Thursday, July 20, 2017

Links between meal frequency and BMI found by research

Timing and frequency of meals play a role in predicting weight loss or gain, suggests new research.

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Healthy heart in 20s=healthy brain in 40s

People who take care of their heart health in young adulthood may have larger brains in middle-age, compared to people who do not take care of their heart health, according to a study.

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Smart walk assist improves rehabilitation

An algorithm that adjusts how a mobile harness, suspended from the ceiling, assists patients suffering from spinal cord injury or stroke has been developed by researchers. In a clinical study with over 30 patients, the scientists showed that the patients wearing the smart walking assist immediately improved their locomotor abilities, enabling them to perform activities of daily living that would not be possible without the support.

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Using a pig model to study chronic diseases may help minimize drug failure rate

Scientists may be able to minimize the failure rate of drugs for diseases linked to high-calorie diets, such as colon cancer and type 2 diabetes, if they test treatments using a pig model, according to an international team of researchers.

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Jodie Taylor's diet diary

Article Jul 20, 2017

The England and Arsenal striker, 30, talks about how she’s fuelling up during this summer’s Euros



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Most primary care physicians can't identify all risk factors for prediabetes

Researchers who distributed a survey at a retreat and medical update for primary care physicians (PCPs) report that the vast majority of the 140 doctors who responded could not identify all 11 risk factors that experts say qualify patients for prediabetes screening. The survey, they say, is believed to be one of the first to formally test PCPs' knowledge of current professional guidelines for such screening.

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Outdoor workouts

Article Jul 20, 2017

Escape the gym this summer and reap the multiple benefits that fresh-air exercise brings



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Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Pre-pregnancy obesity increases risk for neurocognitive problems in premature babies

Children born extremely premature to women who are overweight or obese before the pregnancy are at an increased risk for low scores on tests of intelligence and cognitive processes that influence self-regulation and control, according to researchers.

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Obese patients don't need to lose weight before total joint replacement, study finds

There's good news for overweight people with painfully arthritic hips and knees: A new study finds that obese patients who underwent knee or hip replacement surgery reported virtually the same pain relief and improved function as normal-weight joint replacement patients six months after surgery.

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Tennis tips from the top

Article Jul 19, 2017

Brush up on your tennis skills with these pro pointers from Serena William's coach Patrick Mouratoglou and top player Martina Hingis



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Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Benefits of gastric bypass surgery linked to changes in sweet taste preference

Worldwide, the number of patients struggling with obesity is rapidly increasing in both adults and children. Diet and exercise are the mainstays of treatment for obesity, but have limited effectiveness. While bariatric surgery can produce sustained and significant weight loss for most patients, not all patients experience similar benefits.

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One minute of running per day associated with better bone health in women

A single minute of exercise each day is linked to better bone health in women, new research shows.

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New combination of anti-obesity drugs may have beneficial effects

New research has revealed that a unique combination of hormone-based drugs can produce enhanced weight loss in laboratory tests with obese animals.

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Does exercise facilitate body weight control? The answer may depend on sex

Healthcare practitioners regularly prescribe diet and exercise as a method for patients to lose weight. But exercise might not be equally effective in males and females, according to new research. In a study conducted in rats, researchers fed both male and female rats a high fat diet and then trained half of them to run on a treadmill.

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Estrogen in the brain prevents obesity and glucose intolerance during menopause in lab animal study

Researchers have found that adding estrogen in the brain may improve health in obese females after menopause.

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Young adult obesity: A neglected, yet essential focus to reverse the obesity epidemic

The overall burden of the US obesity epidemic continues to require new thinking, argues an expert in a new report.

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Optimal methods for administering children's medications

New research aims to help solve the problem of dose optimization of children's medicines.

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Eating at 'wrong time' affects body weight, circadian rhythms

A new high-precision feeding system for lab mice reinforces the idea that the time of day food is eaten is more critical to weight loss than the amount of calories ingested.

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Not all plant-based diets are created equal

Plant-based diets are recommended to reduce the risk of heart disease; however, some plant-based diets are associated with a higher risk of heart disease, according to a new study.

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Grapefruit Juice and Some Drugs Don't Mix

Grapefruit juice can affect how well some medicines work, and it may cause dangerous side effects.

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Monday, July 17, 2017

Artificial sweeteners linked to risk of weight gain, heart disease and other health issues

Artificial sweeteners may be associated with long-term weight gain and increased risk of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease, according to a new study.

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Friday, July 14, 2017

Latest Findings From CREST-E Trial Don’t Support Using the Dietary Supplement Creatine To Treat Huntington’s Disease

illustration of a creatine molecule

Findings from the CREST-E clinical trial show that creatine doesn’t slow the progression of early Huntington’s disease.



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Machine-learning techniques used to unlock hidden benefit of weight loss interventions for overweight patients with type 2 diabetes

Losing weight reduces the risk of long-term cardiovascular illness and mortality for the majority of patients with type 2 diabetes, but for a small subgroup, weight-loss intervention can lead to dramatically worse outcomes.

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How statins could be more effective in treatment of ovarian cancer

Statins may be used as a potentially effective treatment against ovarian cancer, suggests evidence from a new study.

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Thursday, July 13, 2017

Insufficient levels of Vitamin D in pregnancy detrimental to child development

Vitamin D deficiency in expectant mothers during pregnancy has a negative effect on the social development and motor skills of pre-school age children, a new study reports.

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NIH Repays Your Student Loans! Apply September 1 – November 15, 2017

NIH’s Loan Repayment Programs can help some early-stage researchers repay their student loan debt. This blog post explains how NCCIH participates in the programs.



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Wednesday, July 12, 2017

House dust spurs growth of fat cells in lab tests

Poor diet and a lack of physical activity are major contributors to the world's obesity epidemic, but researchers have also identified common environmental pollutants that could play a role. Now one team reports that small amounts of house dust containing many of these compounds can spur fat cells to accumulate more triglycerides, or fat, in a lab dish.

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Babies born big more likely to become obese as children, study finds

Infants born with a high birthweight are more likely to become obese as children, a new study suggests. By identifying at-risk infants early, doctors could work with parents to prevent weight gain and the health problems obesity brings.

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Chronic liver inflammation linked to Western diet

A new study reports that mice fed a Western diet, which is high in fat and sugar, resulted in hepatic inflammation, especially in males. Moreover, liver inflammation was most pronounced in Western diet-fed male mice that also lacked farnesoid x receptor (FXR), a bile acid receptor.

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Tuesday, July 11, 2017

USPSTF recommendation regarding behavioral counseling for cardiovascular disease prevention

The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that primary care professionals individualize the decision to offer or refer adults without obesity who do not have high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol or blood sugar levels or diabetes to behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity. Existing evidence indicates a positive but small benefit of behavioral counseling for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in this population.

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Heart failure is associated with loss of important gut bacteria

In the gut of patients with heart failure, important groups of bacteria are found less frequently and the gut flora is not as diverse as in healthy individuals. Data obtained by scientists provide valuable points of departure for understanding how gut colonization is associated with the development and progress of heart failure.

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Monday, July 10, 2017

Large-scale, collaborative effort could help ease global hearing loss

A team of hearing experts is calling for a comprehensive, worldwide initiative to combat hearing loss.

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Does baby-led approach to complementary feeding reduce overweight risk?

Does allowing infants to control their food intake by feeding themselves solid foods, instead of traditional spoon-feeding, reduce the risk of overweight or impact other secondary outcomes up to age 2? This was the focus of recent research, explain authors of a new report.

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Age, obesity conspire to damage the tiny blood vessels that feed the heart, causing heart failure

Age and obesity appear to create a perfect storm that can reduce blood flow through the tiny blood vessels that directly feed our heart muscle and put us at risk for heart failure, scientists report.

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Friday, July 7, 2017

Fasting blood sugar, fasting insulin identified as new biomarkers for weight loss

A personalized diet approach could lead to greater weight loss and maintenance success, report researchers. Their study identifies fasting blood sugar and/or fasting insulin as new biomarkers for weight loss in people with prediabetes or diabetes.

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Gut bacteria can help to predict how the body will respond to fatty foods

Chemical signatures from gut bacteria that show up in urine can be used to predict how the body will respond to a 'junk' diet, report scientists.

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Anti-gravity treadmills get patients running again after knee surgery

Using space age technology, an expert on knee rehabilitation works with clients who have been given the all clear to start to return to sporting activities but may have concerns about moving from being a patient with an injury to being an athlete again.

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Mindfulness-based therapy may reduce stress in overweight and obese individuals

In a randomized clinical trial of women who were overweight or obese, mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) increased mindfulness and decreased stress compared with health education. In addition, fasting blood sugar levels decreased within the MBSR group, but not within the health education group.

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Thursday, July 6, 2017

Conversation cards© a useful tool in pediatric weight management

Conversation Cards© were developed to help families think about and prioritize key challenges regarding pediatric weight management. They also create points of reference for providers, which could help to create treatment plans for families based on their priorities. Using Conversation Cards©, researchers conducted a study that reviewed the way families use the cards and how their card selections aligned with family characteristics.

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Late teen years are key period for bone growth

The late adolescent years are an important period for gaining bone mineral, even after a teenager attains his or her adult height. Scientists analyzing a racially diverse, multicenter sample from a large, federally funded national study say their findings reinforce the importance of diet and physical activities during the late teen years, as a foundation for lifelong health.

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How high-fat diet impacts colorectal cancer

A specific molecular pathway has been discovered that plays a key role in the link between a high-fat diet and tumor growth in the colon. The research team showed in pre-clinical models that cancer stem cell growth in the colon was enhanced by a high-fat, Western diet.

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More than half of China cancer deaths attributable to potentially modifiable risk factors

More than half of all cancer deaths in men in 2013 in China and more than a third of those in women were attributable to a group of potentially modifiable risk factors.

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Wednesday, July 5, 2017

Brain's immune cells may drive overeating and weight gain

Immune cells in the brain trigger overeating and weight gain in response to diets rich in fat, according to a new study in mice.

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Consumption of high-fructose corn syrup increased in Canada after tariffs lowered in NAFTA

Lower tariffs on high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) were linked to higher supply and likely consumption of added sweeteners in Canada, including HFCS, found new research.

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Smelling your food makes you fat

Researchers developed ways to temporarily eliminate the sense of smell in adult mice, and discovered that those mice that lost smell could eat a high-fat diet and stay a normal weight, while littermates that retained the sense of smell ballooned to twice normal weight. Supersmellers gained more weight than did normal mice on the same high-fat diet. Smell-deficient mice burned excess fat instead of storing it, suggesting a link between smell and metabolism.

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Sprayable sensing network technology for structural health monitoring

A novel breed of nanocomposites-inspired sensors has been developed that can be sprayed directly on flat or curved engineering structural surfaces, such as train tracks and airplane structures. The sprayed sensors can be networked, to render rich real-time information on the health status of the structure under monitoring.

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Tweaking muscle metabolism prevents obesity and diabetes in mice

Mildly stressing muscle metabolism boosts levels of a beneficial hormone that prevents obesity and diabetes in mice, according to a new study. The findings show that triggering ER stress in mouse muscle cells causes them to produce and secrete significant amounts of the anti-diabetic hormone fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21), which then has widespread beneficial effects on whole-body metabolism.

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Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Altering gut bacteria pathways may stimulate fat tissue to prevent obesity

A biological link has been discovered between gut bacteria metabolism and obesity. A research team showed that blocking a specific intestinal microbial pathway can prevent obesity and insulin resistance, as well as cause fat tissue to become more metabolically active.

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Monday, July 3, 2017

New anesthesia dosing models may increase safety of remifentanil for obese patients and children

New dosing models have been developed that may provide the scientific basis for more accurate administration of remifentanil, a synthetic opioid commonly used during surgery, in children and obese patients.

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High-fat diet in pregnancy increases breast cancer risk over generations in animal study

Feeding pregnant female mice a diet high in fat derived from common corn oil resulted in genetic changes that substantially increased breast cancer susceptibility in three generations of female offspring, report scientists.

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Needles and Coffee May Not Mix; Even a Low Dose of Caffeine Blocks Acupuncture’s Pain Relief in Mice

Cup of coffee

Researchers find that even the small amounts of caffeine that remain in the body hours after drinking a cup of coffee could potentially reduce acupuncture’s effect on pain. The study was supported by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH).



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Saturday, July 1, 2017

Zoning in on specifics of Mediterranean diet for colorectal health

The benefits of a "Mediterranean diet" (MD) are well-known when it comes to colorectal protection, but it's hard to know specifically what elements of the diet are the healthiest.

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Thursday, June 29, 2017

Teenage weight gain linked to increased stroke risk as an adult

Kids who become overweight during their teenage years may be more likely to develop a stroke decades later than kids who did not become overweight during those years, according to a study.

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Does carrying extra weight offer better survival following a stroke?

Despite the fact that obesity increases both the risk for stroke and death, a new study has found that people who are overweight or even mildly obese survive strokes at a higher rate as compared to those with a normal body weight.

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Cocoa and chocolate are not just treats -- they are good for your cognition

Researchers have examined the available literature for the effects of acute and chronic administration of cocoa flavanols on different cognitive domains. It turns out that cognitive performance was improved by a daily intake of cocoa flavanols.

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Barbecue Basics: Tips to Prevent Foodborne Illness

Barbecuing with friends and family is a warm-weather treat. Help keep bacteria at bay with these food safety tips.

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Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Scientific statement on obesity's causes

A new Scientific Statement calls for more research aimed specifically at understanding the underlying mechanisms that make it difficult to maintain long-term weight loss.

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Obesity risk factors dropped in preschoolers in prevention program

A community-wide intervention for families who receive WIC benefits reduced obesity risk factors in preschoolers.

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Mildly obese fare better after major heart attack

People who survive a major heart attack often do better in the years afterward if they're mildly obese, a study by cardiologists shows.

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Indoor air in schools could add to children's exposure to PCBs

The US banned PCBs nearly four decades ago, but they persist in the environment and have been found in animals and humans since then. Now researchers report that concentrations of airborne PCBs inside schools could result in some students inhaling the compounds at higher levels than they would consume through their diets. Exposure through both are lower than set limits, but cumulative amounts, researchers caution, could be concerning.

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Tuesday, June 27, 2017

How insulin in the brain may suppress the subjective feeling of hunger

Insulin in the brain may help regulate the hunger sensation and improve functional connectivity in certain cognitive brain regions (default-mode network, DMN *) as well as in the hippocampus and hypothalamus.

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Monday, June 26, 2017

Eating more vegetable protein may protect against early menopause

Long-term, high intake of vegetable protein from such foods as whole grains, soy and tofu, may protect women from early menopause and could prolong reproductive function, results of a new study from epidemiologists suggest.

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Dietary and lifestyle recommendations for patients at risk of macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of severe visual impairment in older populations and is characterized by progressive destruction of the retinal pigment epithelial cells and photoreceptors due to low-grade inflammation, ischemia and oxidative stress. Studies show evidence that carotenoids and antioxidants derived either from the diet or from supplements may significantly reduce the risk of visual loss in these patients.

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Friday, June 23, 2017

Changes to diet, physical activity, behaviour may reduce obesity in children, adolescents

Making changes to diet, physical activity and behavior may reduce obesity in children and adolescents, suggests a new report.

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Marriage makes men fatter, shows new research

Being married makes men gain weight, and the early days of fatherhood add to the problem, finds new research.

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Decades after the discovery of anti-obesity hormone, scant evidence that leptin keeps lean people lean, scientists say

Decades after the discovery of anti-obesity hormone, scant evidence that leptin keeps lean people lean, scientists caution.

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Thursday, June 22, 2017

The biology of uterine fluid: How it informs the fetus of mom's world

A developing fetus bathes in a mixture of cellular secretions and proteins unique to its mother's uterus. Before fertilization, the pH of uterine fluid helps create a conducive environment for sperm migration, and afterward, its volume supports the embryo as it implants onto the wall of the uterus. Recent evidence suggests that uterine fluid may play another role in embryonic development: communicating the mother's outside conditions to the fetus,

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Peroxisomal biogenesis disorder: New link to sugar metabolism

Peroxisomal biogenesis disorder, which has been linked only to lipid metabolism, is also associated with sugar metabolism.

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High fat diet reduces gut bacteria, Crohn's disease symptoms

A high fat diet may lead to specific changes in gut bacteria that could fight harmful inflammation -- a major discovery for patients suffering from Crohn's disease, research indicates. Crohn's disease, a type of inflammatory bowel syndrome, causes debilitating intestinal swelling, cramping, and diarrhea. The disease affects half a million people in the United States, but its cause is yet unclear.

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Tattoo Removal: Options and Results

How hard is it to remove a tattoo? What processes are used? Is it painful?

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Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Eating fish may reduce arthritis symptoms

In a recent study, individuals with rheumatoid arthritis who consumed fish twice weekly had lower disease activity (swollen/tender joint counts along with other assessments) than those who ate fish never to <1/month.

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Specific diabetes medications to protect bone health recommended

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and osteoporosis often coexist in patients, but managing both conditions can be a challenge. A comprehensive review highlights the most effective treatment options for treating these conditions together.

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Extra-virgin olive oil preserves memory, protects brain against Alzheimer's

The Mediterranean diet is associated with a variety of health benefits, including a lower incidence of dementia. Now, researchers have identified a specific ingredient that protects against cognitive decline: extra-virgin olive oil. In a new study, the researchers show that consumption of extra-virgin olive oil protects memory and learning ability and reduces the formation of amyloid-beta plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain -- classic markers of Alzheimer's disease.

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Lightweight steel production breakthrough: Brittle phases controlled

High-strength, lightweight steels can finally be processed on an industrial scale, thanks to a breakthrough in controlling undesired brittle stages from production.

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Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Internet-based weight-loss program for low-income women after child birth

An internet-based weight loss program was effective in promoting significant weight loss in low-income postpartum women over 12 months, according to a study.

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Screening for obesity in children and adolescents recommended

The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that clinicians screen for obesity in children and adolescents 6 years and older and offer or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvements in weight.

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Caution: Bodybuilding Products Can Be Risky

Are all bodybuilding products safe to use? The FDA says no and explains why.

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Betty for Schools take on period taboos

News Jun 20, 2017

New research suggests girls are missing out on school sports due to period worries – but that's about to change



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Monday, June 19, 2017

Yoga Similar to Physical Therapy in Helping Low-Back Pain in a Diverse Urban Population

Three women practicing yoga

NCCIH-funded study shows yoga and physical therapy offer similar pain-relief and functional benefits to people with low socioeconomic status with chronic low-back pain.



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Poor adolescent diet may influence brain and behavior in adulthood

Adolescent male mice fed a diet lacking omega-3 fatty acids show increased anxiety-like behavior and worse performance on a memory task in adulthood, according to new research.

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Treating autism by targeting the gut

Therapies to change the bacteria in the gut, through diet, pro-and prebiotic supplements, fecal matter transplants or antibiotics, could treat autism. A review of six decades of research linking the gut to brain development could pave the way for cheap and effective treatment.

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Grape-based compounds kill colon cancer stem cells in mice

Compounds from grapes may kill colon cancer stem cells both in a petri dish and in mice, according to a team of researchers.

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Friday, June 16, 2017

Genes and the environment? Factors, patterns that lead to childhood obesity risk

A factor that has been linked to childhood obesity is restrictive feeding practices by primary caregivers, the implication being that it may interfere with a child's ability to learn to self-regulate food intake. When a child is overweight, parents tend to use more controlling, restrictive feeding practices. A new study is showing that a child's genetics, related to emotion and cognition, may also play a role in this pattern.

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Global diet and farming methods 'must change for environment's sake'

Reducing meat consumption and using more efficient farming methods globally are essential to stave off irreversible damage to the environmental, a new study says. The research also found that future increases in agricultural sustainability are likely to be driven by dietary shifts and increases in efficiency, rather than changes between food production systems.

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Thursday, June 15, 2017

Breast Cancer in Men: Treatments and Genetic Counseling

Breast cancer in men tends to be diagnosed at an older age and a later stage, but is treated very similarly to breast cancer in women.

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Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Gluten-free beer from Witkop teff grains

For celiac patients and others on gluten-free diets, it seems like gluten is everywhere -- cakes, cookies and breads. It's even in most beers. But now, a team reports that beers made with Witkop teff grains may be a good alternative to traditionally brewed barley beers.

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Molecular pilot light prepares body's heating system for the cold

Researchers detail a molecule that acts as a molecular pilot light required to turn on the brown fat furnace. Brown fat burns sugar and fat to produce radiant heat in the body. These cells are of interest because some of the sugar and fat they burn is stored in the body and might otherwise lead to increases in white fat, the form that increases in obesity.

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Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Major new appetite regulator successfully manipulated in mice

A new link between certain brain receptors and obesity has been identified by researchers, giving a possible new drug target for appetite regulation.

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Poor diet, plus Alzheimer's gene, may fuel disease

Mice carrying a genetic risk factor for the disease quickly developed brain plaques after 12 weeks on a poor diet, research indicates.

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Traditional treatment is better for iron-deficiency anemia, clinical trial shows

A clinical trial compared new and traditional treatments for iron-deficiency anemia and determined that the traditional treatment, ferrous sulfate, can more effectively treat the anemia in young children.

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Body contouring is only for the rich and insured

Only a small percentage of obese patients who have undergone bariatric surgery to help them control their weight follow up this procedure with further plastic surgery to reshape their bodies and remove excess rolls of skin. Such body contouring surgery is generally only affordable to patients with adequate insurance and income.

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Monday, June 12, 2017

Healthy diet? That depends on your genes

Shifts in the diets of Europeans after the introduction of farming 10,000 years ago led to genetic adaptations that favored the dietary trends of the time, new research indicates. The study has implications for the growing field of nutritional genomics, called nutrigenomics. Based on one's ancestry, clinicians may one day tailor each person's diet to her or his genome to improve health and prevent disease.

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The secrets of tooth calcium revealed

Two studies on calcium isotopes in teeth have provided new insights into both the extinction of the marine reptiles and weaning age in humans. The findings open new avenues for research in anthropology and paleontology, say researchers.

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Western diet increases Alzheimer's pathology in genetically predisposed mice

Obese mice with a particular version of a gene strongly associated with Alzheimer's disease in humans show increased Alzheimer's pathology, according to new research.

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Vegetarian diets almost twice as effective in reducing body weight, study finds

Dieters who go vegetarian not only lose weight more effectively than those on conventional low-calorie diets but also improve their metabolism by reducing muscle fat, a new study has found.

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More than 2 billion people overweight or obese, new study finds

Globally, more than 2 billion children and adults suffer from health problems related to being overweight or obese, and an increasing percentage of people die from these health conditions, according to a new study.

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Fasting glucose as a marker for greater weight loss on a high-fiber, low-glycemic diet

A Preliminary study finds that study participants with high fasting plasma glucose lost more weight than those with low fasting plasma glucose when following a high-fiber, low-glycemic load diet.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2skn8jp

Underweight female runners more likely to get stress fractures

Female runners who are underweight have a higher risk for injury and take longer to heal, according to a new study. A researcher studied dozens of Division I athletes over three years and found that those with a body mass index of 19 or below were likely to develop stress fractures because their bodies are unable to handle the constant pounding of running.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2sUl9iH

Sunday, June 11, 2017

Is the finger-stick blood test necessary for type 2 diabetes treatment?

Blood glucose testing does not offer a significant advantage in blood sugar control or quality of life for type 2 diabetes patients who are not treated with insulin, suggests new research.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rQkel0

Cash for weight loss

A new study has shown that selling rewards programs to participants entering a weight loss program is a low cost strategy to increase both the magnitude and duration of weight loss.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rkt3jj

Friday, June 9, 2017

Dining hall intervention helped college students choose healthier options

As most college students' diets are low in fruits and vegetables and high in calories, sugar, fat, and sodium, researchers created a cross-sectional study to examine whether messaging encouraging fruit, vegetable, and water intake could influence the habits of university students.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2sLUsNo

Thursday, June 8, 2017

Does consuming low-fat dairy increase the risk of Parkinson's disease?

Consuming at least three servings of low-fat dairy a day is associated with a greater risk of developing Parkinson's disease compared to consuming less than one serving a day, according to a large study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rZCZmH

Pregnancy diet high in refined grains could increase kids' obesity by age 7

Children born to women with gestational diabetes whose diet included high proportions of refined grains may have a higher risk of obesity by age 7, compared to children born to women with gestational diabetes who ate low proportions of refined grains, according to results of a new study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2sji12q

Braces Have Changed, From Metal to Tooth-Colored to Clear

FDA answers your questions about braces and how they've changed.

from Nutrition.gov News Feeds http://ift.tt/2rZ9GAD

Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Showcasing Cutting-Edge Research on Natural Products

NCCIH’s natural products portfolio represents roughly half of our overall extramural funding, so we’re fortunate to be able to host events featuring exciting research in the arena.



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Overweight children are being excluded from friendships, study finds

Overweight children have more unreciprocated friendships and frenemies than their thinner counterparts, a new study has found. In a survey of 504 preteens in the Netherlands, researchers found that overweight children are excluded from friendships, call classmates friends when the feeling is not mutual and are disliked by peers. And overweight children dislike more classmates than their thinner peers. These heightened negative relationships take a mental, social and physical toll.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rMzk9A

Prebiotics reduce body fat in overweight children

There may soon be a new tool in the fight against childhood obesity. Prebiotics reduce body fat in children who are overweight or obese by altering their gut microbiota, according to new research. Prebiotics are non-digestible food ingredients (such as fiber) that act as fertilizers to help stimulate the growth of good bacteria already in the gut, different from probiotics, which introduce new bacteria into the system.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2r6BcI6

Small group of neurons modulates the amount of insulin that the pancreas must produce

A new study emphasizes the importance of the neuronal mechanisms in the detection of nutrients and the control of glucose levels. The results help to understand diabetes in greater detail.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rBRbBJ

Standard dosage for one lung cancer treatment may be too high

The customary pembrolizumab dose for treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer may be higher than is needed for effective treatment, conclude researchers.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2r5NkZU

Tuesday, June 6, 2017

Is white or whole wheat bread 'healthier?' Depends on the person

Despite many studies looking at which bread is the healthiest, it is still not clear what effect bread and differences among bread types have on clinically relevant parameters and on the microbiome. Researchers report the results of a comprehensive, randomized trial in 20 healthy subjects comparing differences in how processed white bread and artisanal whole wheat sourdough affect the body.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2s1oa3G

Drinking diet beverages during pregnancy linked to child obesity, study suggests

Children born to women who had gestational diabetes and drank at least one artificially sweetened beverage per day during pregnancy were more likely to be overweight or obese at age 7, compared to children born to women who had gestational diabetes and drank water instead of artificially sweetened beverages, according to a study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2sPumrP

Flu shot less effective for obese adults

Although influenza vaccines are currently the best forms of protection to safeguard people against the flu, they are not effective in all cases. A study found that obese people -- despite getting their shots -- were still twice as likely to develop influenza or flu-like illnesses than others of healthy weight.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2sd5Iof

Starving prostate cancer with what you eat: Apple peels, red grapes, turmeric

When you dine on curry and baked apples, enjoy the fact that you are eating something that could play a role starving -- or even preventing -- cancer. New research identifies several natural compounds found in food, including turmeric, apple peels and red grapes, as key ingredients that could thwart the growth of prostate cancer.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2r26MGW

Stem cells may be the key to staying strong in old age

A new study, performed in mice, could lead to new approaches to help people stay stronger in old age. The study challenges conventional wisdom with results suggesting that loss of muscle stem cells is the main driving force behind muscle decline in old age.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rxeSLj

Take a coffee or tea break to protect your liver

Researchers found that drinking coffee and herbal tea may protect against liver fibrosis, estimated as the degree of liver stiffness, which is high in extensive scarring of the liver. Because these beverages are popular, widely available, and inexpensive, they could have the potential to become important in the prevention of advanced liver disease.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2sOReYt

Outsmarting Poison Ivy and Other Poisonous Plants

Poison ivy and other poisonous plants are a hazard year-round. Here are tips for preventing and treating the itchy rash and blisters.

from Nutrition.gov News Feeds http://ift.tt/2qXuQQk

Monday, June 5, 2017

Diabetes drug prevents stiffening of heart muscle in obese mouse model

Overconsumption of a Western diet high in fats and refined sugars has contributed to a global increase in obesity and Type 2 diabetes. Obese and diabetic premenopausal women are more at risk of developing heart disease -- even more than men of similar age and with similar health issues. A new study has found that the diabetes medication linagliptin can protect against stiffening of the left ventricle of the heart in overweight female mice.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2ruc4yp

Two interventions help improve weight management in children with overweight or obesity

Two interventions that link clinical care with community resources helped improve key health measures in children with overweight or obesity at the outset of the study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qQUwtA

One in five surgical weight-loss patients take prescription opioids seven years after surgery

While the proportion of adults with severe obesity using prescription opioids initially declines in the months after bariatric surgery, it increases within a matter of years, eventually surpassing pre-surgery rates of patients using the potentially addictive pain medications, according to new research.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rM8bFB

Simple step to protect people with type 1 diabetes against heart disease

One additional injection of insulin three hours after eating has been shown to protect people with type 1 diabetes from cardiovascular disease -- the leading cause of death among people with the condition.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qTJDLE

Mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea is associated with hypertension, diabetes

Preliminary data from two studies suggest that mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea is associated with an increased risk of developing hypertension and diabetes.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rW9faQ

Sunday, June 4, 2017

A mother's age doesn't matter, study suggests

A mother's advanced age at childbirth is not the reason for the elevated risks of low birth weight or preterm birth -- such risks may instead be related to individual circumstances and behavioral patterns of the mother, suggests new research.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rzCldh

Friday, June 2, 2017

Dairy products a good dietary source of some types of vitamin K

US dairy products are a significant source of the MK form of vitamin K and indicates that MK forms of the nutrient are more present in commonly-consumed foods than previously thought, new research shows.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2szdYMb

Timing meals later at night can cause weight gain and impair fat metabolism

New findings suggest eating late at night could be more dangerous than you think. Compared to eating earlier in the day, prolonged delayed eating can increase weight, insulin and cholesterol levels, and negatively affect fat metabolism, and hormonal markers implicated in heart disease, diabetes and other health problems, according to recent results.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rA1R42

Thursday, June 1, 2017

Short, high-intensity exercise sessions improve insulin production in type 2 diabetes

Short, functional-movement and resistance training workouts, called functional high-intensity training (F-HIT), may improve beta-cell function in adults with type 2 diabetes, new research shows. Beta cells in the pancreas produce, store and secrete insulin, which allows your body to use sugar for energy. The small study is the first one of its kind to analyze beta-cell function in F-HIT or resistance training.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rJrb8B

Al-Er-G Capsules by MusclMasster: Recall - Contains Banned Substance Ephedra

MusclMasster, LLC recalls Al-Er-G Capsules because the product contained Ephedra Herb, an FDA banned ingredient.



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds http://ift.tt/2rCOH6K

FTC Sends Additional Refund Checks Totaling Almost $2 Million to People Who Bought Green Coffee Weight-Loss Supplements

Federal Trade Commission mails 38,553 refund checks totaling $1.9 million to people who bought Pure Health or Genesis Today green coffee bean extract supplements.



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Seasonal Allergies: Which Medication is Right for You?

The FDA regulates many products that treat allergies or offer allergy relief. But which will work for you depends on your particular symptoms.

from Nutrition.gov News Feeds http://ift.tt/2ro9cBw

Allergy Relief for Your Child

Do you have a sneezing, stuffy-nosed child? He or she may have allergies. Learn more about proven treatments for children.

from Nutrition.gov News Feeds http://ift.tt/2rXThg3

Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Do obese children need to attend treatment to lose weight?

One-third of American children are overweight or obese. Family-based treatment (FBT) has been considered the best model for the treatment of obese children as it provides both parents and children with education and behavior therapy techniques but is provided mainly in a hospital setting. Researchers have found that parent-based therapy (PBT) has similar outcomes to FBT and could be more cost-effective.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qFXEYB

Obesity can lead to more severe hot flashes and other menopause symptoms

Vasomotor symptoms (VMS), such as hot flashes and night sweats, cause serious discomfort in many women at menopause. Studies show a higher frequency of VMS in women who gain weight during the postmenopause period, and the effect of obesity on VMS has been studied for many years. A new study finds that hot flashes are associated with a higher body mass index (BMI).

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rEC6AD

Tuesday, May 30, 2017

Prenatal stress predisposes female mice to binge eating

Stress changes our eating habits, but the mechanism may not be purely psychological, research in mice suggests. A study has found that stressed mouse mothers were more likely to give birth to pups that would go on to exhibit binge-eating-like behavior later in life. The pups from stressed mothers shared epigenetic tags on their DNA, but these markers only made a difference when the researchers put the young offspring into a stressful situation.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rBAYxv

Component of Marijuana Reduces Seizures in Some Children With Epilepsy

Recent industry-funded study results suggest cannabidiol (a component of marijuana) reduces convulsive seizures in children with a rare form of epilepsy called Dravet syndrome when compared with placebo.



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Tips from NCCIH’s Office of Scientific Review for Responding to the New Clinical Trial Funding Announcements

By now you’ve probably heard that NCCIH has a new series of funding opportunity announcements (FOAs) for investigator-initiated clinical trials. These FOAs will allow you to provide more relevant information regarding your planned trial through the use of special attachments. The review panels will use the information in the attachments to assess important aspects of your study such as rigor, feasibility, and the potential impact of your proposed trial.



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High-fat diet alters reward system in rats

Exposure to high-fat diet from childhood may increase the sensitivity of the dopamine system later in adulthood, according to a study in male rats.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2r7xykt

Monday, May 29, 2017

Dramatic shift in gut microbes and their metabolites seen after weight loss surgery

Obesity is linked with the composition of microbes in the human gut. In new research, bacterial composition in the gut, as well as accompanying metabolites are shown to undergo a profound and permanent shift, with microbial diversity significantly increasing following gastric bypass surgery.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qzgJvk

Friday, May 26, 2017

A flip switch for binge-eating?

Researchers have identified a subgroup of neurons in the mouse brain that, upon activation, immediately prompt binge-like eating.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qohAj3

Isolated Greek villages reveal genetic secrets that protect against heart disease

A genetic variant that protects the heart against cardiovascular disease has been discovered. The cardioprotective variant was found in an isolated Greek population, who are known to live long and healthy lives despite having a diet rich in animal fat.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qWt3tf

Morgan Lake Q&A

Article May 26, 2017

Ahead of the 2017 World Championships in Athletics, we spoke with GB athlete Morgan Lake on how she’s balancing personal life and training



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Thursday, May 25, 2017

Collaborating to Support Research on a Promising Smoking Cessation Treatment

Illnesses and deaths linked to tobacco smoking are a huge public health problem in the United States and worldwide. Although treatments such as counseling and medication are available to help people stop smoking, research indicates that these treatments are not always available or successful for every patient, and that an individualized approach is desirable.



from Nutrition.gov News Feeds http://ift.tt/2rDUzge

Size-sensing protein controls glucose uptake and storage in fat cells

Researchers have discovered that a molecule which can sense the swelling of fat cells also controls a signaling pathway that allows fat cells to take up and store excess glucose. Mice missing this protein, known as SWELL1, gain less weight (fat) than normal mice on a high-fat diet, but also develop diabetes.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qTn1JR

Probing problems with bariatric surgery: Reoperations, variation are common

Every year, nearly 200,000 Americans turn to surgeons for help with their obesity, seeking bariatric surgery to lose weight and prevent life-threatening health problems. But after more than two decades of steadily increasing numbers of operations, American bariatric surgery centers still vary greatly in the quality of care they provide.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qjXC98

Recommended daily protein intake too low for the elderly

The minimum protein requirement for healthy adults has been set almost 15 years ago to 0.80 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. There is a growing body of evidence that this recommended dietary allowance (RDA) is not sufficient for older persons and that they would benefit from eating more proteins.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rYlsId

Where body fat is carried can predict cancer risk

Carrying fat around your middle could be as good an indicator of cancer risk as body mass index (BMI), according to new research.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qWH3Dz

Fiber-rich diet linked to lowered risk of painful knee osteoarthritis

A fiber-rich diet is linked to a lowered risk of painful knee osteoarthritis, finds the first study of its kind.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qdqvI9

Regular chocolate consumption may be linked to lower risk of heart flutter

Regular chocolate consumption may be linked to a lower risk of developing the heart rhythm irregularity atrial fibrillation, also known as heart flutter

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qT7WrQ

Dietary strategy to address obesity uses component in red chili

Scientists have discovered a dietary strategy that may address obesity by reducing endotoxemia, a major contributor to chronic, low-grade inflammation (CLGI). The researchers uncovered an interaction between dietary capsaicin (CAP), the major pungent component in red chili, and gut microbiota. This novel mechanism for the anti-obesity effect of CAP acts through prevention of microbial dysbiosis.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rNehDv

Rethinking exercise: Replace punishing workouts with movement that makes you happy

Many women start fitness programs to lose weight, and when they don't, they feel like failures and stop exercising. In a new study, researchers analyzed what women say makes them feel happy and successful, and how their expectations and beliefs about exercise foster or undermine those things.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qMp423

Just one alcoholic drink a day increases breast cancer risk, exercise lowers risk

Drinking just one glass of wine or other alcoholic drink a day increases breast cancer risk, finds a major new report.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qM8pvB

Why our brain cells may prevent us burning fat when we're dieting

A study carried out in mice may help explain why dieting can be an inefficient way to lose weight: key brain cells act as a trigger to prevent us burning calories when food is scarce.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qSOThm

Father's pre-conception vitamin D intake linked to child height and weight at 5 years old

New research shows that a father's vitamin D intake pre-conception is associated with his child's height and weight at five years old.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qP60jT

Keeping young women's weight gain to less than 800g/year could help prevent progression from healthy weight to overweight and obesity

New research shows that rates of weight gain are established by the time women are 18-23 years old. Measuring rates of weight gain at this age could identify women who are likely to become overweight or obese by the time they are 40. Furthermore, women who are divorced, separated or widowed, and those who smoke >10/day are most at risk of becoming overweight or obese.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rTOYiR

Eating a diet rich in fruit and vegetables could cut obesity risk

Pro-vegetarian diets (with a higher consumption of plant-based foods compared to animal-based foods) could provide substantial protection against obesity, according to new research.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rN6KEw

Eating more fruits and vegetables may lower risk of blockages in leg arteries

Eating three or more servings of fruit and vegetables per day may lower your risk of developing blockages in leg arteries.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rkOvcN

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

5 Tips for a Healthy Vacation

As you plan your next beach vacation, make sure your trip is a healthy one. Consider these five tips on sun safety, medications, contact lenses, tattoos, and eating well.

from Nutrition.gov News Feeds http://ift.tt/2qjt3ja

Monday, May 22, 2017

Sleep loss affects your waistline

Sleep loss increases the risk of obesity through a combination of effects on energy metabolism. This research will highlight how disrupted sleep patterns, a common feature of modern living, can predispose to weight gain, by affecting people’s appetite and responses to food and exercise.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qOHCxe

Sunday, May 21, 2017

Being overweight in childhood may heighten lifetime risk of depression

New research suggests that being overweight, especially from a young age, may substantially increase the lifetime risk of major depression.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rGLoHY

Thursday, May 18, 2017

A Crescendo of Interest and Research in Music and Health

In this blog post, NCCIH Director of External Research Dr. Emmeline Edwards discusses NIH/NCCIH funding opportunities in music and art therapies.



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Another reason to exercise: Burning bone fat a key to better bone health

It's a fat-burning secret anyone interested in bone health should know. For the first time, researchers show that exercising burns the fat found within bone marrow and offers evidence that this process improves bone quality and the amount of bone in a matter of weeks.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qWD5eP

Chance of colon cancer recurrence nearly cut in half in people who eat nuts

Something as simple as eating tree nuts may make a difference in the long-term survival of patients with colon cancer, a new study concludes.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2ruNXO6

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Following gastric band surgery, device-related reoperation common, costly

Among Medicare beneficiaries undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric band surgery, reoperation was common, costly, and varied widely across hospital referral regions, according to a study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rrCVsj

Switching to a low-glycemic diet may stop age-related eye disease, study suggests

Development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) could be arrested by switching from a high-glycemic to a low-glycemic diet, suggests a new study conducted in mice.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rryTku

Young women's gradual weight gain lifts pregnancy blood pressure danger

Researchers are challenging women to start thinking about pre-pregnancy health sooner, with the finding that years of gradual weight gain more than doubles the risk of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. The increased risk was due to weight change and occurred regardless of whether the woman's body mass index (BMI) was initially categorized as healthy or overweight.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pLklPn

Breast cancer risk is more affected by total body fat than abdominal fat

A reduction in overall body fat, rather than abdominal fat, is associated with lower levels of breast cancer markers. Levels of several breast cancer risk markers were reduced in postmenopausal women who lost total body fat, rather than just belly fat. These results emphasize the importance of maintaining a healthy weight and could influence the design of diet and exercise plans for overweight women.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2rqWMrj

'Healthy' obese people still at higher risk of cardiovascular disease events than general population

New research shows that so-called 'metabolically healthy' obese people are still at higher risk of cardiovascular disease events such as heart failure or stroke than normal weight people.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pTD9bm

Tuesday, May 16, 2017

Inflammatory signature of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

A team of investigators has identified key inflammatory cells involved in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Current treatment for the disorder involves changes to diet, yet no medication has been approved for treatment. Findings from this study provide a potential therapeutic target and offer the possibility for developing a treatment.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pI86D7

Popular weight-loss surgery puts patients at high risk for alcohol problems

One in five patients who undergo one of the most popular weight-loss surgical procedures is likely to develop problems with alcohol, with symptoms sometimes not appearing until years after their surgery, according to one of the largest, longest-running studies of adults who got weight-loss surgery.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qq86GZ

Monday, May 15, 2017

Nonprescription use of Ritalin linked to adverse side effects, study finds

New research has explored the potential side effects of the stimulant drug Ritalin on those without ADHD showed changes in brain chemistry associated with risk-taking behavior, sleep disruption and other undesirable effects.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qKWO1c

Better than BMI: More accurate way to determine adolescent obesity

Researchers have found a new, more accurate way to determine if adolescents are overweight, important findings considering many school districts label adolescents -- who tend to be more vulnerable to weight bias and fat shaming than adults -- as obese.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2riUDhC

Friday, May 12, 2017

Diet rich in fruit, vegetables and whole grains may lower risk of gout

A diet rich in fruit and vegetables, nuts and whole grains and low in salt, sugary drinks, and red and processed meats, is associated with a lower risk of gout, whereas a typical 'Western' diet is associated with a higher risk of gout, finds a study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2r8Z66g

Experts argue that obesity is a chronic, relapsing, progressive disease

Experts consider the argument for obesity as a chronic relapsing disease process. They note that obesity fits the epidemiological model of a disease process except that the toxic or pathological agent is food rather than a microbe.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qBbvUz

Common sweetener in low-cal foods also a marker for weight gain

A new study has identified the sugar alcohol erythritol as a biomarker for increasing fat mass. In contrast to previous assumptions and research, erythritol can be metabolized by, and even produced in, the human body.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qbseMt

Imbalanced gut microbiome linked to systemic sclerosis, study suggests

Americans and Norwegians with systemic sclerosis had higher levels of bacteria that can cause inflammation and lower levels of bacteria that are believed to protect against inflammation compared with healthy people.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pGc0HR

New findings may explain the advantages of polyunsaturated fat

Previous research has demonstrated that saturated fat is more fattening and less muscle building than polyunsaturated fats. A new study shows that the choice of fat causes epigenetic changes which in turn could contribute to differences in fat storage.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2r8j2Gw

Osteoarthritis could be prevented with good diet and exercise

Osteoarthritis can potentially be prevented with a good diet and regular exercise, a new expert review reports.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2psPI14

Tamoxifen protects against obesity-related metabolic disorders

Tamoxifen is the gold standard for endocrine treatment of estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer. Tamoxifen is also known to have metabolic effects. A new study reports that the drug also prevents obesity, fatty liver, and insulin resistance in female mice who were fed a high-fat diet and whose ovaries had been removed. The study was also able to pinpoint which estrogen receptors underlie these protective effects, opening up possibilities for new therapies to treat these conditions.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2r9d20T

Wednesday, May 10, 2017

Loss of spinal nerve fibers not the only cause of disability in multiple sclerosis

Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have now sampled spinal cords of thirteen people with MS and five healthy controls, and found that spinal cord cross sectional area is not a good predictor of axonal loss.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pxU6ai

Older age at menopause and use of hormone therapy produce increased risk of hearing loss

It has long been suspected that menopause and the use of hormones had a direct effect on hearing. However, findings from previous studies have been conflicting, with some suggesting that hearing worsens at menopause but that there is benefit with hormone therapy (HT). Now results from the first large population study conducted to assess the association show that older age at natural menopause and the use of oral HT are each associated with a higher risk of hearing loss.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2r1otrB

Tuesday, May 9, 2017

Kicking the salt shaker habit may not be enough

Restaurant foods and commercially processed foods sold in stores accounted for about 70 percent of dietary sodium intake in a study in three US regions. Salt added at home during food preparation or at the table accounted for a small fraction of dietary sodium. These findings confirm earlier recommendations from the Institute of Medicine to lower dietary sodium by decreasing the amount in commercially processed foods.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pwxmIy

Genetic Edge Compounds Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of GEC Laxoplex Dietary Supplement Capsules Due to Presence of Anabolic Steroids

Genetic Edge Compounds voluntarily recalls all lot codes distributed between February 2, 2015-May 2, 2017 of GEC Laxoplex dietary supplement capsules.



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Alzheimer's disease likely not caused by low body mass index

A new large-scale genetic study found that low body mass index (BMI) is likely not a causal risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, as earlier research had suggested.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2qnR1yb

Discover women’s rugby!

Feature May 9, 2017

Love watching rugby but nervous to give it a go? England Rugby’s new women’s camps are the perfect introduction



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Monday, May 8, 2017

NCCIH Reissues Funding Initiatives for Phased Awards of Mechanistic Studies To Optimize Mind and Body Interventions

NCCIH is pleased to announce the reissue of two Program Announcements (PARs) that direct research attention toward investigating the mechanisms by which mind and body interventions might work, as well as strategies to optimize these interventions:



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Giving Medication to Children

The director of FDA's Office of Pediatric Therapeutics discusses what parents should know about medication. use in children.

from Nutrition.gov News Feeds http://ift.tt/2pYHBGC

Sunday, May 7, 2017

Prolonged military-style training causes changes to intestinal bacteria, increases inflammation

A new study finds that long periods of physiological stress can change the composition of microorganisms residing in the intestines (intestinal microbiota), which could increase health risks in endurance athletes and military personnel.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pnJgo1

Harms from disruptions in children's medicaid coverage

New research suggest that when children lose state Medicaid coverage even for a short time, they are likely to go without needed health care, or to receive care in resource-intensive setting such as emergency departments rather than less expensive primary care offices.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pnRdcx

Teens and adolescents who consume too much salt show unhealthy changes to blood vessels

Findings of a new study suggest adolescents who consume too much salt have measurable changes in their blood vessels associated with early signs of cardiovascular disease in adults.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pTxHrK

Saturday, May 6, 2017

Cinnamon may lessen damage of high-fat diet in rats

Cinnamon may lessen the risk of cardiovascular damage of a high-fat diet by activating the body's antioxidant and anti-inflammatory systems and slowing the fat-storing process, according to a preliminary animal study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2p7ob54

'Small for gestational age' studied across European countries

A new study questions the use of common references for assessing 'small for gestational age' (SGA) in very preterm infants across Europe. SGA describes a baby who is smaller than the usual amount for the number of weeks of pregnancy.

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Friday, May 5, 2017

6 Deadlift Variations Your Butt Will Thank You For

A classic deadlift is an amazing exercise, but these variations add another extra challenge. Here's how to do a deadlift six different ways.

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Dealing With Opiate Withdrawal (FTC Blog, Scam Alerts)

FTC says not to trust dietary supplements promoted for opiate withdrawal.



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Vitamin A deficiency is detrimental to blood stem cells

Lack of vitamin A in the body has a detrimental effect on the hematopoietic system in the bone marrow. The deficiency causes a loss of important blood stem cells, scientists now report. These findings will open up new prospects in cancer therapy.

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13 Cute Gift Ideas For Fit Moms Who Love Fashion

If your mom loves fitness, athleisure, and fashion, she's sure to love these Mother's Day gift ideas.

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Thursday, May 4, 2017

Improving control of age-related obesity

The function and distribution of adipose tissue in the body change during the course of life. Beige fat cells, a special type of adipocytes, have the capability to use energy reserves – fatty deposits – by generating heat in a process known as thermogenesis. With increasing age, beige adipocytes take on the morphology of white adipocytes. Thermogenic activity ceases and with it the cells' ability to burn fat. As a result, the risk of obesity increases. A team has now proven that the epigenetic enzyme lysine specific demethylase 1 (Lsd1) plays a key role in this transformation.

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Finding Funding for the Building Blocks of Natural Product Clinical Trials

Find out more about a new series of funding opportunity announcements for investigator-initiated clinical trials, and register for this May 9 webinar: New NCCIH Funding Opportunities for Natural Products Clinical Trials.



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Your muscles can 'taste' sugar

It's obvious that the taste buds on the tongue can detect sugar. And after a meal, beta cells in the pancreas sense rising blood glucose and release the hormone insulin—which helps the sugar enter cells, where it can be used by the body for energy. Now researchers have uncovered an unexpected mechanism of glucose sensing in skeletal muscles that contributes to the body's overall regulation of blood sugar levels.

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Extending weight loss program helps people who are overweight keep more weight off, and is cost-effective

Extending NHS weight loss programs from one session per week for 12-weeks to one session per week for a year helped people who are overweight to lose more weight and keep it off for longer, according to a new study.

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Parkinson: Weight gain after deep brain stimulation

It was already known that people affected by Parkinson's disease, when subjected to deep brain stimulation, gained weight, but it was less clear why that was so. New research has now shown that the weight gain after implant has a multifactorial origin. The study monitored for the first time a group of patients before and after the intervention, assessing cognitive, psychological and behavioral aspects, providing important elements for preventative purposes.

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Circadian clock changes can alter body's response to diet

Changing the circadian clock in mouse liver can alter how the body responds to diet and also change the microbes living in the digestive track.

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Wednesday, May 3, 2017

12 High-Waisted Leggings You’ll Want to Work Out and Live In

The high-waist legging trend is my absolute favorite, and will probably be yours, too. Here are some of my favorites to try.

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Recognizing food brands puts preschoolers at risk for obesity

Young children who recognize food name brands, such as Lucky Charms, M&M's and Cheetos, often eat unhealthy items that lead to their high body mass index.

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Cardiorespiratory fitness can reduce risk of fatty liver

Cardiorespiratory fitness is inversely related to risk of fatty liver, according to a new study. The research shows that, despite the person's weight, achieving moderate cardiorespiratory fitness can protect from fatty liver.

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Discovery in mice could lead to new class of medications to fight mid-life obesity

A team of scientists has identified an enzyme that could help in the continuous battle against mid-life obesity and fitness loss. The discovery in mice could upend current notions about why people gain weight as they age, and could one day lead to more effective weight-loss medications.

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To Get Strong, These Are the Only 8 Exercises You Need

Get strong as hell with these 8 foundational exercises from fitness experts: squats, rows, pull-ups, shoulder presses, bench presses, step-ups, and bridges.

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New anti-rejection drug reduces weight gain, enhances outcomes for liver transplant recipients

Researchers have discovered that a new anti-rejection drug that is gentler on the kidneys after liver transplant also reduces weight gain, which is common after surgery and can lead to serious problems for transplant patients.

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4 Things To Know About Dietary Supplements for Eye Conditions

Four important things to know about dietary supplements and eye diseases.



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One step closer to finding out how wine may protect your neurons

Low to moderate intake of red wine can delay the onset of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Researchers have now found out how wine compounds are protective against neuronal death: they should pass through your stomach first.

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Dietary gluten is not linked to heart risk in non-celiacs

A study revealed that while dietary gluten does not increase heart disease risk in people without celiac disease, limiting whole grains may increase their heart risk.

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Tuesday, May 2, 2017

30 Surprisingly Cute Pairs of Socks and Underwear Perfect for Any Workout

It's all in the details. These are our picks for the best athletic socks and sweat-wicking underwear.

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9 Super Easy Ways to Make $10

With SELFstarter, it's easy to earn cash back when you shop.

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'Exercise-in-a-pill' boosts athletic endurance by 70 percent

Sedentary mice given the drug ran longer without training.

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WTF Is Gluteal Amnesia and How to Know If You Have It

Gluteal amnesia, also known as "dead butt syndrome," is more common than you think. But with a few simple exercises, it's easy to reverse.

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