN1X

Short kids may have higher future stroke risk

Being a short kid is associated with increased risk of having a stroke in adulthood, according to new research.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2Hfp2pP

Wednesday, February 14, 2018

Traumatic Brain Injury: FDA Actions and Research

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can happen to anyone. And these types of injuries, which include concussions, contribute to a substantial number of emergency room visits (and even deaths) each year. Learn more about TBI, and the FDA's related research and regulatory activities.

from Nutrition.gov News Feeds http://ift.tt/2x1JV4D

Nanotechnology could redefine oral surgery

A trip to the dentist or orthodontist usually instills a sense of dread in most patients, and that's before the exam even begins. Add to that the fear of oral surgery with a painful recovery, and many people will avoid these visits at all costs. Now, one group reports a pre-clinical study showing that they could potentially reduce pain and recovery time with the aid of specialized nanotechnology.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2Bw6kJR

Heavy bones, low body weight: New link between bone cells and blood sugar level found

Bone cells do not just form new bone, they also influence the blood sugar level. Scientists have now discovered a new mechanism that controls this link. The metabolism of bone cells determines how much sugar they use; if the bone cells consume more sugar than normal, this can lower the glucose level in the blood. This research may contribute to future therapies for conditions such as osteoporosis and diabetes.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2Hf4wWc

Slow eating speed may be linked to weight loss

Slowing down the speed at which you eat, along with cutting out after dinner snacks and not eating within two hours of going to sleep may all help to shed the pounds, suggests new research.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2EqKevk

Tuesday, February 13, 2018

PFASs, chemicals commonly found in environment, may interfere with body weight regulation

A class of chemicals used in many industrial and consumer products was linked with greater weight gain after dieting, particularly among women, according to a new study. The chemicals -- perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) -- have been linked with cancer, hormone disruption, immune dysfunction, high cholesterol, and obesity.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2EpFzpr

Palm oil in your Valentine's chocolate? Beware

A diet rich in saturated fat and sugar not only leads to obesity, it creates inflammation in the nucleus accumbens, a part of the brain that controls mood and the feeling of reward. And this inflammation can lead to depressive, anxious and compulsive behavior and disrupt  metabolism,according to a new study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2BpWFol

Cabozantinib shows promise as first line treatment for differentiated thyroid cancer

A kinase inhibitor called cabozantinib could be a viable therapy option for patients with metastatic, radioactive iodine-resistant thyroid cancer. In a recent trial tumors shrunk in 34 out of 35 patients who took the drug, and more than half of those patients saw the tumor size decrease by more than 30 percent.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2EYUCqZ

One or more soda a day could decrease chances of getting pregnant

A new study has found that the intake of one or more sugar-sweetened beverages per day -- by either partner -- is associated with a decreased chance of getting pregnant.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2F10CiR

The end of yo-yo dieting? Brain switch that controls fat burning uncovered

Scientists have discovered a molecular switch in the brain that regulates fat burning -- and could provide a way to control weight gain following dieting.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2Gb8EVL

Monday, February 12, 2018

Study shows benefits of exercise can outweigh health effects of severe obesity

New study that shows physical activity may be equally and perhaps even more important than weight for people living with severe obesity.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2o3f8P1

Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., on the agency’s scientific evidence on the presence of opioid compounds in kratom, underscoring its potential for abuse

Over the past several months, there have been many questions raised about the botanical substance known as kratom. Our concerns related to this product, and the actions we’ve taken, are rooted in sound science and are in the interest of protecting public health. However, we recognize that there is still much that is unknown about kratom, which is why we’ve taken some significant steps to advance the scientific understanding of this product and how it works in the body.



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Mouse study adds to evidence linking gut bacteria and obesity

A new study of mice with the rodent equivalent of metabolic syndrome has added to evidence that the intestinal microbiome -- a 'garden' of bacterial, viral and fungal genes -- plays a substantial role in the development of obesity and insulin resistance in mammals, including humans.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2BTYSJz

Sunday, February 11, 2018

'Pillownauts' help future human missions to Mars

Scientists are enlisting the help of 'pillownauts' to push back the boundaries of space travel in a new study to examine a potentially serious adverse effect of weightlessness on the human body. 

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2El78Ac

Friday, February 9, 2018

Organic food provides significant environmental benefits to plant-rich diets

A study of the diets of 34,000 people confirms that a diet high in fruit and vegetables is better for the planet than one high in animal products. The study also finds that organic food provides significant, additional climate benefits for plant-based diets, but not for diets with only moderate contribution from plant products. This is the first-ever study to look at the environmental impacts of both food choices and farm production systems.

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Hearing loss linked to poor nutrition in early childhood, study suggests

Young adults who were undernourished as preschool children were approximately twice as likely to suffer from hearing loss as their better- nourished peers, a new study suggests.

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Thursday, February 8, 2018

Enzyme plays a key role in calories burned both during obesity and dieting

Ever wonder why obese bodies burn less calories or why dieting often leads to a plateau in weight loss? In both cases the body is trying to defend its weight by regulating energy expenditure. In a new paper, researchers identify the enzyme TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) as a key player in the control of energy expenditure during both obesity and fasting.

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Peptide improves glucose and insulin sensitivity, lowers weight in mice

Treating obese mice with catestatin (CST), a peptide naturally occurring in the body, showed significant improvement in glucose and insulin tolerance and reduced body weight, report researchers.

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Schools alone cannot help to prevent childhood obesity, study finds

School-based healthy lifestyle interventions alone are not effective in the fight against childhood obesity, researchers have warned.

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Tracking oxygen saturation, plus vital signs, to identify vulnerable preemies

While near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) long has been used to monitor oxygenation in conditions in which blood flow is altered, such as bleeding in the brain, how NIRS values relate to other vital sign measures in NICU babies was unknown.

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Wednesday, February 7, 2018

Simple molecule could prevent, alleviate pre-diabetes

Restoring levels of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ), a key molecule in energy production in cells, could overcome insulin resistance or pre-diabetes -- a precursor to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

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Diet may influence the spread of a deadly type of breast cancer, study finds

A single protein building block commonly found in food may hold a key to preventing the spread of an often-deadly type of breast cancer, according to a new multicenter study. Investigators found that by limiting an amino acid called asparagine in laboratory mice with triple-negative breast cancer, they could dramatically reduce the ability of the cancer to travel to distant sites in the body. Among other techniques, the team used dietary restrictions to limit asparagine.

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Inflammation in testes could explain link between obesity and reduced fertility

A new study suggests that chronic inflammation caused by obesity may harm the male genital tract, leading to lower fertility in obese men.

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Tuesday, February 6, 2018

Exposure to chemical found in plastics 'hard to avoid' in everyday life

86 per cent of teenagers have traces of Bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical compound used to make plastics, in their body, new research has found.

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How exercise training promotes a sound mind in a sound body

A new study shows that the same mechanisms behind the beneficial effects of exercise training on the brain also help to counteract fat and to strengthen the immune system. The results may ultimately give rise to new obesity and diabetes drugs.

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Monday, February 5, 2018

Toddler formulas and milks -- not recommended by health experts -- mislead with health claims

Misleading labeling on formulas and milks marketed as 'toddler drinks' may confuse parents about their healthfulness or necessity, finds a new study.

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Compounds derived from hops show promise for metabolic syndrome patients

A group of compounds derived from hops can likely improve cognitive and other functions in people with metabolic syndrome.

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Friday, February 2, 2018

Scientists identify weight loss ripple effect

Researchers have found that when one member of a couple commits to losing weight, the chances are good their partner will lose some weight too, even if they are not actively participating in a weight loss intervention.

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Crash diets can cause transient deterioration in heart function

Crash diets can cause a transient deterioration in heart function, according to new research. Patients with heart disease should seek medical advice before adopting a very low calorie diet.

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Thursday, February 1, 2018

Breast cancer treatments may increase the risk of heart disease

Some breast cancer therapies can damage the heart and healthcare providers should carefully monitor breast cancer treatment effects on the heart. Breast cancer survivors, especially older women, are more likely to die from cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure rather than breast cancer.

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Hunger overrides sense of fullness after weight loss

The levels of hormones that control hunger and fullness(satiety) both rise after weight loss, but individuals may only experience an increase in hunger, according to a new study.

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Wednesday, January 31, 2018

Stand up -- it could help you lose weight

You might want to read this on your feet. A new study found that standing instead of sitting for six hours a day could prevent weight gain and help people to actually lose weight.

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Monday, January 29, 2018

Nutritionally-speaking, soy milk is best plant-based milk

A new study looks at the four most-commonly consumed types of milk beverages from plant sources around the world -- almond milk, soy milk, rice milk and coconut milk -- and compares their nutritional values with those of cow's milk. After cow's milk, which is still the most nutritious, soy milk comes out a clear winner.

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To improve self-control, call weight loss what it is: difficult

An intervention that focused on changing the external food environment, rather than internal willpower, actually boosted participants' cognitive restraint and led to greater long-term weight loss.

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Friday, January 26, 2018

MIND diet may slow cognitive decline in stroke survivors

A diet created by researchers may help substantially slow cognitive decline in stroke survivors, according to preliminary research. The finding are significant because stroke survivors are twice as likely to develop dementia compared to the general population.

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Job Opportunity: NCCIH Scientific Review Officer

Have you considered an administrative scientific career at the National Institutes of health (NIH)?



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Bulletproof 360, Inc. Issues Allergy Alert on Undeclared Milk in Collagen Protein Dietary Supplement

Out of an abundance of caution, Bulletproof 360, Inc. is voluntarily recalling one lot #1017088 of Bulletproof Collagen Protein dietary supplement due to undeclared milk.  People who have an allergy or severe sensitivity to milk run the risk of serious or life-threatening allergic reaction if they consume this product.



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Quality of children's sleep may affect eating habits and weight

Several measures of poor sleep quality were associated with higher body mass index (BMI) in children, according to new data.

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High body fat levels associated with increased breast cancer risk in women with normal BMI

Among postmenopausal women with normal body mass index (BMI), those with higher body fat levels had an increased risk for invasive breast cancer.

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Thursday, January 25, 2018

Learning to make healthy choices can counter the effects of large portions

Researchers have found that after going through a training program designed to help people control portion sizes, participants still ate larger portions but chose healthier foods, lowering their calorie intake.

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Study could explain link between high-cholesterol diet and colon cancer

Scienti