Sunday, November 18, 2018

Study of two tribes sheds light on role of Western-influenced diet in blood pressure

A South American tribe living in near-total isolation with no Western dietary influences showed no increase in average blood pressure from age one to age 60, according to a new study. In comparison, a nearby tribe whose diet includes some processed foods and salt did show higher blood pressure into late middle age.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2zjpX69

Saturday, November 17, 2018

New Study Identifies a Neural Circuit Involved in the Response to Painful Heat

Two different groups of parabrachial neurons, one expressing calcitonin gene-related peptide (green) and the other expressing substance P (red). Source: Arnab Barik, Chesler Laboratory, NCCIH

A newly identified pathway involving the spinal cord and two parts of the brainstem plays a key role in behavioral responses to an uncomfortable heat stimulus, according to a study in mice from the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health’s Division of Intramural Research. The study was published in a recent issue of the journal Neuron.



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Friday, November 16, 2018

Study explains behavioral reaction to painful experiences

Two different groups of parabrachial neurons, one expressing calcitonin gene-related peptide (green) and the other expressing substance P (red).

This press release describes basic research related to understanding the nature of pain.



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Dietary fat is good? Dietary fat is bad? Coming to consensus

Which is better, a low-fat/high-carbohydrate diet or a high-fat/low-carbohydrate diet -- or is it the type of fat that matters? In a new paper, researchers with diverse expertise and perspectives on the issues laid out the case for each position and came to a consensus and a future research agenda.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2qQHcXN

Low-carb diets cause people to burn more calories

Most people regain the weight they lose from dieting within one or two years, in part because the body adapts by slowing metabolism and burning fewer calories. A meticulous study now finds that eating fewer carbohydrates increases the number of calories burned. The findings suggest that low-carb diets can help people maintain weight loss, making obesity treatment more effective.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2A1hmEE

Thursday, November 15, 2018

Checking very preterm babies' head size can help identify long-term IQ problems

Regular early head circumference assessments add valuable information when screening for long-term neurocognitive risk - according to new research.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2Tkiix1

Should you eat a low-gluten diet?

When healthy people eat a low-gluten and fiber-rich diet compared with a high-gluten diet they experience less intestinal discomfort including less bloating which researchers show are due to changes of the composition and function of gut bacteria. The new study also shows a modest weight loss following low-gluten dieting. The researchers attribute the impact of diet on healthy adults more to change in composition of dietary fibers than gluten itself.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily https://ift.tt/2QL2RMD