Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Federal agencies partner for military and veteran pain management research

See text below

Joint HHS-DoD-VA initiative will award multiple grants totaling $81 million

U.S. agencies partner on research that focuses on nondrug approaches for pain management in military personnel and veterans; NCCIH is the lead for this multi-agency initiative.



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Monday, September 18, 2017

Taking a break from dieting may improve weight loss

Avoiding continuous dieting may be the key to losing weight and keeping the kilos off, the latest research shows. Researchers showed in a randomized controlled trial, that taking a two-week break during dieting may improve weight loss.

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New oral diabetes drug shows promise in phase 3 trial for patients with type 1 diabetes

Sotagliflozin helps control glucose and reduces the need for insulin in patients with type 1 diabetes, research indicates. Sotagliflozin has shown promise in improving glucose control without any increase in severe hypoglycemia or diabetic ketoacidosis compared to insulin alone.

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Man develops cyanide poisoning from apricot kernel extract

A 67-year-old man developed cyanide poisoning from apricot kernel extract, reveal doctors in a new article.

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New research to treat acute malnutrition

Researchers and humanitarian organizations have conducted a large study in Burkina Faso in West Africa treating more than 1,600 children with acute malnutrition. The study showed that corn-soy porridge should be replaced with a lipid-based nutrient supplement, a fortified peanut butter. The results of the study can be used directly both in the treatment and prevention of acute malnutrition.

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A fat-regulating enzyme could hold the key to obesity, diabetes, cancer, other diseases

It had already been known that the enzyme known as phosphatidic acid phosphatase plays a crucial role in regulating the amount of fat in the human body. Controlling it is therefore of interest in the fight against obesity. But scientists have now found that getting rid of the enzyme entirely can increase the risk of cancer, inflammation and other ills.

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Sunday, September 17, 2017

Sodium (salt) intake is associated with a risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Sodium intake may be linked to an increased risk of developing both type 2 diabetes and latent autoimmune diabetes in adults says new research.

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Saturday, September 16, 2017

Immigrant parents report fewer adverse childhood experiences than US-born parents

A new study found immigrants reported fewer potentially health-harming adverse childhood experiences, such as abuse, violence, or divorce, than native-born Americans. The findings suggest immigrants may experience different forms of stress early in life than do those born in the United States.

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Type 2 diabetes is a reversible condition

People with type 2 diabetes can reverse the condition through a low calorie diet.

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Asthma symptoms can be improved by diet and exercise in non-obese patients

Non-obese people with asthma could reduce their symptoms and improve their quality of life through diet and exercise, according to new research.

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Why high-fiber diets do not always lead to weight loss

In the era of personalized nutrition, there might be value in getting your stool tested and your gut bacteria counted before starting on a new diet. The results can be used to predict whether a particular diet will work for you. This follows a study which shows that the increasingly popular fiber-rich 'New Nordic Diet' might not work for everyone.

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Obese inducing brain mechanism

Medical researchers have demonstrated that the protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type J (PTPRJ) inhibits leptin signaling and that induction of PTPRJ in the hypothalamus is a cause of leptin resistance.

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Decreased glucose metabolism in medial prefrontal areas is associated with nutritional status in patients with prodromal and early Alzheimer's disease

A new study shows that hypometabolism in the medial prefrontal areas is specifically associated with Alzheimer's disease-related nutritional problems, and decrease in fat mass may have a key role.

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Friday, September 15, 2017

The body's own fat-metabolism protects against the harmful effects of sugar

Researchers have discovered that the fat-metabolism in the cells takes place simultaneously with a detoxification of the harmful substances from the blood sugar, which can avert the damage that can in turn lead to age-related diseases such as diabetes, Alzheimer's and cancer. This indicates that we have a detoxification system which we were not previously aware of.

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Skin patch dissolves 'love handles' in mice

Researchers have developed a medicated skin patch that can turn energy-storing white fat into energy-burning brown fat locally while raising the body's metabolism. The patch could be used to burn off pockets of unwanted fat and treat metabolic disorders like obesity and diabetes.

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Body clock, gut microbiota work together to pack on the pounds, study shows

New clues have been uncovered about how gut bacteria and the body's circadian clock work together to promote body fat accumulation.

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Thursday, September 14, 2017

Biomarkers in the blood prove strong role of food for type 2 diabetes

A pioneering method has demonstrated its potential in a large study, showing that metabolic fingerprints from blood samples could render important new knowledge on the connection between food and health. The study finds that diet is one of the strongest predictors of type 2 diabetes risk in older women.

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Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Traumatic Brain Injury: FDA Research and Actions

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can happen to anyone. And these types of injuries, which include concussions, contribute to a substantial number of emergency room visits (and even deaths) each year. Learn more about TBI, and the FDA's related research and regulatory activities.

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Tuesday, September 12, 2017

Cold comfort: Fat-rich diets and adaptation among indigenous Siberian populations

Recently, scientists have been exploring the genetic signatures of adaptation in several indigenous cold-adapted human populations. Now, a new study has identified new signals of adaptation across multiple genes and exploring a rich demographic history. By performing extensive analyses on DNA sequencing data for two North-Central Siberian populations, the Nganasan (nomadic hunters) and Yakut (herders), they have been able to infer the most comprehensive demographic and adaptive history.

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Health benefits of olives and olive oil

A research team discovered that the olive-derived compound oleuropein helps prevent type 2 diabetes.

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In mice, calorie restriction reduces fat but increases fur

Calorie restriction may help mice stay slim and live longer, but it also means less fat to keep their bodies warm. Researchers in Brazil have found that mouse skin responds to caloric restriction by stimulating fur growth, increasing blood flow, and altering cell metabolism to increase energy efficiency. The study reveals that animals may use this as an evolutionary adaptation to stay warm -- and alive -- in limited food conditions.

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Your stools reveal whether you can lose weight

Something as simple as a feces sample reveals whether you can lose weight by following dietary recommendations characterized by a high content of fruit, vegetables, fibers and whole grains, report scientists.

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Abdominal fat a key cancer driver for postmenopausal women

Body fat distribution in the trunk is more important than body weight when it comes to cancer risk in postmenopausal women, according to a new study.

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Monday, September 11, 2017

Whole grains decrease colorectal cancer risk, processed meats increase the risk

Major new report finds strong evidence of links between lifestyle and colorectal cancer risk. Physical activity and whole grains lowers risk of this cancer; too much alcohol and red meat, processed meats and obesity increase the risk. An estimated 47 percent of US colorectal cancers could be prevented each year with lifestyle changes.

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Genetic effects are influenced by lifestyle

The risk for developing obesity is influenced by our lifestyle as well as our genes. Researchers now show that our genetic risk for obesity is not static, but is influenced by our lifestyle.

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Later circadian timing of food intake is associated with increased body mass index

Investigators examine the relationships between body fat and body mass index, and the timing of food consumption, to time of day and to the body's circadian or body clock.

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Hurricane Season: Be Prepared

It's important to safeguard your food, water, and medicine before, during and after any severe weather event.

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Make Your Mornings Better (With Help From Us)

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Seven steps to keep your brain healthy from childhood to old age

A set of simple steps that promote heart health, called Life's Simple 7, can also foster ideal brain health, an expert panel says. Improving your health status with Life's Simple 7 may reduce the risk of dementia caused by strokes, vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

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Friday, September 8, 2017

Children exposed to chemicals in 9/11 'dust' show early signs of risk of heart disease

Sixteen years after the collapse of the World Trade Center towers sent a 'cloud' of toxic debris across Lower Manhattan, children living nearby who likely breathed in the ash and fumes are showing early signs of risk for future heart disease.

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Mediterranean-style diet may eliminate need for reflux medications

A plant-based, Mediterranean-style diet has been shown to provide the same medical benefits for treating laryngopharyngeal reflux as popular reflux medications, according to new research.

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Health of more than half of US adults affected by obesity

Considering weight across the life course, the prevalence of obesity among adults in the US rises considerably, suggesting that the effects on population health may be even more pervasive than previously understood, according to a new study.

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Thursday, September 7, 2017

SNAP benefits aren't enough to afford a healthy diet

A new study finds that the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as Food Stamps, only covers 43-60 percent of what it costs to consume a diet consistent with federal dietary guidelines for what constitutes a healthy diet. The study highlights the challenges lower-income households face in trying to eat a healthy diet.

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Eat fat, live longer?

As more people live into their 80s and 90s, researchers have delved into the issues of health and quality of life during aging. A recent mouse study sheds light on those questions by demonstrating that a high fat, or ketogenic, diet not only increases longevity, but improves physical strength.

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Physical activity can lead to difference in diet preferences between males, females

Approximately 90 percent of adult Americans fail to reach the US Department of Health guidelines for physical activity, which could be contributing to surging obesity rates. Now, new research suggests that physical activity can change diet preferences in males, but not in females -- an area that researchers say has not been thoroughly studied.

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Wednesday, September 6, 2017

Synthetic version of popular anticoagulant poised for clinical trials

A synthetic version of low molecular weight heparin is poised for clinical trials and development as a drug for patients with clotting disorders, and those undergoing procedures such as kidney dialysis, heart bypass surgery, stent implantation, and knee and hip replacement.

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Tuesday, September 5, 2017

Eating meat linked to higher risk of diabetes

Higher intake of red meat and poultry is associated with significantly increased risk of developing diabetes, which is partially attributed to their higher content of heme iron in these meats, new research shows.

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Boosting a lipid fuel makes mice less sensitive to the cold

Humans, like other animals, become more sensitive to cold with age. Now, scientists report that delivering a single dose of a nutritional supplement called L-carnitine to older mice restores a youthful ability to adapt to the cold. After treatment, they tolerate chilly conditions that would ordinarily trigger hypothermia. The supplement works by boosting levels of a newly discovered fuel source for brown fat, or “good fat”.

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Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, Tests, and Treatment

Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths among American men. Learn more.

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Exercising during pregnancy is good for mother, baby, research confirms

Researchers have clarified doubts over the physical activity recommended during pregnancy. Their work highlights how exercise should be taken not only by healthy, previously active women, but that it is also a good time to adopt a healthy lifestyle. There are clear advantages for both the mother and baby.

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Monday, September 4, 2017

Mysterious protein-folding molecule could trigger metabolic disorders

A molecule with few known functions can trigger the cell's response to unfolded proteins and perpetuate metabolic disease, report researchers.

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Adipose tissue may affect cancer development in multiple ways

Adipose tissue, or fat, may influence the development of cancer in diverse ways, depending on the type of fat and the location in the body.

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Friday, September 1, 2017

Eating protein three times a day could make our seniors stronger

Loss of muscle is an inevitable consequence of aging that can lead to frailty, falls or mobility problems. Eating enough protein is one way to remedy it, but it would seem that spreading protein equally among the three daily meals could be linked to greater mass and muscle strength in the elderly.

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Lifestyle factors may affect how long individuals live free of disability

New research indicates that a healthy lifestyle may help reduce the duration of an individual's disabled period near the end of life.

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Discovery may be key to obesity, Diabetes Rx

Research has demonstrated the potential of a protein to treat or prevent metabolic diseases including obesity and diabetes.

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Revisiting dietary fat guidelines?

Researchers are calling for a reconsideration of global dietary guidelines in light of new data on fat intake and cardiovascular risk and early mortality.

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Wednesday, August 30, 2017

Millennials prefer healthy habits, less likely to choose opioids to manage pain

Often spending their days hunched over phones, tablets or computers and their free time at spin class or playing sports, millennials are the next generation poised to experience chronic pain. Even at their young age, millennials say acute and chronic pain are already interfering with their quality of life.

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How dietary fats' impact healthy or obese adults

Metabolically healthy obese adults consuming a diet high in unsaturated fat and low in saturated fat may be able to decrease their total cholesterol by 10 points, a new study suggests. However, there was little research evidence to support current dietary recommendations that replacing saturated fat with unsaturated fat aids in weight loss, the researchers also reported.

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Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Obese people lack cells with satiety hormones

Individuals with severe overweight have an inhibited sense of satiation -- they release fewer satiety hormones than people of normal weight. The reason: the responsible cells in the gastrointestinal tract of obese people are severely reduced. Surgical weight-loss procedures can repair this disorder.

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Obesity prevention guidelines are not followed for preschool children

In a study of nearly 400 preschool children, only one child adhered to obesity prevention guidelines over the course of a single day at child care and at home.

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Extreme exposure

Researchers have unraveled the negative effects of pesticide exposure on birth outcomes, such as weight, gestation and abnormalities.

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Moderate consumption of fats, carbohydrates best for health, international study shows

A diet that includes a moderate intake of fat and fruits and vegetables, and avoidance of high carbohydrates, is associated with lower risk of death, research with more than 135,000 people across five continents has shown.

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Strategies to optimize statin treatment for muscle symptoms

10 to 20 percent of patients taking statins report muscle-related symptoms including aches, pains and cramps that prevent the use of recommended doses. Patients who have difficulty taking statins have a high risk of cardiovascular events, resulting in higher health care costs. To address these concerns, researchers are providing approaches to optimize cardiovascular risk reduction for these patients.

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Monday, August 28, 2017

Shedding consistent pounds each week linked to long-term weight loss

Those whose weights fluctuated the most during the first few weeks of a weight loss program had poorer weight loss outcomes one and two years later, compared to the men and women who lost a consistent number of pounds each week.

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Compounded Curcumin Emulsion Product for Injection by ImprimisRx: FDA Investigation - Serious Adverse Events Associated with Use



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Anti-inflammatory drugs can inhibit muscle growth

The long-term use of over-the-counter (OTC) anti-inflammatory drugs can inhibit muscle growth in young, healthy individuals engaging in weight training, according to a new study.

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Early weight gain in pregnancy correlates with childhood obesity, first study of its size shows

Weight gain in early pregnancy has the greatest impact on infant size at birth, according to a new study. The study is the largest ever analysis of the effect that weight gain in early pregnancy has on infant size.

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Compounds in cocoa may help delay onset of type 2 diabetes

What if eating chocolate helped prevent and treat diabetes? It's crazy enough to laugh off. But here's the thing: Researchers have discovered certain compounds found in cocoa can actually help your body release more insulin and respond to increased blood glucose better. Insulin is the hormone that manages glucose, the blood sugar that reaches unhealthy levels in diabetes.

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Sunday, August 27, 2017

Higher coffee consumption associated with lower risk of early death

Higher coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of early death, according to new research. The observational study in nearly 20 000 participants suggests that coffee can be part of a healthy diet in healthy people.

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Gene therapy using ‘junk DNA’ could lower risk for heart disease

Researchers successfully used a gene that suppresses cholesterol levels as part of a treatment to reduce plaque in mice with a disorder called familial hypercholesterolemia. In a preclinical study, researchers found that the gene, LeXis, lowered cholesterol and blockages in the arteries, and the treatment appeared to reduce the build-up of fat in liver cells.

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Friday, August 25, 2017

Microbes compete for nutrients, affect metabolism, development in mice

If our microbiome overindulges, we might not have access to the nutrients we need. That's the suggestion from new research that shows mice that harbor high levels of microbes that eat choline are deprived of this essential nutrient.

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This is how belly fat could increase your cancer risk

A new study now offers new details showing that a certain protein released from fat in the body can cause a non-cancerous cell to turn into a cancerous one. The research also found that a lower layer of abdominal fat, when compared to fat just under the skin, is the more likely culprit, releasing even more of this protein and encouraging tumor growth.

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Heart hormones protect against obesity and insulin resistance

By fleshing out how one signaling receptor contributes to causing obesity through its activity in fatty tissue but not in muscle cells, scientists have zeroed in on an important new avenue of exploration for combating metabolic disease. More than one-third of American adults are considered to be obese, which dramatically increases their risk for developing type 2 diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, high blood pressure, and multiple inflammatory conditions.

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Win the chance to join Team Triaction 2

Article Aug 25, 2017

We've got the scoop on Triumph's newest Triaction styles - plus your chance to inspire others as the face of Team Triaction 2.



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Thursday, August 24, 2017

Hunter-gatherers' seasonal gut-microbe diversity loss echoes our permanent one

Scientists have examined the seasonal variations in the gut-microbial composition, or microbiota, of the Hadza, one of the world's few remaining traditional hunter-gatherer populations. The findings confirm that the Hadza microbiota is more diverse than, and substantially different from, that of industrialized countries' urban-dwelling denizens.

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Enzyme produced in the liver promotes obesity, fatty liver disease and insulin resistance

In mice that are given a high-fat diet, an increased production of the enzyme DPP4 by the liver promotes an increase in body fat, the development of fatty liver disease and insulin resistance.

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Gene therapy with BMP4 protects against weight gain and insulin resistance in mice

There was no weight gain, despite a higher energy intake, and insulin sensitivity was increased. These are the results from experiments on mice that had elevated levels of the protein BMP4 following gene therapy.

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Ticks and Lyme Disease: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Lyme disease is on the rise. How can you prevent it? What are the symptoms, and what should you do if you think you or your pet have it?

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Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Comparing food allergies: Animals and humans may have more in common than you think

Not only people, but mammals like cats, dogs and horses suffer from symptoms and problems of food intolerance and allergies. Scientists have now condensed the knowledge about human and animal food allergies and intolerance into a new European position paper. It highlights the strong similarities in symptoms and triggers of adverse food reactions and stresses the need for more comparative studies on mechanisms and diagnosis of food intolerance.

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New guidelines point way toward more effectively addressing hypertension in kids, teens

The first new national guidelines since 2004 on identifying and treating high blood pressure in children and adolescents (aged 3-18 years old) have now been published. The report offers a series of evidence-based recommendations for pediatricians derived from a comprehensive review of nearly 15,000 medical studies published since 2004.

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Psychotic disorders and obesity: New report shows big waistlines are to blame

A number of factors, including obesity, shorten the lifespan for those with schizophrenia by 20 years and by 10 years for those with bipolar disorder compared to the general population. In the first study to compare long-term weight gain across psychotic disorders, researchers show that expanding waistlines and the way body fat is distributed are largely to blame.

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Liquid nutrition may benefit children with Crohn's disease

An analysis of published studies indicates that exclusive enteral nutrition -- when individuals receive only liquid nutrition -- may be an effective treatment for children with Crohn's disease.

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Canadian children's nutrition suffers during school hours

Canadian children don't eat enough vegetables, fruit and dairy products during school hours, causing them to fall short of several daily dietary recommendations on school days, a new study has found.

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Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Vitamin C regulates stem cell function, curbs leukemia development, scientists discover

Not much is known about stem cell metabolism, but a new study from the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern has found that stem cells take up unusually high levels of vitamin C, which then regulates their function and suppresses the development of leukemia.

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Getting fat to 'talk' again could lower blood glucose and weight

Researchers are exploring a novel approach to treating diabetes: implanting a polymer sponge into fat tissue. Their study has shown that in obese mice with symptoms resembling Type 2 diabetes, the implant reduced weight gain and blood-sugar levels -- by getting the fat to 'talk' again.

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Brain's self-regulation in teens at risk for obesity

In a small study that scanned the brains of teenagers while exposing them to tempting 'food cues,' researchers report that reduced activity in the brain's 'self-regulation' system may be an important early predictor of adult obesity.

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Is childhood obesity a psychological disorder?

A team of researchers used fMRI to investigate neural responses to food cues in overweight compared with lean adolescents.

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Saturday, August 19, 2017

Federal snack program does not yield expected impacts

A research team examined the US Department of Agriculture's Smart Snacks in School regulation. The federal mandate was intended to replace unhealthy school snacks and beverages with more wholesome options, including fruits, vegetables, and packaged treats low in fat, sugar, and sodium.

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Friday, August 18, 2017

Population health impact of infants born small for gestational age in low- and middle-income countries

Researchers have used the first international, multi-ethnic birth weight standard, known as the INTERGROWTH-21st, to describe the global burden of suboptimal fetal growth.

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College freshmen who weighed themselves daily lost body fat

A new study found that female college-aged students who reported at least one period of daily self-weighing over a two-year study saw a drop in their body mass index.

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Cholesterol crystals are sure sign a heart attack may loom

A new study on 240 emergency room patients shows just how much of a role a person's cholesterol plays, when in a crystallized state, during a heart attack.

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Thursday, August 17, 2017

In a nutshell: Walnuts activate brain region involved in appetite control

Double-blind test bolsters observational data that walnuts promote feelings of fullness. Results provide a quantitative measure for testing other compounds' ability to control appetite, including potential medications for the treatment of obesity.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2wTVets

Energy dense foods may increase cancer risk regardless of obesity status

While there is a proven link between obesity and certain types of cancer, less is known about how the ratio of energy to food weight, otherwise known as dietary energy density (DED), contributes to cancer risk. To find out, researchers looked at DED in the diets of post-menopausal women and discovered that consuming high DED foods was tied to a 10 percent increase in obesity-related cancer among normal weight women.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2x7VNPX

Healthy Breakfasts for Kids: It's All About Balance

Healthy breakfasts are a must for kids and help keep them going strong all day. This article and short video provide tips on making it happen.

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Brain chemical NPGL controls appetite and body fat composition: Beneficial for our ancestors; potential cause of obesity pandemic

NPGL, a recently discovered protein involved in brain signalling, has been found to increase fat storage by the body – even when on a low-calorie diet.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2uTA6lR

Estrogen-mediated brain protection directly linked to intake of fatty acids found in oils

Scientists are increasingly appreciating estrogen's role in brain health. The latest research connecting DHA synthesis to estrogen production, and consequentially brain health, backs up further the old adage that a daily intake of fish oil is good for you.

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Wednesday, August 16, 2017

NIH study uncovers specialized mouse neurons that play a unique role in pain: ​​​​Previously unknown category of neuron responds to pulling of a single hair  

Hair follicle

NCCIH scientists identify sensory neurons that may offer insights into new approaches to pain therapy.



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NCCIH Researchers Describe Specialized Neurons That Play a Unique Role in Mechanical Pain

Illustration showing a class of sensory neurons in a human body being activated by pulling of a single hair

A new study in mice, conducted at the National Institutes of Health, has identified nerve cells that may play a role in pain and touch.



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Weight-gain receptor linked to antipsychotic drugs, report researchers

Many schizophrenic and depressed patients experience weight gain and type 2 diabetes in their quests for the life-changing benefits of a major class of antipsychotic drugs. Now researchers may know why.

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Tuesday, August 15, 2017

'Fat but fit' are at increased risk of heart disease

Carrying extra weight could raise your risk of heart attack by more than a quarter, even if you are otherwise healthy.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2vYMUeC

Monday, August 14, 2017

Link between biological clock and aging revealed

Scientists studying how aging affects the biological clock’s control of metabolism have discovered that a low-calorie diet helps keep these energy-regulating processes humming and the body younger.

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High sugar consumption gives rise to dental treatment costs in the billions

Worldwide, people are eating far too much sugar. This has negative consequences for their teeth and for their purses: seen at the global level, the costs of dental treatment are currently running at around $172 billion (€128 billion).

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2w6Jciu

Saturday, August 12, 2017

Almonds may help boost cholesterol clean-up crew

Eating almonds on a regular basis may help boost levels of HDL cholesterol while simultaneously improving the way it removes cholesterol from the body, according to researchers.

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New strategies to optimize and slow cardiovascular aging

Heart disease remains the leading cause of death in the U.S. and growing older is the greatest—and most inevitable—risk factor for it. So what, if anything, can we do to keep our hearts and arteries as healthy as possible for as long as possible?

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A personalized approach to Alzheimer's disease prevention

Medical researchers have examined potential Alzheimer's disease prevention strategies.

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Friday, August 11, 2017

May 23 Webinar on Hearing Aids: The Basic Information You Need to Know

In this webinar, FDA audiologist Sue-Chen Peng, Ph.D., offers consumers basic information on hearing loss and hearing aids.

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Thursday, August 10, 2017

A metabolic pathway that feeds liver cancer

A little-studied gene may explain how some liver cancer cells obtain the nutrition they need to proliferate, according to new research.

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Aging is exacerbated by alterations of stem cell circadian rhythm

Two new studies refute the scientific dogma associating aging with the loss of stem cell circadian rhythm. The studies show that during aging, stem cells continue to show rhythmic activity but reprogram their circadian functions. The team also demonstrate that a low-calorie diet delays alterations in the rhythmic functions of stem cells and slows down ageing.

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Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Increased endometrial cancer rates found in women with high levels of cadmium

Through a five-year observational study, researchers found that women with increased levels of cadmium -- a metal commonly found in foods such as kidneys, liver and shellfish as well as tobacco -- also had an increased risk of endometrial cancer. It's an observation the researchers hope could lead to new treatments or interventions to prevent the fourth most common cancer in women.

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Weight loss surgery's effects on bone marrow fat and bone mass

Bone marrow fat is thought to regulate bone metabolism, and high levels of marrow fat are seen in states of low bone mass, severe underweight, and diabetes.

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Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Shown To Be Cost Effective for Chronic Low-Back Pain

Woman in mediation pose

Results of a new NCCIH-supported study suggest group sessions of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) are cost-effective for chronic low-back pain.



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Study links unhealthy segregated neighborhoods to childhood asthma

Researchers have had trouble explaining why black children are much more likely than other children to suffer from asthma. A new study strongly suggests that much of the answer lies in persistent residential segregation, which traps minority children in unhealthy, polluted neighborhoods.

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Monday, August 7, 2017

Limiting access to fast-food restaurants unlikely to reduce obesity

Living near fast-food restaurants and supermarkets has little impact on an individual's body mass index, according to new research. The researchers used results from the largest national study ever conducted of the connection between residential environments and BMI.

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Media portrayals of pregnant women, new moms unrealistic

Media portrayals of pregnant, postpartum women unrealistic, women said in a new study. Exposure to unrealistic images and messages fostered a host of negative emotions, such as self-consciousness about their bodies and feelings of depression, frustration and hopelessness when they were unable to lose weight as rapidly after childbirth as celebrities purportedly do.

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Friday, August 4, 2017

On the early human's menu: Mammoth and plenty of raw vegetables

Scientists have studied the diet of anatomically modern humans, and are able to refute the theory that the diet of early representatives of Homo sapiens was more flexible than that of Neanderthals. Just like the Neanderthals, our ancestors had mainly mammoth and plants on their plates. The researchers were unable to document fish as part of their diet. Therefore, the international team assumes that the displacement of the Neanderthals was the result of direct competition.

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Thursday, August 3, 2017

Protein-rich diet may help soothe inflamed gut

The combination of a bacterium that normally lives in the gut and a protein-rich diet promotes a more tolerant, less inflammatory gut immune system, according to new research. The findings, in mice, suggest a way to tilt the gut immune system away from inflammation, potentially spelling relief for people living with inflammatory bowel disease.

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Of mice and cheeseburgers: Experimental drug reverses obesity-related liver disease

An experimental drug protected mice from one of the many ills of our cheeseburger and milkshake-laden Western diet -- non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The drug reversed liver inflammation, injury and scarring in animals fed a high fat, sugar and cholesterol diet. The diet was designed to replicate the Western fast food diet and recreate the features of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease found in people. The research team plans further testing to move it into human trials.

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The AMPT Life, LLC Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of AMPT Coffee due to the Presence of Undeclared Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients and Undeclared Milk

AMPT Life, LLC voluntarily recalls all lots of AMPT Coffee to the consumer level due to presence of erectile-dysfunction-treating drugs, as well as milk.



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Gene therapy via skin could treat many diseases, even obesity

Scientist have now overcome challenges that have limited the use of gene therapy. They demonstrate how their novel approach with skin transplantation could enable a wide range of gene-based therapies to treat human diseases. The researchers provide 'proof-of-concept,' treating mice with two common related human ailments: type-2 diabetes and obesity.

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Should You Put Sunscreen on Infants? Not Usually

For infants under age 6 months, it's best to cover them up and keep them well shaded. An FDA pediatrician tells how to protect babies from dangerous ultraviolet rays.

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Fat shaming in the doctor's office can be mentally and physically harmful

Medical discrimination based on people's size and negative stereotypes of overweight people can take a toll on people's physical health and well-being, according to a recent review.

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Wednesday, August 2, 2017

NIH Funding for Research on Suicide Predictors and Prevention

In this blog post, Dr. Eve Reider discusses an NIH FOA that focuses on linking data from health care system records to mortality data to obtain a more accurate understanding of risk factors related to suicide.



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It's not just what you eat, it's what's eating you

Restricting how much you eat without starving has been shown to robustly extend lifespan in more than 20 species of animals including primates. How this works is still unclear. A new study shows that it's not just what or how much you eat that matters. Smelling food in addition to consuming calories could influence the aging process. And, what's 'eating' you or more specifically your cells may provide clues to healthy aging.

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Millions may face protein deficiency as a result of human-caused carbon dioxide emissions

If CO2 levels keep rising as projected, the populations of 47 countries may lose more than 5 percent of their dietary protein by 2050 due to a decline in the nutritional value of rice, wheat, and other staple crops, according to Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health researchers. They estimate an additional 250 million people may be at risk of protein deficiency because of elevated CO2 levels. This is the first study to quantify this risk.

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Obesity linked to better outcomes following heart procedures: Confirmed

Research has confirmed a link between elevated body mass index (BMI) and patients having better survival outcomes following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI).

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2hmUQjr

Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Brain 'switch' tells body to burn fat after a meal

Scientists have found a mechanism by which the brain coordinates feeding with energy expenditure, solving a puzzle that has previously eluded researchers and offering a potential novel target for the treatment of obesity.

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Characteristics of metabolically unhealthy lean people

Compared to people who are of normal weight and metabolically healthy, subjects who are of normal weight but metabolically unhealthy have a three-fold higher risk of mortality and/or cardiovascular events. Scientists have now addressed characteristics determining metabolic health in lean, overweight and obese people, showed that a reduced accumulation of fat in the lower body puts lean people at risk and highlighted implications of their findings for personalized prevention and treatment of cardiometabolic diseases.

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Health benefits of the Mediterranean diet are confirmed, but just for the upper class

The Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease but only if you are rich or highly educated. This is the surprising finding by researchers who performed a study on over 18,000 subjects.

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Babies of overweight, obese, or diabetic mothers have an increased risk of lung problems

Babies born to women who are overweight, obese or have diabetes during their pregnancy have less mature lungs than babies of normal weight pregnancies.

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Good Dog, Bad Food: Foods for People That Are Bad for Your Dog

Some foods that are meant for people can be dangerous, and even deadly, to your dog.

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Monday, July 31, 2017

Insufficient sleep may be adding to your waistline

Adults in the UK who have poor sleep patterns are more likely to be overweight and obese and have poorer metabolic health, according to a new study.

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Heavier Asian Americans seen as 'more American,' study says

A new study has found that for Asian Americans, those who appear heavier not only are perceived to be more 'American,' but also may be subject to less prejudice directed at foreigners than Asian Americans who are thin.

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New tactic to curb obesity: Address physician bias

An educational initiative is reducing medical students' negative attitudes toward people with obesity, a finding researchers hope will translate into better outcomes for patients struggling with weight, according to new research.

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Exposure to violence and obesity linked in teens

Teens consumed more unhealthy foods and beverages on days they were exposed to violence, and suffered from fatigue due to poor sleep the following day, according to a new study. Those behaviors, especially increased soda consumption, are important predictors of weight gain.

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Exercise in early life has long-lasting benefits

The researchers found that bone retains a "memory" of exercise's effects long after the exercise is ceased, and this bone memory continues to change the way the body metabolizes a high-fat diet.

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Saturday, July 29, 2017

Dulled taste may prompt more calories on path to obesity

Food scientists have found that people with a diminished ability to taste food choose sweeter -- and likely higher-calorie -- fare. This could put people on the path to gaining weight.

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Opting for weight-loss surgery at lower BMIs may be best for patients' health

The struggle to escape obesity is pointing more Americans toward bariatric surgery. But a new study shows that only one in three patients who have an operation succeed in getting their body-mass index below 30, the cutoff for obesity, in the first year. The odds were better for those who had surgery while they were still below a 'morbid obesity' BMI of 40.

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Lutein, found in leafy greens, may counter cognitive aging

Spinach and kale are favorites of those looking to stay physically fit, but they also could keep consumers cognitively fit, according to a new study. The study, which included 60 adults aged 25 to 45, found that middle-aged participants with higher levels of lutein -- a nutrient found in green leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale, as well as avocados and eggs -- had neural responses that were more on par with younger individuals than with their peers.

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Friday, July 28, 2017

Hunger-controlling brain cells may offer path for new obesity drugs

Scientists identified two new populations of cells in the brain that potently regulate appetite. The two types of cells, located in a part of the brainstem called the dorsal raphe nucleus, are potential targets for new drugs to treat obesity by controlling the hunger signals that drive the search for and consumption of food.

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Walnuts may promote health by changing gut bacteria

A new study has found that walnuts in the diet change the makeup of bacteria in the gut, which suggests a new way walnuts may contribute to better health.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2eU4Yzt

Green tea ingredient may ameliorate memory impairment, brain insulin resistance, and obesity

A new study involving mice, suggests that EGCG (epigallocatechin-3-gallate), the most abundant catechin and biologically active component in green tea, could alleviate high-fat and high-fructose (HFFD)-induced insulin resistance and cognitive impairment.

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Negative birth outcomes linked to air pollution exposure early in pregnancy, study finds

Exposure to air pollution during the equivalent of the first or second trimester in humans was linked to more negative birth outcomes than exposure later in pregnancy, a new mice study has found.

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Thursday, July 27, 2017

No significant change seen in hearing loss among US teens

Although there was an increase in the percentage of US youth ages 12 to 19 reporting exposure to loud music through headphones from 1988-2010, researchers did not find significant changes in the prevalence of hearing loss among this group, according to a study.

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Co-infection with two common gut pathogens worsens malnutrition in mice

Two gut pathogens commonly found in malnourished children combine to worsen malnutrition and impair growth in laboratory mice, according to new research.

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AAP counsels pediatricians to focus on clusters of cardiometabolic risk factors to help obese kids

Since frameworks used to identify adults at heightened risk for such complications are a poor fit for kids, the American Academy of Pediatrics now recommends that pediatricians instead focus on clusters of cardiometabolic risk factors that are associated with obesity.

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Very preterm birth not associated with mood, anxiety disorders

Do very-preterm or very-low-weight babies develop anxiety and mood disorders later in life? Researchers have concluded a study to answer this question.

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Wednesday, July 26, 2017

Delaying bariatric surgery until higher weight may result in poorer outcomes

Obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery were more like to achieve a body mass index (BMI) of less than 30 one year after surgery if they had a BMI of less than 40 before surgery, according to a study.

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After bunion surgery, immediate x-rays predict recurrence risk

For patients undergoing surgery to repair a bunion deformity of the foot, non-weight-bearing x rays taken immediately after surgery can provide a good estimate of the risk that the bunion will return over time, reports a study.

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Diet quality matters not just quantity in mid-to-late-adulthood

A new study has investigated the impact of diet quality in mid-to-late-adulthood on visceral and liver fat not solely relying on Body Mass Index (BMI). Four different measures of diet quality were used to evaluate dietary intake of the multiethnic population over a twenty-year span. Maintaining a high quality diet during mid-to-late adulthood may prevent adverse metabolic consequences related to visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL).

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Scientists propose novel therapy to lessen risk of obesity-linked disease

With obesity related illnesses a global pandemic, researchers propose using a blood thinner to target molecular drivers of chronic metabolic inflammation in people eating high-fat diets to limit weight gain and disease.

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Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Mediterranean-style diets linked to better brain function in older adults

Eating foods included in two healthy diets -- the Mediterranean or the MIND diet -- is linked to a lower risk for memory difficulties in older adults, according to a new study.

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Possible treatment for deadly weight loss

Many cancer patients are susceptible to potentially lethal weight loss. Now researchers understand better why this happens, and perhaps how to prevent the condition.

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Monday, July 24, 2017

Weight in adolescence may affect colorectal cancer risk

A new study has uncovered a link between being overweight or obese in adolescence and an increased risk of developing colon cancer in adulthood. Obesity was also associated with an elevated risk of developing rectal cancer.

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Monitoring fluid intake may help improve outcomes for bariatric surgery patients

A well-structured water distribution and documentation process led to increased water intake at one hospital.

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Ultra Shop Supplement Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Super Panther 7K Due to Presence of Undeclared Sildenafil and Tadalafil

Ultra Shop Supplement voluntarily recalls Super Panther 7K capsules, (1 count blister card Lot#: RO846356 and 6 count bottle Lot RO246852 within expiry), due to undeclared sildenafil and tadalafil,



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Study finds 90 percent of American men overfat

Researchers reported earlier this year in the journal Frontiers of Public Health that up to 76 percent of the world's population may be overfat. Now these same researchers have focused their efforts on data from 30 of the top developed countries, with even more alarming findings that up to 90 percent of adult males and 50 percent of children may be overfat.

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Sunday, July 23, 2017

High-fat diet in pregnancy can cause mental health problems in offspring

A high-fat diet during pregnancy alters the development of the brain and endocrine system of offspring, new research in an animal model suggests. The new study links an unhealthy diet during pregnancy to mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression in children.

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Moderate exercise and dieting reduces risk of Cesarean section and diabetes in pregnancy

Pregnant women who have a healthy diet and regular moderate exercise are less likely to have a caesarean section, gain excessive weight, or develop diabetes in pregnancy, according to a new study.

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A day in the life of Alex Scott

Article Jul 19, 2017

The Arsenal Ladies captain and member of the England squad for the UEFA Women’s EURO 2017 championships, 32, talks about life on the pitch



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Saturday, July 22, 2017

Gaining a few pounds may increase long-term heart failure risk

Modest weight gain over time may alter the structure and function of heart muscle, affecting long-term risk of heart failure. Researchers say maintaining weight and avoiding weight gain may be an important strategy to prevent changes in heart muscle that could lead to heart failure.

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Friday, July 21, 2017

Nutrition advice aimed at children also improves parents' diets

Nutrition advice aimed at children also improves parents' diets, according to new research.

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Low birth weights in blacks tied to racial identity, mom's age

A new study examines the role of racial identity and acculturation on the birth weight of black infants.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2uJ7WMY

Why sugary drinks and protein-rich meals don't go well together

Having a sugar-sweetened drink with a high-protein meal may negatively affect energy balance, alter food preferences and cause the body to store more fat.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2tmUgUH

New PET-CT scan improves detection in rare cardiac condition

Using a new imaging technique that can diagnose cardiac sarcoidosis much more accurately than traditional tests, researchers have found that the disease affects other organs in 40 percent of patients with cardiac sarcoidosis.

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Thursday, July 20, 2017

Links between meal frequency and BMI found by research

Timing and frequency of meals play a role in predicting weight loss or gain, suggests new research.

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Healthy heart in 20s=healthy brain in 40s

People who take care of their heart health in young adulthood may have larger brains in middle-age, compared to people who do not take care of their heart health, according to a study.

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Smart walk assist improves rehabilitation

An algorithm that adjusts how a mobile harness, suspended from the ceiling, assists patients suffering from spinal cord injury or stroke has been developed by researchers. In a clinical study with over 30 patients, the scientists showed that the patients wearing the smart walking assist immediately improved their locomotor abilities, enabling them to perform activities of daily living that would not be possible without the support.

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Using a pig model to study chronic diseases may help minimize drug failure rate

Scientists may be able to minimize the failure rate of drugs for diseases linked to high-calorie diets, such as colon cancer and type 2 diabetes, if they test treatments using a pig model, according to an international team of researchers.

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Jodie Taylor's diet diary

Article Jul 20, 2017

The England and Arsenal striker, 30, talks about how she’s fuelling up during this summer’s Euros



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Most primary care physicians can't identify all risk factors for prediabetes

Researchers who distributed a survey at a retreat and medical update for primary care physicians (PCPs) report that the vast majority of the 140 doctors who responded could not identify all 11 risk factors that experts say qualify patients for prediabetes screening. The survey, they say, is believed to be one of the first to formally test PCPs' knowledge of current professional guidelines for such screening.

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Outdoor workouts

Article Jul 20, 2017

Escape the gym this summer and reap the multiple benefits that fresh-air exercise brings



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Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Pre-pregnancy obesity increases risk for neurocognitive problems in premature babies

Children born extremely premature to women who are overweight or obese before the pregnancy are at an increased risk for low scores on tests of intelligence and cognitive processes that influence self-regulation and control, according to researchers.

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Obese patients don't need to lose weight before total joint replacement, study finds

There's good news for overweight people with painfully arthritic hips and knees: A new study finds that obese patients who underwent knee or hip replacement surgery reported virtually the same pain relief and improved function as normal-weight joint replacement patients six months after surgery.

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Tennis tips from the top

Article Jul 19, 2017

Brush up on your tennis skills with these pro pointers from Serena William's coach Patrick Mouratoglou and top player Martina Hingis



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Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Benefits of gastric bypass surgery linked to changes in sweet taste preference

Worldwide, the number of patients struggling with obesity is rapidly increasing in both adults and children. Diet and exercise are the mainstays of treatment for obesity, but have limited effectiveness. While bariatric surgery can produce sustained and significant weight loss for most patients, not all patients experience similar benefits.

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One minute of running per day associated with better bone health in women

A single minute of exercise each day is linked to better bone health in women, new research shows.

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New combination of anti-obesity drugs may have beneficial effects

New research has revealed that a unique combination of hormone-based drugs can produce enhanced weight loss in laboratory tests with obese animals.

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Does exercise facilitate body weight control? The answer may depend on sex

Healthcare practitioners regularly prescribe diet and exercise as a method for patients to lose weight. But exercise might not be equally effective in males and females, according to new research. In a study conducted in rats, researchers fed both male and female rats a high fat diet and then trained half of them to run on a treadmill.

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Estrogen in the brain prevents obesity and glucose intolerance during menopause in lab animal study

Researchers have found that adding estrogen in the brain may improve health in obese females after menopause.

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Young adult obesity: A neglected, yet essential focus to reverse the obesity epidemic

The overall burden of the US obesity epidemic continues to require new thinking, argues an expert in a new report.

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Optimal methods for administering children's medications

New research aims to help solve the problem of dose optimization of children's medicines.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2uEv4gx

Eating at 'wrong time' affects body weight, circadian rhythms

A new high-precision feeding system for lab mice reinforces the idea that the time of day food is eaten is more critical to weight loss than the amount of calories ingested.

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Not all plant-based diets are created equal

Plant-based diets are recommended to reduce the risk of heart disease; however, some plant-based diets are associated with a higher risk of heart disease, according to a new study.

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Grapefruit Juice and Some Drugs Don't Mix

Grapefruit juice can affect how well some medicines work, and it may cause dangerous side effects.

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Monday, July 17, 2017

Artificial sweeteners linked to risk of weight gain, heart disease and other health issues

Artificial sweeteners may be associated with long-term weight gain and increased risk of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease, according to a new study.

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Friday, July 14, 2017

Latest Findings From CREST-E Trial Don’t Support Using the Dietary Supplement Creatine To Treat Huntington’s Disease

illustration of a creatine molecule

Findings from the CREST-E clinical trial show that creatine doesn’t slow the progression of early Huntington’s disease.



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Machine-learning techniques used to unlock hidden benefit of weight loss interventions for overweight patients with type 2 diabetes

Losing weight reduces the risk of long-term cardiovascular illness and mortality for the majority of patients with type 2 diabetes, but for a small subgroup, weight-loss intervention can lead to dramatically worse outcomes.

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How statins could be more effective in treatment of ovarian cancer

Statins may be used as a potentially effective treatment against ovarian cancer, suggests evidence from a new study.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2tb2HGo

Thursday, July 13, 2017

Insufficient levels of Vitamin D in pregnancy detrimental to child development

Vitamin D deficiency in expectant mothers during pregnancy has a negative effect on the social development and motor skills of pre-school age children, a new study reports.

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NIH Repays Your Student Loans! Apply September 1 – November 15, 2017

NIH’s Loan Repayment Programs can help some early-stage researchers repay their student loan debt. This blog post explains how NCCIH participates in the programs.



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Wednesday, July 12, 2017

House dust spurs growth of fat cells in lab tests

Poor diet and a lack of physical activity are major contributors to the world's obesity epidemic, but researchers have also identified common environmental pollutants that could play a role. Now one team reports that small amounts of house dust containing many of these compounds can spur fat cells to accumulate more triglycerides, or fat, in a lab dish.

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Babies born big more likely to become obese as children, study finds

Infants born with a high birthweight are more likely to become obese as children, a new study suggests. By identifying at-risk infants early, doctors could work with parents to prevent weight gain and the health problems obesity brings.

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Chronic liver inflammation linked to Western diet

A new study reports that mice fed a Western diet, which is high in fat and sugar, resulted in hepatic inflammation, especially in males. Moreover, liver inflammation was most pronounced in Western diet-fed male mice that also lacked farnesoid x receptor (FXR), a bile acid receptor.

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Tuesday, July 11, 2017

USPSTF recommendation regarding behavioral counseling for cardiovascular disease prevention

The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that primary care professionals individualize the decision to offer or refer adults without obesity who do not have high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol or blood sugar levels or diabetes to behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity. Existing evidence indicates a positive but small benefit of behavioral counseling for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in this population.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2uNL2BK

Heart failure is associated with loss of important gut bacteria

In the gut of patients with heart failure, important groups of bacteria are found less frequently and the gut flora is not as diverse as in healthy individuals. Data obtained by scientists provide valuable points of departure for understanding how gut colonization is associated with the development and progress of heart failure.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2u55Jvr

Monday, July 10, 2017

Large-scale, collaborative effort could help ease global hearing loss

A team of hearing experts is calling for a comprehensive, worldwide initiative to combat hearing loss.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2v5qO63

Does baby-led approach to complementary feeding reduce overweight risk?

Does allowing infants to control their food intake by feeding themselves solid foods, instead of traditional spoon-feeding, reduce the risk of overweight or impact other secondary outcomes up to age 2? This was the focus of recent research, explain authors of a new report.

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Age, obesity conspire to damage the tiny blood vessels that feed the heart, causing heart failure

Age and obesity appear to create a perfect storm that can reduce blood flow through the tiny blood vessels that directly feed our heart muscle and put us at risk for heart failure, scientists report.

from Diet and Weight Loss News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2u5H8qd

Friday, July 7, 2017

Fasting blood sugar, fasting insulin identified as new biomarkers for weight loss

A personalized diet approach could lead to greater weight loss and maintenance success, report researchers. Their study identifies fasting blood sugar and/or fasting insulin as new biomarkers for weight loss in people with prediabetes or diabetes.

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Gut bacteria can help to predict how the body will respond to fatty foods

Chemical signatures from gut bacteria that show up in urine can be used to predict how the body will respond to a 'junk' diet, report scientists.

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Anti-gravity treadmills get patients running again after knee surgery

Using space age technology, an expert on knee rehabilitation works with clients who have been given the all clear to start to return to sporting activities but may have concerns about moving from being a patient with an injury to being an athlete again.

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Mindfulness-based therapy may reduce stress in overweight and obese individuals

In a randomized clinical trial of women who were overweight or obese, mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) increased mindfulness and decreased stress compared with health education. In addition, fasting blood sugar levels decreased within the MBSR group, but not within the health education group.

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Thursday, July 6, 2017

Conversation cards© a useful tool in pediatric weight management

Conversation Cards© were developed to help families think about and prioritize key challenges regarding pediatric weight management. They also create points of reference for providers, which could help to create treatment plans for families based on their priorities. Using Conversation Cards©, researchers conducted a study that reviewed the way families use the cards and how their card selections aligned with family characteristics.

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Late teen years are key period for bone growth

The late adolescent years are an important period for gaining bone mineral, even after a teenager attains his or her adult height. Scientists analyzing a racially diverse, multicenter sample from a large, federally funded national study say their findings reinforce the importance of diet and physical activities during the late teen years, as a foundation for lifelong health.

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How high-fat diet impacts colorectal cancer

A specific molecular pathway has been discovered that plays a key role in the link between a high-fat diet and tumor growth in the colon. The research team showed in pre-clinical models that cancer stem cell growth in the colon was enhanced by a high-fat, Western diet.

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More than half of China cancer deaths attributable to potentially modifiable risk factors

More than half of all cancer deaths in men in 2013 in China and more than a third of those in women were attributable to a group of potentially modifiable risk factors.

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Wednesday, July 5, 2017

Brain's immune cells may drive overeating and weight gain

Immune cells in the brain trigger overeating and weight gain in response to diets rich in fat, according to a new study in mice.

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Consumption of high-fructose corn syrup increased in Canada after tariffs lowered in NAFTA

Lower tariffs on high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) were linked to higher supply and likely consumption of added sweeteners in Canada, including HFCS, found new research.

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Smelling your food makes you fat

Researchers developed ways to temporarily eliminate the sense of smell in adult mice, and discovered that those mice that lost smell could eat a high-fat diet and stay a normal weight, while littermates that retained the sense of smell ballooned to twice normal weight. Supersmellers gained more weight than did normal mice on the same high-fat diet. Smell-deficient mice burned excess fat instead of storing it, suggesting a link between smell and metabolism.

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Sprayable sensing network technology for structural health monitoring

A novel breed of nanocomposites-inspired sensors has been developed that can be sprayed directly on flat or curved engineering structural surfaces, such as train tracks and airplane structures. The sprayed sensors can be networked, to render rich real-time information on the health status of the structure under monitoring.

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Tweaking muscle metabolism prevents obesity and diabetes in mice

Mildly stressing muscle metabolism boosts levels of a beneficial hormone that prevents obesity and diabetes in mice, according to a new study. The findings show that triggering ER stress in mouse muscle cells causes them to produce and secrete significant amounts of the anti-diabetic hormone fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21), which then has widespread beneficial effects on whole-body metabolism.

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Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Altering gut bacteria pathways may stimulate fat tissue to prevent obesity

A biological link has been discovered between gut bacteria metabolism and obesity. A research team showed that blocking a specific intestinal microbial pathway can prevent obesity and insulin resistance, as well as cause fat tissue to become more metabolically active.

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Monday, July 3, 2017

New anesthesia dosing models may increase safety of remifentanil for obese patients and children

New dosing models have been developed that may provide the scientific basis for more accurate administration of remifentanil, a synthetic opioid commonly used during surgery, in children and obese patients.

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High-fat diet in pregnancy increases breast cancer risk over generations in animal study

Feeding pregnant female mice a diet high in fat derived from common corn oil resulted in genetic changes that substantially increased breast cancer susceptibility in three generations of female offspring, report scientists.

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Needles and Coffee May Not Mix; Even a Low Dose of Caffeine Blocks Acupuncture’s Pain Relief in Mice

Cup of coffee

Researchers find that even the small amounts of caffeine that remain in the body hours after drinking a cup of coffee could potentially reduce acupuncture’s effect on pain. The study was supported by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH).



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Saturday, July 1, 2017

Zoning in on specifics of Mediterranean diet for colorectal health

The benefits of a "Mediterranean diet" (MD) are well-known when it comes to colorectal protection, but it's hard to know specifically what elements of the diet are the healthiest.

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Thursday, June 29, 2017

Teenage weight gain linked to increased stroke risk as an adult

Kids who become overweight during their teenage years may be more likely to develop a stroke decades later than kids who did not become overweight during those years, according to a study.

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Does carrying extra weight offer better survival following a stroke?

Despite the fact that obesity increases both the risk for stroke and death, a new study has found that people who are overweight or even mildly obese survive strokes at a higher rate as compared to those with a normal body weight.

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Cocoa and chocolate are not just treats -- they are good for your cognition

Researchers have examined the available literature for the effects of acute and chronic administration of cocoa flavanols on different cognitive domains. It turns out that cognitive performance was improved by a daily intake of cocoa flavanols.

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Barbecue Basics: Tips to Prevent Foodborne Illness

Barbecuing with friends and family is a warm-weather treat. Help keep bacteria at bay with these food safety tips.

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Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Scientific statement on obesity's causes

A new Scientific Statement calls for more research aimed specifically at understanding the underlying mechanisms that make it difficult to maintain long-term weight loss.

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Obesity risk factors dropped in preschoolers in prevention program

A community-wide intervention for families who receive WIC benefits reduced obesity risk factors in preschoolers.

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